Advice 1: How to learn to match by ear notes

Selection for hearing – one of the types of exercises in the classroom solfege. In practical terms this skill is needed when "perennate of musical pieces, the notes of which to get difficult or impossible. The ability to quickly pick up the product largely determines the professionalism of a musician.
How to learn to match by ear notes
Instruction
1
The ability to pick up notes by ear cannot be considered separately from other theoretical disciplines. In other words, you cannot find a chord without knowing the notes. Therefore, the first discipline you need to learn basic music theory.
Except for the names of the notes under this subject examines the range of tonalities, keys, the basics of musical language.
2
Write dictation on solfeggio: from simple to complex four-part monophonic, with the development of hearing. To do this, ask a musician friend or teacher to play on the piano the melody of their 4-8 bars and not looking at the sheet music and on the keyboard, record the melody in the music.
The melody is played 8-12 times, depending on the complexity of the dictation and student's level. Before recording the pupil determines the size and mood, and the teacher calls the tone. In some cases, for the development of absolute hearing, pitch is determined by the student.
If the teacher can not find, play and record dictations in the audio files and play. Be honest with yourself: do not memorize the notes of the melodies.
3
When selecting hearing dictations from two or more votes, and songs, listen first the lower voice the bass. Songs in variety genres usually (but not always), it plays a take chord. In the selection of songs, among other things, the second time you try to play along with the recording, duplicating bass in accessible tool.
On the basis of a selection of bass tunes and henchmen is much easier: it becomes obvious that the sound of the melody belong to the current chord or non-chord is.
4
Exercise every day. Pick up completely at least one song a week, but with the development of increase the amount to seven songs. Long breaks in the classroom impact on the development of hearing.
5
Complicate the task: define hearing not only the chords and the melody, but the instrument. Write out the party each instrument on a separate mill. Sing the melody to harder to remember.

Advice 2 : How to choose your tone

Beginners are often faced with the fact that to sing in that tone, which is written in the accompaniment, it is inconvenient. The melody in this case you will have to transpose, that is, to move in a different tone and then for her to find new chords. But first, you need to determine what the tone will be convenient for you.
How to choose your tone
You will need
  • - piano or the synthesizer;
  • - the instrument on which you are going to play the accompaniment;
  • - table of scales, chords and arpeggios
  • - sheet of music paper;
  • pencil.
Instruction
1
Define the range of his voice. Sing the scale. Sounds can you not call and sing them on any syllable like "La-La-La" or "tra-TA-TA." Some sounds you will be singing comfortably, others not so good, and others will be either too high or too low.
2
Find on the keyboard the highest sound you can sing even if you sing it with a lot of stress. Write him notes or letters. For example, FA of the second octave. Similarly, find the audio below which you will not be able to take anything. Let it be Sol of the small octave. Thus, your full range is the distance of the Sol of the small octave and FA second.
3
Sing the scale from the lowest sound to the highest and Vice versa. Please note that the sound located near the extreme that you sing is not very convenient. Determine the lowest and the highest of them. Uncomfortable usually three or four notes in the top and bottom of the full range. In this example, this is likely to be to the first octave and the second re. This interval and is a comfortable range for you.
4
View the notes of the song you are going to learn. Determine which part of the stave is a big part of its constituent sounds and how this part fits your range. A few notes located in an accessible but not very convenient part of the scale you take, if you know how to control the breath. But most of them you have to take without strain.
5
If the vast majority of the song is out of your range, try transposing the melody. Define the tone in which it is written. This is done on the key characters and the last note. View the table of scales, chords and arpeggios, what key matches the data key signs. To distinguish major from minor key can sound. Major sounds cheerful and fun, minor — sad and lyrically.
6
Determine how much you need to lower the high-pitched songs that you will be able to take it. Figure out what stage the original key it corresponds to. It will be on the same level of the desired tone. Count a corresponding number of stages and define a tonic.
7
View what interval are the tonic of the original and new keys. On the same interval, transfer all other sounds and record them. Similarly transporoute accompaniment chords.
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