Advice 1: How to grow filbert nuts

Hazelnut growers called a cultivated variety of hazel. Unlike common hazel, this hybrid survives better than the gardeners. Because of the valuable nutritional properties of this plant many gardeners tend to have it on your site. Often hazel is propagated by seedlings, but with some skill you can grow hazelnuts from the nut. It is necessary to study the characteristics of seeds and before planting, to consult with a specialist.
How to grow filbert nuts
You will need
  • - Mature seeds hazelnuts;
  • - light sandy loam soil;
  • - wooden box;
  • - sand;
  • water;
  • plywood sheet;
  • - humus.
Correctly choose the variety of hazelnut that it has taken root in the conditions of your garden. For cultivation in Central Russia experienced breeders usually recommend a hybrid that combines large fruit size and frost resistance (such as Panahasi , "early Tambov and Tambov late , "Komsomolskaya and others). It is possible to plant at the cottage and hazel, but there is a risk that it will not take root away from the forest.
Choose for planting the seeds matured fully. They are usually harvested between September to October. For the quality of nuts please, not on the market, and familiar to gardeners or in a special nursery.
Proceed with the planting of hazelnuts immediately after collection of seeds. Put more nuts to further you had the ability to reject unhealthy or weak seedlings. 1 sqm well loosened land visate fifty seeds, close up them at a depth of 7-8 cm Optimal soil for hazelnuts is considered to be a light, sandy loam.
If fall planting for some reason went wrong, in the spring, be sure to perform stratification of seeds (help them to sprout faster). To do this, within three to four months to hold the nuts in a wooden box filled with damp sand (one part seeds and three parts of substrate). Watch the temperature of the bulk soil to keep it in the range from +1 to +10 degrees.
Mix the sand and the nuts once during stratification, to provide the planting material necessary oxygen. It is recommended to put the soil together with the seeds on dry plywood sheet, all a good stir and again put into the box.
Land prepared for spring seeding nuts to a depth of 5-6 cm According to botanists, hazelnut – unpretentious culture. However, you need to remove the garden weeds and from time to time to loosen the soil. During drought for normal growth and development of their seedlings need watering. A year later, the height of a small hazel can be up to 15 cm and root neck thickness of 3 mm or more. In this case, you can transfer the hazelnuts to a permanent place, adding to the pit a bucket of humus. If your seedling is still too small, hold transplant until next year.
If grown hazelnuts from the nut, it may not preserve all properties varieties. For the fledgling young hazel, it is recommended to vaccinate stalk graded hazelnuts.
Useful advice
Don't forget that hazelnut – plant cross-pollinated. To hazel grow well and fruited, it is advisable to plant in one area a few different varieties. In the middle lane as pollinators usually use filberts "Firstborn", "Tambov early" and "late Tambov".

Advice 2: How to grow hazelnut

Common hazel is a shrub, the fruit of which is a nut, often referred to as filbert hazelnut. Hazelnuts are called or the fruit of plants, or garden varieties of hazel. This unpretentious culture is able to grow on diverse soils. Garden varieties of the filbert are larger and more delicious fruit than a forest. They are also undemanding to conditions, so well take root in any area.
How to grow hazelnut
The gardeners for propagation of hazelnut usually use the vegetative method, that is, by layering or by dividing the Bush.
1) propagation of hazelnut cuttings in the spring near the parent Bush dig the groove. Annual or two-year escape drop to the ground, notched on the lower side of the escape of the bark for best rooting. Sprinkle the groove down in her escape the land with compost, leaving the shoot apex with 3-4 buds. In the autumn, in November, transplant the shoots with roots in a permanent place. The first fruits in this case will appear in the sixth year.
2) For the propagation of hazelnut by dividing the Bush, dig a hive, divide it into several parts and transplant to a permanent place. With this method of propagation the plant will fruit in the third or fourth year.
During the multiplication of seeds young plant does not retain all properties of the parent shrub, so gardening this method of propagation is rarely used. If you still want to plant a nut of a filbert, it is necessary to choose large fruit and keep to Nov in a cool dry place. In November put the nuts river sand and leave until spring in a cool place, periodically moistening.
Another way is to plant the seeds soon after ripening, and before the frosts to proporcionate the bed a layer of 10 cm.
If you buy seedlings of hazelnut, it is difficult to distinguish them from the wild hazel. In this case, give preference to seedlings with purple colored leaves, as wild varieties with this coloration there. To buy cuttings, not grown from seed, seedlings, look at the root: cuttings it is fibrous, and the plants grown from the seed rod. In addition, seedlings-cuttings always twice as expensive.
Hazelnuts like irrigation, especially during fruit ripening, as its roots are close to the surface. The rest of the care for hazelnuts is simple. For soils, it is light-weight, but on the fertilized soil gives a higher yield.
Plant in two to three years after planting should begin to form, cutting off weak branches and leaving ten to twelve strong shoots, located as far as possible from each other.
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