Causes of the cold war
What was the reason for such a long period of "cold" confrontation between the West and the East? Between the model of society represented by the United States of America and the socialist system, the head of which stood the Soviet Union, there were deep and irreconcilable differences.
Both world powers wanted to strengthen its economic and political influence and become the undisputed leaders of the global community.
The United States is extremely not satisfied that the Soviet Union established its influence in several Eastern European countries. Now there began to dominate the Communist ideology. Reactionary circles in the West were afraid that Communist ideas penetrated further West and formed the socialist camp can be a serious competitor to the capitalist world in economic and military spheres.
The beginning of the "cold war" historians consider it a leading British politician Winston Churchill that in March 1946 he delivered in Fulton. In his speech, Churchill warned the Western world from error, right saying about the looming Communist danger, which need to come together. Expressed in this speech situation was the actual call for the unleashing of the cold war against the Soviet Union.
The course of the cold war
The cold war had several climaxes. Among them were the signing of a number of Western countries of the North Atlantic Treaty, the Korean war and the testing of nuclear weapons in the USSR. And in the early 60-ies of the world anxiously followed the development of the so-called Cuban missile crisis, which showed that the two superpowers have such a powerful weapon that the winners in a possible military confrontation will not.
Awareness of this fact has led politicians to believe that political confrontation and arms build-up should be brought under control. The desire of the USSR and the USA to strengthen its military power led to a Grand budget and spending undermined the economy of both Nations. Statistics suggests that both economies are not able to continue to maintain the pace of the arms race, therefore, the governments of the US and Soviet Union eventually signed an agreement on the reduction of nuclear aresenals.
But the cold war is still far from been completed. She continued in the information space. Both States has used its ideological apparatuses, to undermine the political power of each other. There were provocations and subversive activities. Each of the parties tried in a favorable light to present the benefits of their social system, at the same time downplaying the achievements of the enemy.
The end of the cold war and its outcome
In the result of a malicious external and internal factors in the mid 80-ies of the last century the Soviet Union was in deep economic and political crisis. The country began the process of restructuring, which in essence was a course for the replacement of socialism capitalist relations.
These processes were actively supported by foreign enemies of communism. The collapse of the socialist camp. Culminated in the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 disintegrated into several independent States. The goal of the opponents of the Soviet Union, which they had set several decades earlier, was achieved.
The West had a landslide victory in the "cold war" with the Soviet Union and the United States remained the world's only superpower. This was mainly the result of "cold" confrontation.
Still, some analysts believe that the collapse of the Communist regime did not lead to the complete end of the cold war. Russia, which has nuclear weapons, though, and embarked on the capitalist path of development, is still a nuisance for the implementation of aggressive intentions of the United States, seeking total world domination. A special irritation of the American ruling circles causes the desire of a renewed Russia pursue an independent foreign policy.
Advice 2: What the cold war
Among the various political and military conflicts of the XX century, stands out a cold war. It lasted for more than 40 years and covered almost all corners of the globe. And to understand the history of the second half of the twentieth century need to find out what this confrontation.
The definition of the cold war
The very expression "cold war" appeared in the second half of the forties, when it became clear that the contradictions between the recent allies in the war against fascism became insurmountable. This definition described the specific situation of confrontation between the socialist bloc and the Western democracies led by the United States.
The cold war was named because of full-scale hostilities between the armies of the USSR and the USA was not conducted. This opposition was accompanied by indirect military conflicts beyond the territory of the USSR and the USA, and the Soviet Union tried to conceal the participation of his troops in such military operations.
The question of the authorship of the term "cold war" is still remains controversial among historians.
The importance during the cold war was propaganda, which involved all media channels. Another method of fighting the opponents was the economic rivalry of the USSR and the United States expanded the circle of its allies by providing substantial financial assistance to other States.
The course of the cold war
The period called the cold war began shortly after the Second world war. Defeating a common enemy, the USSR and the USA lost the need for collaboration that revived the old controversy. The United States has been frightened by the tendency of the establishment of Communist regimes in Europe and Asia.
As a result, in the late forties, Europe was divided into two parts - the Western part of the continent adopted the so-called Marshall plan - economic aid from the United States, and the East moved into the zone of Soviet influence. In Germany the tensions between the former allies in the end was divided into the socialist GDR and the Pro-American West Germany.
The struggle for influence was in Africa - in particular, the Soviet Union managed to establish contacts with the Arab States of the southern Mediterranean, such as Egypt.
In Asia, the conflict between the USA and the USSR for world domination has moved into a military phase. The Korean war ended with the division of the state into Northern and southern parts. Later began the war in Vietnam, which resulted in the defeat of the US and establish the country's socialist government. Also under the influence of the Soviet Union came to China, but not for long - although in China remained in power, the Communist party, the state began to pursue an independent policy by entering into a confrontation with the Soviet Union, and the United States.
In the early sixties the world has never been close to a new world war began the Cuban missile crisis. In the end, Kennedy and Khrushchev were able to negotiate a non-aggression as a conflict of such scale with the use of nuclear weapons could lead to the complete destruction of mankind.
In the early eighties began a period of "détente" - the normalization of Soviet-American relations. However the cold war ended only with the collapse of the Soviet Union.