Instruction

1

Determine which dynamic variables you need to calculate: chain, baseline or average for the entire analyzed period. Chain are referred to as indicators of the intensity value changes from period to period or from date to date within the borders of the analyzed period. Benchmarks relate to the period defined as a base usually is the initial level values in the analyzed period. The pace

**of growth**is expressed in percentage to baseline or previous period. If it is expressed by a simple relationship between the two comparands, then it is called the coefficient**of growth**.2

Determine absolute values with

The basic factor

KB = P /,

The coefficient of chain

KC = P i/P-1 , where:

P – current absolute value with

**growth**indicators (P), they are equal to the difference of the two compared levels. The coefficient**of growth**(K I), chain or base, calculate as a ratio of current values to previous or base period.The basic factor

**of growth**(KB) is equal to:KB = P /,

The coefficient of chain

**growth**(KC) is equal to:KC = P i/P-1 , where:

P – current absolute value with

**the growth**of values, the value of the index base period, P-1 – the absolute values of the previous period.3

Express the ratio

Tr = Ki * 100%.

**of growth**in interest and you will get the value**of temp**and**growth**(Tr):Tr = Ki * 100%.

4

Semantic and statistical load base and chain

**- paced**and**growth**different. With the help of benchmarks can reflect intensity changes over the entire period since the start of the measurements. By chain**the pace of**s**growth**rate changes in fixed time intervals. In General,**the pace****of growth**shows the percentage level of the current period is from the initial, baseline value of the indicator. It is easy to see that the product of the value chain**the pace of**s**growth**should be equal to the base**tempo**from**growth**over the period.Useful advice

For analytical calculations is used or the growth factor or the growth rate, in essence they are identical, and are expressed only in different units of measurement.