Advice 1: How to make a bench

The house will look more authentic if to it to attach the bench. This element not only serves for insulation of walls and protect them from freezing, but can become a gathering place for the household, as in ancient times, the bench and used as a bench.
How to make a bench
You will need
  • sawdust, boards, nails, tools, neskorenyi rail with a square cross-section (7x7 cm).
Obrapia house from all sides. If you want to give your home authenticity, remember - in a traditional Siberian house the bench is not made by that wall, where there is a door.
The ground should be cleaned of grass and roots.
To make along each wall smooth rectangular recess a depth of 5 cm, a width of 30-50 cm Width of a bench depends on whether you want to sit on it. But remember: it is desirable that the upper part of the bench was made of solid boards. Then inside will not penetrate the water. Given the angle of inclination of the upper part, equal to at least 30 cm, when the width of the bench is 50 cm Board should be equal to at least 58 see the Board very difficult to find.
Surmount neskorenykh slats frame for a future bench. To do this, attach the wall rail horizontally. She will go at a height of 50 cm above the ground.
In a recess in its perimeter also attach slats (a rectangle with one side attached to the house). Then nail to the wall of the house strips vertically (from top rack to bottom). They should be placed apart at a distance of about a meter.
Against every vertical slats put on the bottom of the recess the horizontal rail so that they split the rectangle into several parts.
Perpendicular to the ground and then fasten to the bottom rail vertical slats or bars. Their height should be less than the opposite part of the frame of the bench, nailed to the house. Remember - the angle of the top of the bench should be at least 30 cm from the ground.
On the vertical bars or slats, put another rack and secure it. The frame is ready. In the cross-section is a rectangle trapezium.
Upholster the frame sanded boards. You can process them with a special liquid that does not absorb moisture.
Fill the bench with sawdust and nail top. The bottom of the bench can also be covered with boards.
Don't do too much tilt the top of the bench, otherwise it is impossible to sit. Also, do not make a horizontal upper part. Otherwise snow and rain will not be able to roll, macerating boards and seeping inside the bench. This can lead to its freezing. Is not necessary to fill sawdust too tight. The air between them will provide additional insulation. Also if they get wet, they can swell so much that will break the design.
Useful advice
Boards should be sanded to a bench you could sit without risk to earn the pain. If you cannot find the upper Board of the necessary width, you can use two boards, while imposing on one another (like shingles or siding). This will protect the bench from water penetration.

Advice 2 : How to warm the bench

One of the most common ways of warming a wooden house – construction of the bench. It is a kind of fence that encompasses the entire building perimeter and creates an additional barrier. In the past the bench did the bulk between the walls of the house and fence covered earth, straw and natural insulation. Modern bench erected of timber, polystyrene and other construction materials. In addition, they are insulated.
How to warm the bench
You will need
  • - cement;
  • - sand;
  • - shovel;
  • water;
  • - expanded clay;
  • - liquid soap;
  • - insulation;
  • - polyurethane foam;
  • - special adhesive;
  • - exterior paint;
  • brush;
  • - brick or other finishing material.
Dig around the bench the trench. On the bottom pour a screed of concrete. The composition of the screed should be as follows: 3 parts sand, 0.8 parts water, 1 part cement and 6 parts of clay, and for better viscosity add a tablespoon of liquid soap.
Wait until the screed trench good clutch. Then install to the wall the bench sheets of insulation. Glue the sheets of insulation with a special adhesive, for example, "Fliesenkleber".
When installing insulation the gap between him and the wall Sainte foam. In case of plinth across the bench are communication (vent and sewer pipes), in their turns set the revision openings, which in the future will come in handy for cleaning.
After gluing the Styrofoam or other insulation oil the surface of the insulating material a thin layer of glue: it is necessary to ensure that the insulation is stuck to the solution. After this install shuttering boards and fill the structure with concrete. As a result, the insulation of the bench is completely isolated from the effects of adverse external factors, including moisture and rodents.
Finish can be made according to your desire, that is, any used for external finishing material. The most common option – plastering warmed the bench, and then colouring this design acrylic exterior paint. In addition, warmed the bench can impose facade cladding with brick, natural stone or special ceramic tiles.
Do not proceed with painting until until dry plastered surface.
Useful advice
A prudent owner not only warmed the bench and the walls of your home, but also take care about the insulation of the floor and ceiling. In other words, he will do everything to ensure that his home was warmer and cozier.
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