Urology is a field of medicine that combines several related specializations. The doctor is often a specialist of other disciplines – gynecology, andrology, Pediatrics. Urology is divided into women's, men's, children's and geriatric (elderly). Male urology or andrology specializiruetsya on the treatment of the following diseases: male infertility, prostate inflammation (prostatitis), inflammation of the bladder, urethra, kidney, kidney stones, and sexually transmitted infections (chlamydia, ureaplasmosis, Mycoplasma, genital herpes, gardnerellosis, etc.).
Female urology or Urogynecology specializiruetsya for the treatment of inflammations of the internal and external genitalia, urethra, bladder, kidney stones, kidneys, and infections, sexually transmitted diseases (genital herpes, mycoplasmosis, chlamydiosis, ureaplasmosis, gardnerellosis, etc.). Pediatric urologist conducts treatment of diseases and malformations of the genitourinary system in children.
Initial consultation with urologist starts with the collection of information. The doctor listens to patient complaints on health, performs a visual inspection of the genital organs, palpate the abdomen and kidneys, the patient should be lying down or standing up. To diagnose diseases additionally appointed laboratory tests (blood, urine, prostatic secretions, etc.).
In men the urologist examines and evaluates the condition of the penis, prostate gland, inguinal lymph nodes, scrotum. Probing the prostate is through the rectum. The patient is in the supine position. Such a study is performed only in the case of acute prostatitis. As a preventive measure in men aged 40 years are recommended to visit a urologist annually.
Women urologist examining on the gynecological chair. During the examination the doctor evaluates the condition of the ureter and bladder, detects the dryness of the vagina or prolapse (prolapse of organs). During the inspection of the child should be his parents. In order to prevent to visit with the child, the urologist must be at least 1 time per year. This will help to identify the early stages of various developmental pathology of the urogenital tract and prevent complications.
Before the consultation you need to prepare everything in advance, to include performing personal hygiene. About 2 hours before the examination you should refrain from urination to the bladder was filled. 2 days before the consultation, you should refrain from sexual contact. Before rectal examination is necessary to empty the bowel in case of constipation, you should use a enema to clean the rectum.