Before driving you need to start and warm up engine. In freezing temperatures the best time of warming up of the engine is considered to be 15-20 minutes. When severe frosts - up to half an hour. If the engine is diesel, the time of heating increases by 7-10 minutes.
An important role plays fit in the car. Sitting down, you should rest back in the seat-back. Hands on the wheel should be slightly bent. Hands you should be free to get to the dashboard, gear boxes. Slide the seat so that your feet can reach the pedals without moving the case. The feet should not be much bent at the knees.
With the engine running, look at the dashboard. There reflects the current status of consumables of the vehicle. If a bulb has been burning oil, then it should pour. View the rest of the petrol, maybe it is time to wrap up at the gas station. If you have on-Board computer, view its data. All system errors will be immediately displayed.
After sufficient engine warm-up, you can start the movement. Switch on the low beam, seat belt, close the Central locking. Before driving view in the side mirror, make sure that the machines on the trajectory of your movement there or you miss. Turn on the Blinker.
If you have a manual transmission, depress the clutch, put it in first gear, drop the handbrake and smoothly releasing the clutch, press the gas pedal. A little overclocking and switch second gear. Then proceed to the traffic.
If you have an automatic gearbox, press the brake pedal. Slide the gear lever from the Parking position to the Drive position. Keep your foot on the brake pedal. The machine will start the slow movement. Adjust the acceleration of the car the gas pedal.
If you just sat in the car and immediately start it and try to go — this will lead to rapid failure of the clutch or the gearbox (these are the mechanisms which newcomers are "buried" in the first place). Before you start training, make sure that the machine is on the "handbrake". Otherwise not excluded spontaneous beginning of movement of the vehicle.
Before you start moving, be sure to carefully view forward, sides and back, not only through the rearview mirror, but through the glass, it is necessary in order to ensure that no interference to traffic (vehicles, pedestrians, animals, etc.).
Advice 2 : How to learn to start the car
Getting traffic is the most difficult thing in the beginning of learning to drive a car. But the first time is rarely possible to achieve smooth running. If you understand the principle and to learn to feel the engine work, it turns out, there is nothing complicated.
To drive in a car with a manual transmission – the first element that begin to fulfill the students at the driving school. And really, in another way. But here starts the first problem – the machine twitches, hums and stalls. But, if done correctly and consistently, and you will cease to notice how went.
On cars with manual gearbox to start the movement is necessary to squeeze the clutch, engage first speed, and, pressing the clutch pedal to press the gas pedal. Like anything complex. Now analyze in detail all the errors.
When you start to press the gas pedal, the clutch pedal you need to gradually let go. But happens so that the clutch continues to hold, fueling and increasing the speed, or dramatically drop, not starting motion and the engine stalls.
Follow the tachometer. You can start a little povazovat, watching the arrow. You need to understand what value of the tachometer is sufficient speed in order for the car started.
The clutch and gas to squeeze simultaneously, with the same force. If you suddenly feel that the clutch pressed too much, again press the pedal. Your main task – to move smoothly and not stall. Don't need much gas. If you give a lot of gas, and the clutch pedal must be pressed very quickly. And touched you with slip.
You need not to miss the moment when will be recruited the required speed, the machine will begin to make the leap. Grip down almost to the end. But a little bit keep until the car will pass a couple of meters. And only then can we let go of the clutch completely.
To understand in what place you can loosen the clutch pedal will help a simple exercise. Turn on first speed. The gas pedal not press. Start slowly release the clutch pedal. At some point, the car slowly moved. But you need to remember in which position the clutch pedal the car starts moving.
Advice 3 : How to learn to ride a car
Study in a driving school does not guarantee that you will learn how to professionally drive a car. You will be given a theoretical and practical base of knowledge with which the first days on the road will be very difficult. Improving skills should be carried out with someone experienced that can point out mistakes and teach the design elements and the technical details.
Join the road every day. Unless you have muscle memory, you need to roll more hours of driving. It may even be trolling around a deserted Parking lot or a leisurely ride along a country road. Your goal is to get used to the car, to automate the acceleration, braking, straight line path of movement, to get used to the machine dimensions.
Get rid of psychological clips and fears. Your lack of confidence causes mistakes and resentment of other road users. Hang on your rear window sign "the student behind the wheel" (exclamation point in yellow square). For other drivers it would be a sign that you do not need to do sharp maneuvers and transitions, zooming in response to your slowness. If at some point you feel that losing control over the situation, activate the alarm and pull over. Take rest, think and take the road.
Learn to predict the actions of the members of the movement. You should always keep under control everything that happens around your car. The car in front you have to count on two forwards. If there's a truck that blocked the view, outrun it or move on. Otherwise there may be a situation when a car going in the front, dramatically rebuilt before the arisen obstacle, and you do not have time.
The most difficult students call work with a manual transmission and rebuild in heavy traffic. Mastering the "mechanics" requires more time, but the driving pleasure you get is also greater. Plus the manual gearbox is more comfortable and safer in the winter. Rebuilding in heavy traffic requires the driver feelings of speed and distance. You have to learn to accelerate to the speed of the flow, hold it and regroup at a safe distance.