Advice 1: How to treat a pinched vertebrae in a dog

The host, attentive to your pet, is always to notice if the dog something. Often Pets venerable age there is a pinched vertebrae, which prevents the animal to lead a normal lifestyle. To treat this disease can only be a veterinarian, so without going to the vet here do not work.
How to treat a pinched vertebrae in a dog

Causes of pinched

When a local aging segments of the spine there are degenerative changes leading to the formation of osteophytes – bone spurs, which lead to the merging or the pinching of adjacent vertebrae. In addition, bony growths compress the nerve roots, narrowing the spinal canal and causing severe pain, which can develop into paralysis. Also this affects the outer fibers of the annulus, with the result that the dog becomes less mobile.

Most often, a pinched vertebrae observed in dogs aged six years crossed the threshold.

The reason of this disease can also be violations of posture, osteochondrosis, spinal injury, hypothermia, metabolic disorders and even hereditary factors. The main external symptom of the vertebrae is pinching motion limitation of the lumbar spine. Pain and stiffness do not allow the dog to jump and navigate stairs or inclined surfaces. The animal becomes hard to get up, his chest hardens, and the shape of his back could change considerably.

Treatment pinched vertebrae

To the dog not broke partial or complete paralysis should undergo a series of examinations. Usually a sick pet is prescribed a course of vitamins of group b, and neostigmine to restore neuromuscular conductivity. The treatment can be carried out at home, performing injection of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs. Also, the vet needs to prescribe drugs that stimulate the persistent passage of nerve impulses at peripheral nerve endings.
For self-diagnosis of a pinched vertebrae can be confused with sciatica or lumbago, so don't panic ahead of time.

For the treatment of this disease in dogs, there are special preparations, as "Quadrisol" and "Rimadyl". Medications intended for people, can not be used! They can cause the animal indigestion and bleeding. Sick dogs should be placed in a warm place (but not under the battery!), a walk should be gentle stairs and sudden movements should be ruled out completely. If the animal can not move independently, can do for his weak back legs in a special wheelchair that will give him feel more independent and active.

Advice 2: How to treat paralysis

First of all, it should be noted that the paralysis or paresis are not separate diseases, they are symptoms of some diseases and pathological conditions. Therefore, in order to determine how to treat paralysis, it is necessary to reveal and eliminate the reason of the disruption of conduction of nerve impulses.
How to treat paralysis
The main cause of paralysis is stroke, in the development of stroke, trauma to the spinal cord and brain, neoplasm, compressing the cerebral vessels, inherited vascular anomalies of the brain. So, how to cure paralysis? This requires the following:At break of the nerve plexus, as a result of injury, need for surgical stapling nerve fibers in the area of the gap.
In the presence of tumor, conduct prompt excision of tumors within healthy tissue, provided that operability of the tumor and concomitant pre - and postoperative radiation therapy. When large amounts of benign tumor or malignant neoplasm, is carried out a partial removal of the tumor, to improve the quality of life or prescribe chemotherapy.
In case of violation of cerebral circulation as a result of development of a stroke or other vascular disorders prescribed medication: drugs that improve cerebral blood flow (piracetam, Cerebrolysin);
drugs that enhance the flow of oxygen to the brain (galantamine, ghb);
- drugs that restore the nerve sheath and stimulating the nerve carrying fibers (b vitamins, Neostigmine, Galanta);
- therapeutic physical training and massage, in order to develop atrophic processes in the muscles, lack of movement.
- electrotherapy, in the form of destination), furnizarii to improve and restore nerve impulses.
- acupuncture, which consists in stimulation of certain areas of the brain, to restore nerve conduction fibers.
- balneological treatment, application of mud, hydrogen sulfide baths.

