Advice 1: What is a third world country

Initially, third world countries called on those States that did not take sides in the cold war. It was the countries of Central and South America, Africa, India, the island nation of Indonesia, and others. Today, the same area was called the third world, implying their economic backwardness.
What is a third world country

History of the term



March 5, 1946, the cold war – the confrontation between the USSR and the USA in the geopolitical, ideological, economic and military matters. Each side had its allies: the Soviet Union cooperated with Hungary, Bulgaria, Poland, China, Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Mongolia and many other countries, and the United States adopted many of the European countries, Japan, Thailand, Israel, Turkey.

Only about a hundred countries participated in this confrontation, which cannot be considered a war in the conventional sense of the word. The standoff was accompanied by an arms race, at certain points in time, situations have occurred that threaten the deployment of this war, but it never came, and in 1991 in connection with disintegration of the USSR the cold war ended.

From the first years of the cold war, countries not involved in this confrontation, called the third world. It was an arena of political action on both sides: NATO and the Warsaw Pact competed for influence in these areas. Although in 1952 the term was first used in its modern sense – as undeveloped, underdeveloped States and territories.

A French scientist has compared the third world with the third estate in the community. And in 1980, the third world countries began to call those that had low income among the population. Although since that time some of those States have managed not only to escape from the third world, but to overtake on the economic development, second, the socialist world and the former States of the developed socialism came into a difficult time.

Third world countries



Today third world countries, according to the terminology of the UN, referred to all developing States – that is, those not to be counted among the developed industrial world. It's pretty subjective: some have a very backward economy – Slovenia, Somalia, Equatorial Guinea, French Guiana, Guatemala, Tahiti, and others have a good level of development – Philippines, Syria, Egypt, Tunisia, Peru.

But all these countries have some common characteristics, which allow to combine them. First, they all have the colonial period in its history – that is ever exciting world powers. The consequences of this time are still reflected in their culture, economy and politics. Secondly, in such countries, despite the well-developed industrial activities with her neighbor pre-industrial types of production. Many sectors of the economy are developed in an unequal degree. Thirdly, the state actively intervenes in the economy to accelerate growth – this process is called statism.

Advice 2 : What is a third world country

Initially, third world countries called on those States that did not take sides in the cold war. It was the countries of Central and South America, Africa, India, the island nation of Indonesia, and others. Today, the same area was called the third world, implying their economic backwardness.
What is a third world country

History of the term



March 5, 1946, the cold war – the confrontation between the USSR and the USA in the geopolitical, ideological, economic and military matters. Each side had its allies: the Soviet Union cooperated with Hungary, Bulgaria, Poland, China, Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Mongolia and many other countries, and the United States adopted many of the European countries, Japan, Thailand, Israel, Turkey.

Only about a hundred countries participated in this confrontation, which cannot be considered a war in the conventional sense of the word. The standoff was accompanied by an arms race, at certain points in time, situations have occurred that threaten the deployment of this war, but it never came, and in 1991 in connection with disintegration of the USSR the cold war ended.

From the first years of the cold war, countries not involved in this confrontation, called the third world. It was an arena of political action on both sides: NATO and the Warsaw Pact competed for influence in these areas. Although in 1952 the term was first used in its modern sense – as undeveloped, underdeveloped States and territories.

A French scientist has compared the third world with the third estate in the community. And in 1980, the third world countries began to call those that had low income among the population. Although since that time some of those States have managed not only to escape from the third world, but to overtake on the economic development, second, the socialist world and the former States of the developed socialism came into a difficult time.

Third world countries



Today third world countries, according to the terminology of the UN, referred to all developing States – that is, those not to be counted among the developed industrial world. It's pretty subjective: some have a very backward economy – Slovenia, Somalia, Equatorial Guinea, French Guiana, Guatemala, Tahiti, and others have a good level of development – Philippines, Syria, Egypt, Tunisia, Peru.

But all these countries have some common characteristics, which allow to combine them. First, they all have the colonial period in its history – that is ever exciting world powers. The consequences of this time are still reflected in their culture, economy and politics. Secondly, in such countries, despite the well-developed industrial activities with her neighbor pre-industrial types of production. Many sectors of the economy are developed in an unequal degree. Thirdly, the state actively intervenes in the economy to accelerate growth – this process is called statism.

Advice 3 : What state can be called world powers

World power is the country with the largest geopolitical force that can exert influence on world politics or policy in certain regions. World powers are divided in superpowers, great powers and regional powers.
The great powers on the world map

Superpower



Superpower called the state with enormous political power, with economic and military superiority over other countries. The geopolitical position of superpowers allows them to influence the state in the most remote parts of the planet. In the modern world superpower needs to have a strategic stockpile of nuclear weapons.

The term "superpower" was coined by William Fox in 1944 in the book "Superpower". After the Second world war, the superpowers were considered three States: the UK, the USA and the USSR. Britain soon began to lose their colonies, and by 1957 had lost its superpower status.

Until 1991, in the world there were two superpowers (USSR and USA), who led the strongest military-political blocs (Warsaw Pact and NATO). After disintegration of the USSR superpower status remained only in the United States. To describe such a situation had been created by the term "hyperpower." But the beginning of the XXI century, the United States continues to be the most powerful nation in the world, however, many experts believe that superpower status can be lost or already lost. Gradually approaching the status of a superpower China.

Among political scientists there is a perception that the era of superpowers is gone. Today's world is becoming multi-polar, with several centers of influence and a growing role and potential of regional superpowers. Potential superpowers now include China, Brazil, European Union, India and Russia.

The great powers



The great powers called the state, which, because of its political influence play a decisive role in the global geopolitical situation. This name is unofficial, it appeared after the Napoleonic wars and put into official circulation by Leopold von Ranke.

In recent history, the status of the great powers had five member countries of the UN security Council. All the great powers participated in most of the world's conflicts and are nuclear powers.

There are three criteria by which a country can assign the status of a great power. Is its resource potential, "the geography of interest (depending on the territory covered by the influence of power and international status.

In the modern world $ 10 the great powers: USA, China, Russia, India, Japan, Germany, France, Brazil and UK.

Regional powers



A regional power is a non-title States that due to its economic and political potential play an important role in the system of international relations in a separate macro-regions. Thus, in world politics they have a great influence, with the exception of those regional powers that are both great powers.

In today's world there are 24 regional state. In Asia, the middle East is Israel, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Israel. In East Asia – China, Japan and South Korea. South Asia – India and Pakistan. In South-East Asia – Indonesia. In America, the U.S. and Canada. In Latin America – Brazil and Mexico. North Africa – Egypt. In West and Central Africa – Nigeria. In South Africa – South Africa. In Western Europe, the United Kingdom, Germany, Spain, Italy and France. In Eastern Europe – Russia. In Oceania – Australia.
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