Reasons for poor growth of Apple trees
The most common cause – inappropriate soil and climatic conditions to which young trees are unable to adapt. In areas where ground water is located too close to the surface of the earth, to grow an Apple orchard will not work if you do not build the bulk of the hills with a height of about 1.5 m. in Addition, you need to buy seedlings on a dwarf or medium growth rootstocks – the root system is at least suffering from excess moisture.
Sandy, superpackage and loam soils unfavorable for growing Apple trees and other fruit trees. They are poor in organic matter necessary for growth. In loamy areas has been an excessive amount of moisture stored in the upper layers, while sand – water shortage. Moreover, in snowy and frosty winter, the root system of the trees may die, despite the fact that the trunk was insulated.
To grow Apple trees on poor soils to dig holes with a depth of 1.5 meters, the bottom pour 15-20 cm of clay, and the hole covered with peat or topsoil. If you are going immediately after preparation of the pit to plant a tree, then a couple of weeks add the land, as the soil will settle on 10-15 cm
Failure to comply with phytosanitary standards can also have a negative impact on the growth of Apple trees. It is not recommended to plant young trees in the place where you killed the previous one for some reason. Before planting young plants growing side by side to be treated against pests, to whitewash the trunks up to the first fork of the branches. If the soil is infertile, it will not hurt to make a small amount of non-corrosive fertilizers.
Excessive amounts of fertilizers can kill young trees. If you have fertile soil, from fertilizer application can be dispensed with.
How to choose seedlings
Sometimes the cause of all failures can serve as a low-quality planting material. Do not buy varieties that are unsuitable for climatic area – they can get sick, do not grow or even freeze solid. It is best to contact the local nursery that sells seedlings.
To buy seedlings from private owners is not desirable – they can sell varieties of Apple trees that do not survive in the conditions of Siberia and the Urals.
When selecting young trees, pay special attention to root system – it should be well developed. The roots or trunk of seedlings should not be damaged, putrid spots. The stronger the tree, the faster it will root and begin to bear fruit.
Advice 2: Why not a fruiting Apple tree
Gardeners from time to time faced with the fact that Apple trees do not produce fruit. The reasons for this may be different, the lack of fruit often indicates the occurrence of pests or lack of moisture and nutrients in the soil. To determine the specific cause of the problem before everything you must carefully inspect the plant, continuing to observe throughout the season.
Maybe your Apple tree does not bloom and does not bear fruit due to the fact that she's younger than seven or eight years, so first of all you must find out the planting dates. If the tree is older, you should think about correct care, regular fertilizing and hoeing, maybe the plant just doesn't have enough moisture. Other reasons for the lack of flowering can be a variety of diseases and parasites or even just excessive penetration into the soil.
If the buds are formed, but not disclosed, the reason for this may be the larvae of the pollen beetle. They hit the Bud from the inside by eating its contents. To get rid of this problem in advance to prevent against parasites and infections with the help of special tools. It is worth remembering that the plants are sprayed prior to Bud formation, otherwise it may be too late. Do not forget to inspect and treat the trunk of the tree, to establish a protective belt and blanching of the plant. All this will help protect the tree from parasites.
With good flowering and no fruit, the reason may be spring frosts. There is nothing you can do about it. One can only hope that the next year will be favorable for fruiting. If cooling was not the absence of ovaries can talk about the problem with pollination. This can be overcome by planting several varieties of Apple trees, or by using methods of artificial pollination. However, if possible, it is necessary to acquire land, next to which is an apiary. This will help to get rid of problems with pollination, which is important not only for growing Apple trees.
Another reason for the lack of fruits can be that the tree is already too old. You can try to rejuvenate the plant with pruning and nitrogen fertilizing. If you see that even after two or three seasons after rejuvenating pruning an Apple tree not bear fruit, you should replace it or write on its site as a decorative element, and next to the new plant.
Whitewash Apple-trees allows to protect the trees not only from pests but also from sunburn.
If you don't want to treat Apple trees with chemicals, you can spray the trunk and the crown, the infusion of garlic or a solution of manganese. Grandma's remedies can be very effective, especially as a preventive measure.