Advice 1: Who were the Triple Alliance and the Entente

The first world war, which until 1939 was the largest military conflict in history was the confrontation between the two alliances: the Triple Alliance and the Entente. The composition of these blocks were fickle, they changed during the war and at the time of its completion has involved the most civilized countries of the world. It is for this reason war and became known as the First world war.
The balance of power at the beginning of the war
The triple Alliance

The basis of the Triple Alliance was formed in two stages, in the period from 1879 to 1882. The first members were Germany and Austria-Hungary, which signed a contract in 1879, and in 1882, it also included Italy. Italy has not fully shared policies of the Union, in particular, had a non-aggression Pact with great Britain, in case of conflict, the last with Germany. Thus, the Triple Alliance included most of Central and Eastern Europe from the Baltic to the Mediterranean seas, some countries of the Balkan Peninsula and the Western Ukraine, which was then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Almost two years after the war began, in 1915 Italy, which suffered huge financial losses, withdrew from the Triple Alliance and joined the Entente side. At the same time on the side of Germany and Austro-Hungary arose the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. After joining the unit was renamed the Quadruple Alliance (or Central powers).

The allies

Military-political bloc of the Entente (from French "agreement") also was formed immediately and was a response to the rapidly growing influence and the aggressive policy of the countries of the Triple Alliance. The creation of the Entente can be divided into three stages.

In 1891 the Russian Empire signed a Union agreement with France, which in 1892 was added a defensive Convention. In 1904, the UK, seeing a threat to their policy of the Triple Alliance, made an Alliance with France and in 1907 with the Russian Empire. Thus was formed the backbone of the Entente, which became the Russian Empire, the French Republic and the British Empire.

These three countries, as well as joined in 1915 by Italy and the Republic of San Marino, took the most active part in the war on the Entente side, but in fact this unit at different stages joined 26 States.

From the countries of the Balkan region in the war of the Triple Alliance entered Serbia, Montenegro, Greece and Romania. Other European countries joined the list are Belgium and Portugal.

Latin American countries are almost at full strength was on the side of the Entente. It was supported by Ecuador, Uruguay, Peru, Bolivia, Honduras, Dominican Republic, Costa Rica, Haiti, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Brazil, Cuba and Panama. Northern neighbor, the USA, the participants of the Entente was not included, however, took part in the war on her side as an ally.

The war also affected some countries in Asia and Africa. In these regions, on the side of the Entente made by China and Japan, Siam, the Hejaz, and Liberia.

Advice 2: How was formed the triple Alliance and the Entente

The triple Alliance and the Entente – military-political blocks formed in the late XIX early XX centuries, the major European powers. During the First world war, these coalitions were the main opposing forces.
How was formed the triple Alliance and the Entente

The triple Alliance



The partition of Europe into hostile camps was founded in the years 1879-1882 the Triple Alliance which included Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy. This military-political bloc played a crucial role in the preparation and outbreak of the First world war.

Initiated the creation of the Triple Alliance was Germany, which, in 1879, concluded with Austria-Hungary Treaty of Union. The Austro-German Treaty, also known as the Dual Alliance in the first place was directed against France and Russia. Subsequently, this agreement became the basis for the creation of a military bloc headed by Germany, after which the European state was finally divided into 2 hostile camps.

In the spring of 1882 to the Union of Austria-Hungary and Germany joined by Italy. May 20, 1882, these countries signed a secret Treaty of the Triple Alliance. According to the signed a period of 5 years, the agreement the allies had committed themselves not to participate in any agreements aimed against one of these countries, to provide mutual support and to consult on political and economic issues. All the participants of the Triple Alliance pledged in case of joint participation in the war not to conclude a separate peace and to keep the Treaty of the Triple Alliance secret.

By the end of the XIX century Italy under the yoke of the losses from the customs war with France gradually began to change its political course. In 1902, she had to conclude with the French agreement to neutrality in the event of an attack on France Germany. Before the outbreak of world war II Italy as the result of a secret agreement known as the London Pact, left the Triple Alliance and joined the Entente.

The allies



A response to the creation of the Triple Alliance was the creation in 1891 of the Franco-Russian Alliance that later became the basis of the Entente. The strengthening of the German striving for hegemony in Europe and the secret creation of the Triple Alliance led to retaliatory measures from Russia to France and then the UK.

In the early twentieth century Britain as a result of aggravated German-British contradictions had to abandon the policy of "splendid isolation", suggesting non-participation in any military blocs and to conclude a military-political agreements with the enemies of Germany. The Treaty with France, the British signed in 1904 and 3 years later in 1907 an agreement was concluded with Russia. Contracts actually issued the creation of the Entente.

The confrontation between the Triple Alliance and the Entente led to the First world war in which the Entente and its allies were opposed by a bloc of the Central powers led by Germany.
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