You will need
- - Mature seeds hazelnuts;
- - light sandy loam soil;
- - wooden box;
- - sand;
- plywood sheet;
- - humus.
Correctly choose the variety of hazelnut that it has taken root in the conditions of your garden. For cultivation in Central Russia experienced breeders usually recommend a hybrid that combines large fruit size and frost resistance (such as Panahasi , "early Tambov and Tambov late , "Komsomolskaya and others). It is possible to plant at the cottage and hazel, but there is a risk that it will not take root away from the forest.
Choose for planting the seeds matured fully. They are usually harvested between September to October. For the quality of nuts please, not on the market, and familiar to gardeners or in a special nursery.
Proceed with the planting of hazelnuts immediately after collection of seeds. Put more nuts to further you had the ability to reject unhealthy or weak seedlings. 1 sqm well loosened land visate fifty seeds, close up them at a depth of 7-8 cm Optimal soil for hazelnuts is considered to be a light, sandy loam.
If fall planting for some reason went wrong, in the spring, be sure to perform stratification of seeds (help them to sprout faster). To do this, within three to four months to hold the nuts in a wooden box filled with damp sand (one part seeds and three parts of substrate). Watch the temperature of the bulk soil to keep it in the range from +1 to +10 degrees.
Mix the sand and the nuts once during stratification, to provide the planting material necessary oxygen. It is recommended to put the soil together with the seeds on dry plywood sheet, all a good stir and again put into the box.
Land prepared for spring seeding nuts to a depth of 5-6 cm According to botanists, hazelnut – unpretentious culture. However, you need to remove the garden weeds and from time to time to loosen the soil. During drought for normal growth and development of their seedlings need watering. A year later, the height of a small hazel can be up to 15 cm and root neck thickness of 3 mm or more. In this case, you can transfer the hazelnuts to a permanent place, adding to the pit a bucket of humus. If your seedling is still too small, hold transplant until next year.
If grown hazelnuts from the nut, it may not preserve all properties varieties. For the fledgling young hazel, it is recommended to vaccinate stalk graded hazelnuts.
Don't forget that hazelnut – plant cross-pollinated. To hazel grow well and fruited, it is advisable to plant in one area a few different varieties. In the middle lane as pollinators usually use filberts "Firstborn", "Tambov early" and "late Tambov".