Christianity offers a person to improve in various virtues. Chief among them is love for others, charity, kindness, humility, storage, intentions. Special attention is given to prayer as communion with God and of course fasting. The Holy fathers say that fasting and prayer are the two wings by which the soul as a bird ascends to heaven, leaving everything earthly and material. Many people are afraid of the posts, considering the very difficult feat of abstaining from animal products.
What positions are
There are several types of posts. Multi-day, day-and those which man imposes on himself in preparation for Holy communion. During the whole year Wednesday and Friday are considered fast days. The meaning of these days is the event of the betrayal of Christ and His death on Wednesday betrayed, and on Friday crucified). However, there are several weeks a year when canceled Wednesday and Friday as fast days. It's Christmas time, Bright week, Pancake week, Trinity week. If Christmas falls on a Wednesday or Friday, fasting is canceled.
There are multi positions. The most ancient in the Christian tradition is lent, which lasts 7 weeks. It ends with Easter Sunday. This post rolling, it can start in late February or in March. It all depends on Paschal.
After the end of this post for nearly two months is allowed to eat meat. Then comes the fast of the apostles. It depends on Easter and time of celebration. If Easter is early, long post, late short. It starts with the Monday of the week of All Saints, and always ends on the day of memory of apostles Peter and Paul, 12 July.
There are two long post - Christmas and the assumption. The first will be held from 28 November to 6 January, the second from 14 to 28 August. Thus, there are four multi-day fasting, Wednesday and Friday, and three days of abstinence before receiving Holy communion.
Except Wednesday and Friday there are day posts. The exaltation of the Holy cross (September 27), the beheading of St. John the Baptist (September 11). It turns out that meatless days a year more than the usual days when you are allowed to eat meat.
The meaning of fasting and its proper understanding
The main purpose of storage of fasting is not abstinence from meat, and the human desire to become at least a little better. The rejection of specific products will be useless if a person does not care about your soul. In this case, post is reduced to a normal diet and does not bring benefit. Lent is a spiritual spring for the soul. At this time the person seeks to cleanse his soul, trying to understand their lives, remember their main purpose - the desire for Union with God.
Fasting is the most favorable time for spiritual development of the human personality, growth of man as the image of God, and the desire to achieve Divine likeness. It turns out that abstaining from food is just a diet, but if we are talking about fasting, then you need to keep in mind certain things, without which abstinence is not just does not make sense, but isn't!
Advice 2 : What multi positions exist in the Orthodox Church
In the Orthodox Church there are four multi-day fasting: Great lent, Nativity fast, apostles ' fast and Dormition fast. Two of these periods of abstinence are neperehodimyh time (Christmas and assumption of the posts), the rest is not fixed for a specific date.
The main fasting for an Orthodox Christian is a Great post. Testimonies of Christians about abstinence from animal products is already in the fathers of the first centuries of Christianity. Lent lasts seven weeks, ending with a celebration of Christ's Resurrection (Easter). This is the most strict of all Orthodox positions. Only on festivals of the Annunciation and Entry into Jerusalem are allowed to fish. This post was established in memory of the lasting period of the abstinence of Christ in the desert before vyhodom for public service. Time of the beginning of lent depends on Easter. Result is the period of time which can fall in lent. Saving temperance does not begin before the 15th of February and ends no later than 7 may. On the exact time of lent you can learn from the Church calendar.
After lent comes the fast of the apostles. This period of abstinence starts a week after the feast of the Holy Trinity, and always ends on the day of memory of apostles Peter and Paul (12th July). You know that this post has already been practiced among Christians since the fourth century. Petrov post lax (Saturday and Sunday are allowed to fish).
In late summer the Christians one more strict post - assumption. It starts the 14th of August, ends on the feast of the assumption (28 August). This post is practiced by Christians in the V century. However, the final official establishment of the post occurred in 1166 at the Council of Constantinople. During the Dormition fast the faithful allowed the eating of fish only on the feast of the Transfiguration (19 August).
Another multi-day fasting in the Orthodox tradition the Nativity fast. It starts on 28th November and ends on Christmas (7 January). Otherwise this post is called Filippov, as on the eve of the 27th of November, the Church commemorates the memory of the Apostle Philip. This post lax. Fish is allowed on Saturdays and Sundays and on the great feast of the presentation in the temple virgin. This post is referred to in Christian sources from the fourth century.