Advice 3: How to treat the displacement of the vertebrae

The displacement of vertebrae (spondylolisthesis or) is characterized by instability of the spine, the displacement of a vertebra forward or backward relative to the other vertebrae. In the initial stage, the disease can be almost asymptomatic, but after a while makes itself felt because of the infringement and deformation of the nerves in the spinal channels. When pain in the back and lumbar region should immediately contact the doctor.
How to treat the displacement of the vertebrae
Treatment of displacement of the vertebrae is carried out according to the algorithm of treatment of pain related to compression of the nerve roots and spinal instability. In most cases, quite effective conservative therapy. The main element of therapy is to strengthen the abdominals and back, creating a muscular corset that reduces instability of the spine.
When pronounced pain syndrome the doctor assigned to the medical therapy aimed at reducing muscle spasm of the paravertebral muscles and pain relief. For acute pain a doctor may be appointed to wear the corset for a short time. However, it is worth remembering that the long-term use of corset belts weakens the back muscles, which can lead to the aggravation of the process and increase the instability of the spine.
With the ineffectiveness of conservative therapy in the treatment of pain, a doctor may be appointed surgical treatment. The operation is to reduce the compression of the neural structures and stabilize the spine. In most cases, to reduce the compression and audit of the nerve roots of the spinal cord runs the procedure called laminectomy, removal of posterior arch of a vertebra. Surgeon during surgery removes excess scar tissue in the area spondylolysis, which compresses the nerve roots of the spinal cord.
If the displacement of the vertebrae is detected early in the development of Dr is assigned to limitation in motor mode: try less to walk, stand, it is not necessary to carry weights and to avoid abrupt bending of the back and torso. For acute pain is assigned to bed rest with heat treatments, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, the applying on the back of local irritating ointment.
The displacement of the vertebrae a doctor prescribes physiotherapy (physical therapy), which includes exercises to strengthen back muscles and abdominals. In this case the load on the spine.

Advice 4: How to treat a violation of intraventricular conductivity

Violation of intraventricular conductivity of the heart refers to pathological conditions such as rhythm disturbance of the cardiovascular system. This type of pathology is currently out on its prevalence in first place among all other diseases.
How to treat a violation of intraventricular conductivity
This disease is indicative of violations occurring in the conductive system, manifested by slowing of the frequency of propagation of the pulse or the cessation of their passing (cardiac arrest). Violation of intraventricular conductivity of the heart is expressed by the emergence of various heart blockages, which are divided into full (when there is no possibility of propagation of the nerve impulse) and incomplete (nerve impulses are transmitted with a low frequency).
The causes of the violation of intraventricular conduction, are functional, organic, and medicinal. With organic causes there is a change in the structure of the cardiac conduction system. Such changes are often accompanied by: heart attack, myocarditis, angina, infarction, and other ischemic heart disease. In addition, the organic changes observed in the presence of congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathies, and in some cases and after any surgical interventions.
For functional reasons for the emergence of pathology observed changes in the conduction system. There is a violation of balance and there is a functional shift in the work of the entire cardiovascular system. Medicinal causes of the disease determine the occurrence of abnormalities when taking certain medicines that affect the rhythm of the heart. Blockade of such a group differ in severity and are difficult to treat.
If there is blockade, in which common atrioventricular conduction is not violated, the cure lies in identifying and eradicating the underlying disease. When the blockade heart failure and intraventricular, for the treatment used cardiac glycosides are assigned to all patients with the presence of this type of pathology. An important role in the therapy of patients with ventricular blockade is the use of drugs that significantly improve metabolic processes in myocardium. Among these drugs there are "Inosine" (administered orally at a dose of 0.6 — 1.2 g a day), "Kokarboksilazu" (administered intramuscularly at 50 — 100 mg per day) or adenosine triphosphoric acid (also intramuscularly 1 ml 1% solution). The drugs used in courses, lasting about 1 month.
When intraventricular blockade is present simultaneously with atrioventricular block II degree, drugs prescribed with caution, and regularly carry out electrocardiographic monitoring. In acute bifascicular blockade in a patient with myocardial infarction place the probe in the right ventricle (preventively) because there is a high probability of full trifascicular blockade up to stop the blood circulation.When trifascicular the form of a blockade what is happening with the violation of atrioventricular conduction II and III it is necessary to conduct the introduction of the probe electrode directly into the cavity of the right ventricle as a prophylactic or therapeutic purpose.
It must be remembered that monofollicular blockade of acute character, only in 12% of cases precede the violation of atrioventricular conduction. Therefore, it is not expedient to carry out catheterization, all of these patients. This procedure is performed only in the presence of a real threat to the development of atrioventricular of blockade.
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