Advice 1: How to fix the pastels

Pastel painting is different from painting that is made using other materials, the unique shades of tenderness, wonderful soft and velvety. However, dry pastel has one feature - it is very fragile and tends to crumble. How to fix pastel? The recipe for the ideal fixative for centuries looking for artists working with pastels. The first recipe dates back to the XVII century. De Mayer described it in his manuscript, посвящtнной the tools of the painter. And we will try to find the answer to this question.
How to fix the pastels
You will need
  • watercolor or pastel paper, pastels, spray fixative. May also be useful to the brush and water. If you want to try out the recipe of the artist of the XVII century, you need fish glue.
The ways in which fixed the pastel artists of the past, quite complex. For example, you had to get bonded, well overlooking the water, the paper on which you will draw with pastels. Then you need to wet it in a solution of isinglass and water. When the paper is completely dry, create a pastel. Then carefully put the reverse side on the water. It should be noted that water should be very clean. Hold the paper at both ends to get wet evenly, and the water was not filled in on the front side of the pastel. After the pastel will get soaked through, remove it from the water surface and allow to dry.
There was also a method, which is described artist Pointelin. He shook off the excess paint with light strikes, on the left side of the picture. This is done several times: at the stage of placement and after completion of work. After the last off you need to bring the work to perfection strokes. Now your pastels will not crumble against knocks and friction.
The methods of the artists of the past quite time consuming, so they are not suitable for someone just learning to work with pastels. Better to look at art stores special fixative, which is produced in the form of a spray. Modern fixers make the least damage to the color and texture of the figure to fix the pastel. For fixing pastel fixative is sprayed onto the surface from a distance of 30 centimeters. Paper, on which is painted a pastel should not be wet, otherwise the pastel will be spoiled. Do not go overboard with fixative, two or three light sprays will be enough. If your pastel has multiple layers, it is better to fix it in layers. In the end, you need to correct any change in color or texture. If your work has a simple structure (single layer, ie linear), it is better to fix on the back side of the drawing. This is especially true for pastels, done on thin paper.
There is another easy way of fixing dry pastels, which is to blur the picture with water using art brushes. If you need to use pattern traces of the brush, it is better to take the brush from the bristles. Hydration pastel pattern gives a striking result. Pastel becomes something of a cross between watercolor painting and pastel. This is done simply. First superimposed a thick layer of pastels on watercolor paper. Then it is sprinkled with water from the dispenser, and subsequent layers of pastel are applied to wet paper. If you need to enhance the color, apply several layers of pastels on the same place, moistening it after each layer.
Fixatives tend to darken colors and clean pastel velvety texture. If you are dealing with an unfamiliar brand of pastel fixative, it is better to apply it first on a test drawing. You will understand what to expect from this top coat.
Useful advice
If you use fixative, fixing pastel in layers, always wait for the complete drying of the work before applying the following layer.

Advice 2: How to draw with pastels

Pastel is used in painting and in graphics. To be able to reveal the advantages of the material in your picture, learn the basic techniques of working with crayons and learn how to choose the right paper and fixative.
How to draw with pastels
You will need
  • - pastel;
  • paper;
  • - fixative.
Before you pick up chalk pastels, pick up the paper for drawing. From its quality directly affects the appearance of the picture and durability. Pastel is best rests on the special abrasive paper for paint, on a velvet paper and textured paper for pastels. The color of the paper is usually in accordance with the colors of the picture. On a white background pastel looks quite dull, so it is better to choose more saturated hues of the basics.
Experienced artists can start drawing without a preliminary sketch. If you are not confident appeal with soft materials, it is better to make a sketch. A simple pencil for this purpose are not suitable – pastel bad it falls on. It is better to take the charcoal or pastel chalk. Coal will need to brush away from the paper that there was only a slight trace. Otherwise black powder will mix with subsequent layers.
And oil and dry pastel work from the General to the particular. First you need to fill in the color of the background and large objects. To make a uniform fill, take small flat. Dry pastels can be smudged with your fingers. Oil pounded harder, you can use the brush or wet brush.
If you need to fix invalid barcode, delete it before you start to blend the pastel. Dry can be brushed off with a rag, a dry brush or "wet" eraser-clacky. Oil pastels you can try to remove a bristle brush or gently scrape off the wrong line blade.
More important elements of the picture make it more clear, not blur their boundaries. Distinct lines and dots can be drawn with a sharp corner of the chalk or pastel pencils. It is possible to scratch the outlines of some elements of the needle that was the color of the paper base.
Finished pastel paintings must be fixed. For this purpose it is sprayed 2-3 coats of fixative. Instead of specific products you can use hairspray. However, after this procedure, the picture may be darker. To know what the result will be, before starting work, apply strips of pastels of all shades on the paper and paint. Next put a spot of the same shades, but do not attach. After drying the fixative compare the shades and consider the results of this experiment while painting.
Drawing oil pastel sometimes leave loose. But then it is inserted in a frame under glass (the glass should not touch the paper). Pastel drawings in the albums you need to protect sheets of tracing paper.
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