You will need
- A notebook, a referral.
Remember, not do you have lower back pain. This is the main symptom of kidney disease. Acute pain may indicate renal colic, that is, an acute inflammatory process. Dull aching pain is a sign of chronic kidney disease.
Check urine for impurities. The presence of blood and mucus is a worrying sign that suggests the kidney disease. Violation of urination also a symptom of the disease of the urinary organs.
Determine the amount allocated to the knocks of urine and record the results. If more than two liters, we can talk about polyuria. If the volume is very small, it oliguria. There is a nasty symptom of anuria, that is, the cessation of urine output by the kidneys. Frequent urination is called pollakiuria. All these symptoms of kidney disease.
Check your body for the presence of edema. Look in the mirror: if your face is puffy eyelids swollen, and the palpebral aperture is narrowed, it is likely you have a problem with the kidneys. A distinctive feature of renal edema is pale and high-speed development. Sometimes renal edema occur not only on the face but on the body, especially the extremities. Swelling can join in a heartbeat, lethargy, fever, nausea and vomiting.
If you experience any of the above symptoms, be sure to visit the urologist. Modern survey methods allow to identify kidney disease at an early stage and prevent progression of the disease.
Most likely, the doctor will prescribe you an ultrasound (ultrasound) of the kidneys and bladder. It is an absolutely painless and safe method. If you are going for an ultrasound, bring a sheet and all available previous surveys. In the study of the bladder must be filled with urine.
Advice 2: That and a check at the urologist
Urologist – specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the genitourinary system men, women and children. This doctor treated the appearance of a burning sensation, pain when urinating, blood in urine, incontinence, cramps in the lower back or other unpleasant symptoms.
Urology is a field of medicine that combines several related specializations. The doctor is often a specialist of other disciplines – gynecology, andrology, Pediatrics. Urology is divided into women's, men's, children's and geriatric (elderly). Male urology or andrology specializiruetsya on the treatment of the following diseases: male infertility, prostate inflammation (prostatitis), inflammation of the bladder, urethra, kidney, kidney stones, and sexually transmitted infections (chlamydia, ureaplasmosis, Mycoplasma, genital herpes, gardnerellosis, etc.).
Female urology or Urogynecology specializiruetsya for the treatment of inflammations of the internal and external genitalia, urethra, bladder, kidney stones, kidneys, and infections, sexually transmitted diseases (genital herpes, mycoplasmosis, chlamydiosis, ureaplasmosis, gardnerellosis, etc.). Pediatric urologist conducts treatment of diseases and malformations of the genitourinary system in children.
Initial consultation with urologist starts with the collection of information. The doctor listens to patient complaints on health, performs a visual inspection of the genital organs, palpate the abdomen and kidneys, the patient should be lying down or standing up. To diagnose diseases additionally appointed laboratory tests (blood, urine, prostatic secretions, etc.).
In men the urologist examines and evaluates the condition of the penis, prostate gland, inguinal lymph nodes, scrotum. Probing the prostate is through the rectum. The patient is in the supine position. Such a study is performed only in the case of acute prostatitis. As a preventive measure in men aged 40 years are recommended to visit a urologist annually.
Women urologist examining on the gynecological chair. During the examination the doctor evaluates the condition of the ureter and bladder, detects the dryness of the vagina or prolapse (prolapse of organs). During the inspection of the child should be his parents. In order to prevent to visit with the child, the urologist must be at least 1 time per year. This will help to identify the early stages of various developmental pathology of the urogenital tract and prevent complications.
Before the consultation you need to prepare everything in advance, to include performing personal hygiene. About 2 hours before the examination you should refrain from urination to the bladder was filled. 2 days before the consultation, you should refrain from sexual contact. Before rectal examination is necessary to empty the bowel in case of constipation, you should use a enema to clean the rectum.