Advice 1: How to collect feces for dysbacteriosis in infants

With about three weeks of age, many babies begin to disturb pains in her tummy. This may be a physiological process which manifests itself in the form of intestinal colic and bloating. But if to the above symptoms include frequent vomiting, liquid and frequent stools with mucus, green, blood streaks or, on the contrary, the child has frequent constipation, rashes on the skin, often the diagnosis for such symptoms is: dysbacteriosis of the intestine.
How to collect feces for dysbacteriosis in infants
You will need
  • - Clean oilcloth diaper;
  • - Sterile container or test tube for collecting faeces;
  • - A gas outlet tube;
  • - Mineral oil;
  • Skill massage the tummy of the baby.
Instruction
1
How to collect a fecal analysis of intestinal microbiota of an infant?
The collection of material for analysis, in this case the feces, produced in the first half of the day.
If the baby defecates daily, at the same time, remove his diaper and place a clean draw sheet. Wait until will be emptied of the bowel.
2
To help the child, you can give him a belly massage. Put your palm on the navel area, and with light pressure, in circular motion in a clockwise direction, massage the tummy. Your hand should be dry and warm, the baby has not experienced any discomfort from the massage. Periodically press down the legs, with bent knees to the stomach. Stimulation to defecate and is placing the baby on his stomach.
3
If the baby for some reason there is no independent chair or he suffers from constipation, it to cal by the stimulation of the anus. Mom can use for this purpose the vapor tube. For this procedure, spread the oilcloth, she put the baby on his back or right side, bend your legs at the knees. The tip of the tube is smeared with vaseline oil and inserted into the anus of a child 0.5-1 cm In 2-3 minutes there is a bowel movement intestine. If not, do the baby massage and tummy exercises as described above. After 15-20 minutes, repeat stimulation of the vapor tube.
4
Collect feces with a plastic spoon in a sterile container. The amount of collected feces should be approximately 5-10 grams (1-2 teaspoons). When collecting material for analysis, it is important to keep the sterility, all manipulations to be made after a thorough hand washing.
5
Sign on the container the name and age of child. You also need to specify the collection time of the feces.
6
Be delivered to the laboratory the container with the cal must be within 3-4 hours after its intake.

For a short time, the container should be placed in the refrigerator.
Note
Do not freeze the tube with the feces.
Material collected the day before are not eligible for the study.

You can't use as a stimulant of bowel movement enema and laxatives, suppositories to in the laboratory, there was no material impurities.
Useful advice
To transport the tube with the feces in the lab in the summer, better in the cold, you can use headpace.

Advice 2: Symptoms of dysbiosis in infants

Dysbiosis, or violation of the intestinal microflora has a negative effect on the whole digestive tract. Especially dangerous dysbiosis in infants. To diagnose and treat the disease needs a pediatrician or a gastroenterologist, but there are symptoms which suggest a problem maybe the boy's mother.
Symptoms of dysbiosis in infants

How to identify a goiter in an infant



In the intestine of the newborn child missing both beneficial and harmful microorganisms. The colonization of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli starts with birth and ends around the month of baby's life. In children, breastfeeding, this process is faster. In babies, the main diet of which is milk mixture, the formation of intestinal microflora may be delayed.

However, the colonization of bacteria occurs in the right proportion. In the best case, the baby may be disturbed balance of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli, at worst − in the gut may be harmful microorganisms. All of this leads to problems with digestion and, as a consequence, the loss of weight and poor health of the baby.

Typical signs of dysbiosis in infants are:
- frequent vomiting;
- food refusal or poor weight gain with good appetite;
- bloating;
- foam chair;
- excessive flatulence;
- constipation or, conversely, frequent watery speed;
slime, the green, or the lumps of undigested food in the feces;
- pain in the abdomen, worse during and after feeding.

Well as intestinal dysbiosis could indicate indirectly skin rashes not responding to treatment with antihistamines, thrush in the mouth, poor sleep and increased anxiety crumbs.
The presence of even one of these signs of dysbiosis is an occasion for examination of the baby.


A treatment of dysbiosis in infants



A treatment of dysbiosis in infants can only be done under medical supervision. The use of folk remedies is inadmissible, as can lead to unpredictable consequences.
Before treatment and after its completion, to make crop of a feces on a dysbacteriosis.


The main method of treatment of dysbacteriosis is the intake of probiotics ("Linex", "hilak-Forte", "Bifidumbacterin", "Bifiform", "Lactobacterin", etc.). These drugs help in the short term to normalize the composition of intestinal microflora and improve the health of the child. In the presence of pathogenic micro-organisms may require treatment with antibacterial or antifungal agents. Additionally, the doctor may prescribe the child a multivitamin preparations.

In addition, the correction power of the mother (if the child is breastfed) and toddlers. From the diet should exclude foods that trigger a negative reaction from the crumbs.

