A rich harvest of onions and garlic can be grown only on fertile soil. Well, if it is loamy, and acidic reaction-neutral or slightly alkaline. In acidic soils the onion and garlic, of course, will grow, but the abundant harvest will not be pleased. In order for your work is not lost, pick onions and garlic are well-lit, Sunny place. More suited to the elevated areas, which are first cleared of snow.
Onions and garlic grow well in the beds after the cabbage, carrots, potatoes, cucumbers, zucchini or pumpkin. It is strictly forbidden to plant onions and garlic in the same beds in the next four years. This is because the stored soil pests, particularly dangerous for these cultures.
Best fertilizer for onions and garlic is organic, so before planting, it is good to fill the beds with compost: 1 square meter — one bucket.
Varieties of garlic and onions choose according to your region. Perform planting according to the lunar calendar.
On the prepared bed make transverse grooves at a distance of 12-15 cm. the Grooves need to sprinkle a pinch of ash and salt. Before planting, the planting material is to soak overnight in a solution of potassium permanganate.
Garlic and onion are actively distracted by fertilizing with superphosphate. To do this, dissolve 1 tablespoon of superphosphate in two cups of warm water. Put in a dark place. Dilute the solution in a bucket of water and watering plants at the root. You can do it even simpler: a handful of superphosphate scatter the garden between the plants, and sprinkle the earth liberally pour.
On the beds with garlic and onions is not recommended to apply manure, since the use of it a bit and the weeds will grow with incredible force, to get rid of them will be difficult. In addition, the application of manures leads to diseases of onion and significant reduction of yield. Organic fertilizer is best to use humus (2 kg per 1 square meter). Fertilizer, in addition to the superphosphate and potassium salt, onion and garlic is also well respond to the ammonium nitrate.