The address bar located at the top of any browser, be it Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Opera, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari or any other browser. For example, the site www.kakprosto.ru – this is the domain. DomainNoe name can be recorded as a reduction of the WWW at the beginning, and without it.
In fact, everything is not as easy as it seems. Addressing all computers in the global network are recorded using a special address from 4-12 digits – IP. The figures are divided into 4 groups of one, two or three digits, for example 255.120.16.1. Each site has its own IP, and domain names invented for the convenience of typing the address of the website, otherwise you would have to memorize a digital value of each URL. Also, as a single computer or server can have only one IP address at a time, I was looking to host multiple sites at the same time. With the advent of the domains this problem has been solved, and the so-called "hosting services".
If we consider the domain from a professional point of view, it is not a URL, and the area in which the site is located or the category to which it belongs. Domaintion area is written after the last dot in the address of the website. So .EN means the ownership of the site to the Russian Federation. The materials on this site are written in Russian. Domains such as .DE (Germany).US (USA).UA (Ukraine).UK (great Britain).KZ (Kazakhstan).IT (Italy) and other domain zones, indicate the language of the site and country. A list of ccTLDs can be found on Wikipedia: http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Список_национальных_доменов_верхнего_уровня
Also there are domains indicating the type of the organization: .EDU (Education), .The MIL (Army), .ORG (Nonprofit organization), .COM (Commercial organization), .GOV (the Government).BIZ (Business).TV (Television) and so on. There is also a domain zone .NET, which was originally a network of sites, so-called intranets, and later moved to the Internet.
Advice 2: How to know ip domain name
When you connect to the Internet, your computer is allocated a unique network ID IP address. Knowing the ip of a network resource, it is possible to gather about him some information. In particular, to determine the service provider to locate or find out the domain name – in that case, if we are talking about the website.
To find out ip address domain name of a resource, use one of the specialized network services. For example, this: http://url-sub.ru/tools/web/iphost/ Enter in a field you are interested in the ip, click "Learn". In the box you will see the desired domain name.
If you need to reverse the procedure, i.e. to know the ip address of the domain, this can be done in two ways. First: use network services. For example, the above-mentioned resource: http://url-sub.ru/tools/web/hostip/ Enter domain name, click "Learn". You will see the ip address for this domain.
You can determine the ip address you are interested in the resource by using the ping command. For example, you want to determine the address of the Yandex: http://www.yandex.ru/ Open a command prompt: "start" - "All programs" - "Accessories" - "Command prompt". Enter: ping www.yandex.ru and press Enter. Will start pinging the site, already in the first line you will see the ip address of the resource: 188.8.131.52.
If you need to know where is the physical location you are interested in computer, you can use services like geo IP. For example, this: http://www.ip-ping.ru/ipinfo Try to enter in the search box above ip address with Yandex and evaluate information. You will see not only the location of the server, but also all the related information.
Sometimes you may need to know what IP addresses are connected to your computer. To do this, you can take advantage of the Windows operating system. Again open a command prompt, type netstat –aon. Press Enter. You will see a list of existing connections.
In the column "Local address" you can check addresses and ports on your computer through which you are connecting. The column "Foreign address" shows the address of the remote computer and the port number is used. By using the above-mentioned services, you can determine the location of that computer and the service provider from which you are connecting.