How to grow rootstock
A mistake made by many novice gardeners is that they are trying to grow an orange tree from seed and expect from him the fruit. At home, this orange will not bloom and, accordingly, will not give fruit. To get it to do it only to graft a twig from the plant, which already bore fruit, and bones will make great stock.
Remove the seeds from the ripe orange and put them in a bowl with moist fertile substrate. It is best to use potting mix for citrus, which can be purchased at the flower shop.
Planted several seeds so you can choose the strongest seedlings for rootstock.
Bowl cover with plastic wrap or glass and put this mini-hothouse in a Sunny place. Sprouts will appear pretty quickly, then the cover can be removed. Care seedlings is simple. Water them as it dries the top layer of the soil, the land must always be wet.
When you see 3-4 true leaves, select from the grown plants are strongest and transplant them into individual pots. Put in a warm Sunny place. Periodically loosen soil, water and make feeding a special fertilizer for citrus. Don't move the seedlings to another location, the orange really do not like.
How to plant a plant
When the shoots trivisvavet and will be a minimum thickness of 5 mm, it will be possible to begin vaccination. Prepare the rootstock. Cut with cultivated plants 1-2 year old twigs. Remove all the leaves, leaving the petioles and buds. The lower part of the stalk cut off with a sharp blade at an acute angle from both sides (should be a wedge), the cut must be under the lower kidney.
Vaccination should be held immediately after cutting the stem, but if this is not possible, wrap the material with a damp cotton wool or sphagnum moss and place in plastic bag.
Seedling pruning shears, cut at 10 cm from the soil surface. Make a vertical incision with a depth of about 2 cm and insert it into the split blade of the cutting. Combine the bark of the Scion and rootstock.
All the slices zamazhte garden pitch, and the site of inoculation wrap with insulating tape. After about 1.5 months it will be possible to remove. If you did everything correctly, the cuttings will take root, orange quickly touched in growth and in 2 years will bloom white flowers with a pleasant aroma and will please you with the fruits.
Advice 2 : How to plant tangerines
Like many citrus fruits, tangerines grow well in the indoor environment. However, obtaining the fruit, they need time to instill. Naturally room tangerines begin to give the first fruits for 6-8 year of growth, the vaccine not only allows you to speed up fruiting for up to 2-4 years, but also significantly improves the quality of the fruit.
You will need
- the Scion (a Bud with the petiole from cultivated plants), rootstock (seedling Mandarin or other citrus), okulirovannyh knife, elastic band, outdoor options, plastic sheeting for a mini greenhouse
Giving the vaccination is best in April-early may, when the bark of the plant, a period of active SAP movement. At this time the bark is easily separated from the wood, and the Scion is easier to survive in the new environment. You can also instill the tangerines in August, when the plant is full of energy after the summer.
Inoculation of oranges is best done on seedlings of other citrus fruits: lemon, orange or orange. But the success of this procedure by grafting cultivated plants on a seedling of a Mandarin. It is important that vaccination was carried out neatly, quickly, in terms of cleanliness. Then the plant can easily be adapted to this effect.
Before starting vaccination, you need to prepare all the necessary materials: a Scion with well-ripened wood, the Scion, taken from the cultural fertile plants, garden var, elastic band, okulirovannyh knife. The most common and convenient method is grafting budding, in other words "eye", in which the rootstock sprouted transplanted a kidney from leaf cuttings from cultivated plants.
Vaccination should be carried out quickly and carefully so as not to damage the wood of a sapling. At a height of about 7 cm from the soil the trunks of the rootstock, wipe the dust and dirt, then a very sharp, clean knife cut the crust in the form of the letter "T" so not to touch the wood. The size of the cut is about 1 cm horizontally and about 2.5 cm in height. The tip of a knife the bark is carefully folded to the sides and formed in the bosom inserted the "eye", holding it for the preservation of the petiole.
The inserted section from the kidney again cover the corners of the bark of the rootstock, good smoothing and pressing for closer contact. Then the site of inoculation smeared garden pitch for the speedy healing of the wound and wrap with an elastic band, leaving only the protruding stem with the leaf. Inoculated plants are then placed in a temporary mini-greenhouse, which can be made from a large plastic bag or plastic film. This mini-greenhouse will create comfortable conditions for trees and contribute to better healing of the graft.
To judge the success of vaccination is necessary as the petiole – if something doesn't go right, it will turn black and dry to the panel. But usually the transplanted kidney successfully take root in 2-3 weeks. This is indicated by yellowing and easily removable petiole. For better acclimatization of grafted plants to indoor conditions teplichku periodically need to access, gradually increase the ventilation time. After the final sewing and sprouting buds, dense winding of the weaken, and then removed.
When the grafted kidney starts growing young shoot (about three weeks after grafting), the stem of the rootstock is cut obliquely at a height of about 5 mm. above the base of the escape and treat the cut garden pitch. To the young shoot growing vertically and formed a proper crown, it is tied to a stick inserted in the pot.