Advice 1: How to change the tube

Included one the chandelier, and suddenly the lights went out all over the apartment: "embossed tube". Most likely, it exceeded the maximum load for a fuse or shorted out.
How to change the tube
You will need
  • -spare fuses;
  • electric probe;
  • -a thin copper wire.
If your electrical panel is screwed an ordinary ceramic tube, it is likely that one of them has blown a fuse.
Remove the pipe plug. Remove from the front of the speaker is a ceramic cylinder with metal caps at the ends – this is the fuse. Inside the tube is placed a wire of a certain cross-section. The diameter of the inserts are also different for the same length. It's called "protection against the fool". Insert with a diameter of 6 mm can withstand a current of 6 amps, 8 mm – 10A 10mm – 15A and 12 mm for 20A. As you can see, to mix up, and insert the inflated current insertion impossible.
To check if a fuse, you can use electric. tester or a simple lampong probe. If the tube is burnt contact, it is impossible to restrict replacement insert – it should be changed.
If you have have the appropriate insert, just replace the burned-out and install the pipe plug. If not – then you can temporarily put a "bug". The sequence of repair of the electric fuse shown in details in the figure. At the first opportunity replace a wire on the factory fuse.
In case you have auto tubes, which are rolled in exactly the same way as regular ceramic, they are just "knock". In contrast to the conventional automatic tube overload or in case of a short circuit is disabled.
Making sure that all wiring is normal, disconnect from the network once the appliance, press the white button on the tube and restore the circuit.
The second button, smaller and red in color, serves to disconnect the circuit.
Finally, the third option: you have a domestic machine (circuit breaker). This device combines the functions of fuse and switch. They should also be put in pairs: a "phase" and "zero".
If the machine "knocked out" and you have found and eliminated the cause, move the first toggle switch in the off position, then turn on.
Of these preservatives, conventional ceramic tube fuse is the most reliable protection against overload and short-circuit in electric circuit. However, she and the cheapest.
Useful advice
Before you can enable the "broken" fuse or install a new plug, check and eliminate the cause.

Advice 2 : How to replace a tube on the machine

In many old apartments and houses, cottages can still be seen on the electric Cabinet which can be screwed to the tube. Protection of the network using congestion is very uncomfortable and should be replaced with modern circuit breaker protection.
How to replace a tube on the machine
Protection of the network using the congestion is not only archaic but also dangerous in that case if the burnt tube is reduced by a "bug" (podmochennoy thin wire). The availability of automatic protection not only protects the wiring from short circuits, but also allows, if necessary, easily and quickly it to disconnect.
To replace the tubes in the machines, you do not need to call an electrician to take any permission – tubes are on the output of the counter, so you can do it yourself. But be careful when changing plugs do not damage the seals, sealing the electric meter.
You will need to install two breaker, one for phase wire and the zero. Choose machines protection on the basis of the estimated load. In most cases, used machines protection to 16 or 25 amps.
First, remove the old tube. To control the phase conductor, use a probe, usually the phase is left extending from the meter wire. Carefully Unscrew the screws, if necessary, use rubber gloves to prevent electric shock. Watch carefully that the phase wire accidentally touched zero!
To install machines protection, you will need a DIN-rail – a special profile, aluminum or steel. Automatic protection can be installed close to each other, so stop with a six-inch cut strips. Secure it with the screws horizontally in the place where there will be automatic machines of protection.
Pulling on the machine protection latch, hang it vertically on a DIN rail, the letters "On" should be at the top. In the same way and install a second machine. Then connect the wires, while the machines should be in the off position. Please note that the wires coming from the electric meter must be suitable to the upper terminals of the circuit breaker protection. The wire to the housing of the network connected to their lower terminals. Tighten the screws, otherwise the terminal can bask at high load. The installation of machines for the protection is finished.
Is the advice useful?