Advice 1: How to top up distilled water in battery

Battery (rechargeable battery), perhaps one of the most important parts in the equipment of the vehicle. It is responsible for starting the engine in all conditions, all electrical components and devices. On injection engines the correct operation of the battery depends on the condition of the ECU (electronic engine control unit), since electronic fuel injection, battery evens out voltage spikes that appear in the process of operation of the generator.
How to top up distilled water in battery
You will need
  • Distilled water, syringe, glass tube with a diameter of about 5mm, the charger from 0.05-1.5 A.
Instruction
1
First you need to measure the level of the electrolyte. For this you need to Unscrew the tube on the upper surface of the battery (good wide screwdriver), insert a glass tube the size of a ballpoint pen in one of the compartments and plunge it to the bottom. To shield the finger the upper hole of the tube and pull it out, the level of electrolyte in the tube equals the level in the battery (normal 13-15 mm), if higher, then you should suck up the excess electrolyte with a syringe, below – so time to top up distilled water.
2
Suck clean water into the syringe and pour 5-10 ml into each of the six sections of the battery. Thus, to achieve the desired level of electrolyte in the battery.
3
Take a special charger, connect it to the battery without closing the tube. This is necessary if there is too much electrolyte, it will be where to flow out. First 3-4 times to charge and discharge a battery to restore capacity. Then set the current device to charge at 0.1 A and monitor the voltage at the terminals. It is impossible to prevent boiling or overheating of the battery, if necessary, to reduce the charging current. Normal voltage when fully charged should be 13.9-14.5 V. to Further reduce the current to 0.05 A and continue to charge. If in the next 2 hours, the voltage remains the same – to stop to charge!
4
To close the lid. For greater reliability to withstand the battery about 12 hours. Then begin to operate. The battery is ready to go!
Note
During maintenance of the battery can not forget about their own safety. You should strictly observe the elementary rules of precaution. Battery contains sulfuric acid and flammable explosive gas, while working to stay away from open flames.
Useful advice
In the process of operation and maintenance of the battery, its surface is better cleaned with a cloth dampened with ammonia or a solution of water with baking soda. Especially effective it helps when the surface of the battery enters the electrolyte.

Advice 2 : How to add water to the battery

When "boiling" batteries (battery) decreases the level and increases the density of the electrolyte. If time does not take the necessary measures, the battery will eventually lose its capacity. To restore these figures can, if you add water to the battery.
How to add water to the battery
You will need
  • distilled water
Instruction
1
Clean the surface of battery
Surface cleaning of batteries is necessary for several reasons. First, the surface may be contaminated splashed sulfuric acid, that is unsafe for working and his clothes, and secondly, dirt may get inside the battery and cause it damage, thirdly, to work in clean pleasant. To clean the surface just gently wipe with a damp cloth, it is better moistened with a solution of baking soda. The deepening of upper lid, especially around the tubes (or water holes), clean better with a match.
2
Add water
Pour only distilled water in those banks where the electrolyte level below the minimum mark. To determine this in a semi-transparent battery can be "risks" on the sides of the body. Inside water holes tides, indicating the upper and lower levels. If no tag, you should focus on a higher level of 10-15 mm above top of plates. Add water to the battery is best using a blower, a large medical syringe, or by using aerometer (or rather outer bulb) to measure the density of the electrolyte.
3
To measure the electrolyte density
The density of the electrolyte after the flushed water is not restored immediately. This is because in a battery between the plates has a number of small intervals, and mixing of fluids is very slow (sometimes the density is equalized in a few weeks). So, after add water, the battery settles within a few hours. Only then, the densities closer to the real, and it can be measured. For accurate determination of density is necessary to make several measurements at equal intervals of time. And if the difference between the present and previous measurements is negligible, the battery is ready for operation after recharging.

Advice 3 : How to top up electrolyte batteries

The battery of the car is its most important node, and a source of DC voltage needed to operate all of the electrical devices of the car and start the engine. The battery consists of six cells connected in series, each of which consists of four positive and five negative plates. All the elements are placed in a six-chamber tank and filled with electrolyte. It must be periodically refilled.
How to top up electrolyte batteries
Instruction
1
Electrolyte for battery is sulfuric acid (GOST 667-53) and distilled water (GOST 6709-53). For normal operation the battery must maintain a certain density of the electrolyte, which in the climatic conditions of Central Russia is 1.28 g/cm, However, in the process of using the battery the electrolyte level in the battery is changed, the density increases or decreases, which invariably leads to rapid discharge of the battery, and sometimes to breakage.
2
Experienced motorists renew the batteries by adding them to the electrolyte. For this, it is first necessary to prepare the electrolyte, which would require and 0.36 l sulfuric acid and 1 liter of distilled water. In the absence of distilled water you can use snow melt water or rain water that settles in non-metallic vessels. Tap water for making electrolyte cannot be used due to the presence of impurities of different metals, which lead to the deterioration of the battery.
3
Take a non-metallic bowl (ceramic or hard rubber Cup, lead the bowl) and pour it in 1 liter of distilled water, then pour in the water 0,36 l sulfuric acid in small portions, stirring continuously. Ready electrolyte close the lid and leave it on for 15-20 hours to fell a whole sediment.
4
Measure the electrolyte level in the battery. Dip a glass tube with a diameter of 3-5 mm in the fill hole of the battery until it stops and plug the top hole of the tube with your finger. Pull it away from the battery. The height of the column of electrolyte in the tube shows the level in the battery.
5
If you need to raise the electrolyte level, remove the filler plug, put it on fitting the vents as tightly as possible and fill the battery with distilled water up to the threads of the filler hole. Then remove the tube and put it in place. Charge the battery.
6
Measure the electrolyte density with a hydrometer car, suck the pear liquid from the battery. If the electrolyte density is less than required, the battery pour the prepared electrolyte, draining the extra mixture with pears. Typically, the electrolyte in batteries made up of the usual distilled water to the required level.
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