Advice 3: How to collect stool in an infant

Delivery of fecal analysis - is a common procedure for young children. Examination of feces gives you the ability to determine irregularities in the functioning of internal systems of child organism. The collection of feces in infants can cause serious difficulty for the parents since the kid isn't able to use the potty. There are some tricks to facilitate this task.
Abdominal massage will help the baby to empty the bowel

Container for collecting feces



Collecting feces is made into a sterile container. It can be purchased at any pharmacy. Now there are containers with a spoon attached to the lid. They are very convenient to use.
The alternative - glass jar small size. It should be well washed and scalded.

The collection of feces



The most common method of collecting feces in infants - take it from the diaper. Pediatricians are advised to utilize the disposable gauze diaper. After baby poop, gently collect material from the surface of the diaper. For the collection of feces is possible to use the potty if the toddler has already begun to land on him. After six months babies are given to understand impending defecation, and attentive adult can catch this moment. Thoroughly rinse the pot and pour over boiling water.

Hard or soft feces collect with a spoon attached to a sterile container. You can use another object such as a disposable plastic spoon. It is recommended to collect different portions: the center, top and bottom. It will be enough to collect feces for the volume is incomplete teaspoon.

To collect liquid stool much harder. For this purpose, medical oilcloth. Spread it under the baby. For collecting liquid faeces is also possible to use a pediatric catheter bag. It is sold in pharmacies. It is a small plastic sterile package. It has a hole for the collection analysis and duct tape, with which the bag is attached to the body of the baby. When the baby poop, pour collected in the container.

How to store the collected material



It is recommended to take the study on a fresh analysis. However, to get the baby to poop at a certain time is difficult. Therefore, an analysis in the refrigerator (no more than 12 hours). Please note that the fecal dysbiosis and pathogenic microflora only fresh. You can use the methods of stimulation of the process of bowel movement in order to collect the analysis.

How to stimulate bowel movements



To cause a bowel movement helps the vapor tube. One end smeared with a fat cream and is inserted into the rectum of the baby. After the jeep is empty his bowels. If it is unsuccessful, you can repeat the action in 15 - 20 minutes.
Make the baby a stimulating massage. Warm hands gently massage the belly around the bellybutton in a clockwise direction. This occasionally hold the baby's legs to the tummy. When severe constipation is being used by another massage. Three fingers put in the baby tummy around the navel. The middle finger over popochkoy, index and ring below (they should be located at the same level). To form a triangle. Massage these points clockwise.

Advice 4: Wheezing in infants: when to sound the alarm

The baby in the family is an inexhaustible source of happiness, joy and of course worry and anxiety. The newly minted mom and dad follow every breath of the baby. The slightest discrepancy norms can cause real panic. For example, wheezing in infants can seriously puzzle the mother of the baby.
Wheezing in infants: when to sound the alarm

The period of adaptation



The baby in the first months of existence is going through a difficult period of adaptation to the world. Most occur in the body the processes of life are not like in adults, the formed people.

Respiratory, gastrointestinal systems, principles of heat transfer, and other vital body functions are still under development and improvement. As nature intended, the child naturally, through a special mode of operation of the body, could smoothly and easily adapt to the outside world. Therefore, most of the phenomena that can cause anxiety of parents, is not a pathology. Rather, it is the norm for the proper development of the baby.

Causes of wheezing in baby



The occurrence of wheezing in infants may occur due to a number of extraneous factors. First of all, newborns are very sensitive to the climate in the house, namely the qualitative composition of the air in the surrounding space. The dust contained in the atmosphere, particularly dangerous for infants due to the fact that the nasal passages have such crumbs of physiologically still very narrow. Therefore, the dust particles settling on the surfaces accumulate in the nose, forming crusts. It is preventing the baby normally to inhale and exhale the air, and he begins to wheeze. In this case, get rid of the causes of wheeze will not be easy. Enough to review policies and rules of child care.

Major mistakes done by parents for the benefit of, as it seems, the child is able to lead to wheezing, is this: the lack of regular fresh air by airing the nursery, insufficient walking on the street, the higher air temperature in the room where the baby. Especially this "sin" parents of babies born in the winter.

Observe the child's behavior. If his General condition does not cause problems, kid normally eats and sleeps well, and not naughty for no apparent reason and he has no temperature, but in the process of breathing can be heard wheezing, start with inspection of the nose. And if they found brown, this is a signal to parents that the conditions of detention nursing infant is wrong and require adjustment. The correct temperature in the nursery should be kept at around 20-21 degrees, and the humidity level to be at least 50%. If it is not possible to purchase a quality air humidifier, make it a rule every day to conduct regular wet cleaning of all surfaces and the floor in the room. This will help not only to avoid the occurrence of rales, but will warn against other possible diseases.

If crust is already formed, you need to help your child get rid of them by cleansing the nose. To do this, in each nasal passage should be injected once a moisturizing spray type Aquamarine, and gently remove the accumulated cotton torontohome.

However, if you experience other alarming symptoms, such as fever, General deterioration, incessant crying or coughing, are mandatory reasons for seeking medical attention. It specialist needs to establish the true causes of wheezing in the infant, and to appoint, if necessary, appropriate treatment. The manifestation of a sharp deterioration in the condition of the infant immediately call for help!
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