The causes of multi-colored lichen
Pityriasis versicolor, also called pityriasis, is a result of the growth of fungi of the genus Pityrosporum orbiculare and Malassezia furfur, which is located in the Horny layer of skin at the mouth of the follicles. Under the microscope they resemble clusters consisting of a curved thick strands.
Pityriasis versicolor is not a contagious disease, as provoking him or fungi present on the skin of most adults.
The reasons for the growth of these fungi have not been studied, but doctors presume that the appearance of pink lichen is directly connected with weakening of immunity, the individual predisposition to this disease, excessive sweating and a special chemical composition of sweat. The reason of pathogenesis may also be a violation of the physiological processes in the stratum corneum of the epidermis.
It was observed that pityriasis rosea most often affects young men and women than children, and those whose body is weakened by tuberculosis, vegetariana with excessive sweating or diabetes.
Symptoms of multi-colored lichen
Like other skin diseases, pityriasis versicolor can be identified by several characteristics. The most common of them, which can be seen by the naked eye, yellowish or light brown spots on the skin originating from hair follicles and spreading over the upper torso. As a rule, the localization of the spots is the chest, back, neck, shoulders and the side of the torso. Although in children and adolescents pityriasis versicolor is rare, the scope of its distribution, they have much broader - it may include the armpits, belly, arms, legs, and the hairy head area.
These spots are not raised above the skin and do not cause discomfort, but eventually begin to peel off and change its color to brown or dark brown. It is for this reason lichaj came to be called colored. And heavily tanned people spot, on the contrary, become lighter in relation to the basic tone of the skin. Many spots merge together, forming intricate pictures, similar to a geographical map.
To correctly diagnose this disease can only be a doctor on the basis of studies of skin scrapings. After that, as a rule, prescribe a course of treatment with special antifungal tablets, sprays or sulfur-salicylic ointment. The patient can also assign the sun, contributing to the disappearance of the spots. To treat pityriasis versicolor usually have long, sometimes several months. Frequent relapses.