You will need
- Natural materials, moisture absorbers
One way to reduce humidity in the rooms – the use of heating appliances and special sorbents. However, this can have negative consequences. First of all, the use of heating devices leads to additional power consumption. Secondly, you should avoid excessive drying of the air as comfortable for humans humidity is around 50%, while lower moisture content may adversely affect the cardiovascular system.
Install indoor quality Windows. It is desirable that this was a two - or three-chambered double-glazed Windows. This glass good saves heat and also prevents the formation of condensation on the Windows. Please note that quality should be not only the glass but also the window frame.
Ventilate the room frequently. Leakproof than the window, the less it fresh air. It is best to ventilate the apartment three times a day for 15-30 minutes. At night it is desirable to leave open the window, for example, in the kitchen. This will reduce the likelihood of condensation and reduce humidity. Unable to install on Windows, special vents.
Provide heat free access to Windows. Try not to hang the Windows with thick curtains and do not put on the window sills of many colors. Nothing should interfere with the free circulation of air in the room.
Get a special moisture absorbers and put them in locations exposed to dampness.
When producing in the apartment repairs, use natural materials, such as drywall or wood. They are good regulators of humidity. Drywall absorbs excess moisture from the air, and the lack of moisture it again allocates by adjusting the atmosphere in the room.
Advice 2: How to reduce humidity in the room
High humidity in the room leads to the constant damp and unhealthy climate. From moisture spoils the furniture, cover walls and ceilings, people begin to develop allergic reactions, it is therefore necessary to normalize the level of humidity in the room.
Purchase a dehumidifier. Devices for drying air automatically normalize the humidity and maintain a comfortable environment in the room. Pick a model with a high capacity of dehumidifying and auto mode – the unit is to maintain a certain level of humidity during the entire period of work.
Ensure good ventilation in the room. Several times a day to ventilate a room where the humidity exceeds the standard indicators. Arrange short-time drafts, but the intensity of the ventilation should be high.
Repair all faucets and other plumbing. Leaking taps, battery, and other designs increase air humidity, so replace obsolete parts or repair areas where there are leaks.
Reduce the number of home houseplants. Flowers and miniature trees to increase the area of evaporation of moisture in the room – the water evaporates from the leaves and moist soil. Give preference to plants that are resistant to drought and reduce the total number of flowers.
Organize a good system of heating. Heating in the cold season it should work all the time – intermittent (e.g., overnight) increase the humidity and promote the formation of moisture on the walls and ceiling.
Control exhaust equipment room. The need for installation of air vent is dictated by the norms of the humidity level – if the source of moisture is a plate with constant fumes or shower, the building exhaust structures is necessary. Ventilation should ensure the removal of exhaust steam and to regulate the humidity level.
Choose the "right" finish for walls. Considering different options for finishing of walls, ceiling and floor, prefer natural finishing materials that absorb excess moisture (drywall, wood).
Wet cleaning complete dry wiping. Washing floors, dusting and other household activities using water should be to complete a mandatory drying – walk on the surfaces of a piece of dry cloth with good absorbing properties.
Advice 3: How to determine the humidity of the air in the room
In order for your apartment or house is kept healthy microclimate, it is necessary to monitor not only the temperature of the air in the room, but also for its humidity. Dry air can lower immunity and make it vulnerable to different kinds of colds. Therefore, the determination of moisture in the air of the room is quite important.
You will need
- - the psychrometer;
- - hygrometer;
- - gauze;
- - psychometric table;
- - candle;
- - matches;
- - birch or pine sliver.
Perhaps the simplest and most reliable method of determining the moisture content of the air is to use special measuring devices psychrometer or hygrometer. According to the principle of hygrometers are divided into several types - film, hair, weight and others. The device can be used both in residential and warehouse premises, as well as in greenhouses, cattle and poultry farms.
Psychrometer allows you to measure how the humidity and temperature of the air in the room. The device simple room device includes 2 alcohol thermometer and a table for reading. To purchase any of the devices can be in specialized stores.
If for whatever reason you can't use devices, but you have a psychometric table to determine the humidity of air room you can use a mercury thermometer. Measure the temperature of the air in the room and record the readings. Take cheesecloth and soak it in water. Tightly wrap the thermometer head and leave for 10 minutes. Clear indications. Subtract the first number from the second. The difference between the readings of the thermometer will determine the relative humidity of the air at a special table.
To determine the moisture, you can also use ordinary people's ways. For example, the fact that the air in the room is too dry, you can understand just watching the plants. If the tips of the leaves of your "green Pets" first become brown and then dry up or do the leaves curl and shrink, it clearly demonstrates the lack of moisture in the air. Other symptoms include abscission of buds and defeat of plant pests such as thrips, spider mites and whiteflies.
Take a pine or a birch twig. Put it on the floor and leave it for a week. Try to break the sliver. If this will make a dry crackling sound, then the room is too dry. If the sliver breaks without any sounds, the humidity of the air in the room is normal. If puppies only bends and does not break, the humidity increased. It should be noted that such a measurement method is more suitable for non-residential premises.
Light a match or candle and watch the flame. If the flame burns vertically, the humidity increased. When humidity is low, as a rule, the flame falls back in different directions, and around him formed a crimson halo.