Advice 1: How to defend water for aquarium

Water – the cradle of life. We are all familiar with this statement, however, in the process of our evolution, have learned to use such waterthat is able to kill certain living beings – such as aquarium fish. In principle, for aquariums, you can use any drinking, but, in any case, not mineral water. However, only after pre-treatment and settling. How to defend the water for the aquariumto fish it successfully lived and bred? There are a few simple rules.
How to defend water for aquarium
You will need
  • The water tank
Instruction
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The first thing to remember is that any fresh water from the tap, a well or wells for fish is not suitable. Tap water most often has a large proportion of impurities, including a large amount of chlorine. Water from a well or borehole is too hard. In any case, fresh water is the right temperature, which is necessary for the lives of fish. In principle, a small amount of water, if it is in your area is chlorinated, you can pour in the tank and without preparation. However, it would be better to defend it.
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What kind of water, except water, can be used for aquariums? If to fill in the tank you take the lake or river water, before use it must be heated to a temperature of +70 degrees to kill unwanted microorganisms. Urban rain or snow for aquariums not suitable, as it contains large amounts of harmful impurities. The use of rainwater or snow water from rural areas is possible, but it needs to be filtered.
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How to defend the water? Pour water to the aquarium into a large container with a wide mouth and cover the top with gauze. Defending water for several days to two weeks. The settling time depends on the quality of water in the region where you live. During this period, harmful impurities contained in water, will decompose or evaporate. If you just purchased an aquarium for the first time water can stand in it. And, in addition, that you will get a settled water, you also make sure that the tank is not leaking.
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How to determine that the water has settled enough? First try to replace all the water in the aquarium once, but only one-third. If the fish upon such substitution, the I feel fine – try to replace the water entirely. Watch for fish. Some aquarists go to the trick and changed the water first start cheap fish. And only if they are of good health – restore the rest.
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And finally, the last tip on how to determine that the water settles well: smell the water functioning habitats for fish. If it smells like a pleasant freshness – everything is fine. If the smell is unpleasant – something in the aquarium is not so. Among the reasons of an unpleasant smell, except water, which incorrectly upheld, failure to comply with the rules of aquarium care and dirty ground.

Advice 2: How to prepare water for aquarium

The aquarium is a transparent container for permanent keeping. The water in the aquarium plays a huge role in it living organisms and plants. Try to monitor the cleanliness of the water and adhere to recommendations.
How to prepare water for aquarium
You will need
  • The aquarium water and included instructions.
Instruction
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Before landing in new aquarium plants and fish should be prepared not only waterbut also the aquarium itself. Frame aquarium is washed thoroughly with warm room temperature water with baking soda or soap. Then fill it with water at room temperature, depending on the putty for a period of two to three to ten days. After two or three days repeat the procedure. Water should be changed two or three times, until no longer smell of paint.
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All-glass aquariums from organic glass washed with warm water with salt or 5% solution of acetic or hydrochloric acid. Then they again washed with warm water.
When filling a new aquarium , remember that it is first filled with water to half, and after two or three days topped up the water to the upper edge of the remained 4-8cm. thus pressure on the glass of the aquarium is increased gradually, and they do not burst.
Filling with water a small aquarium, under a stream should expose a wide plate, a hand, a piece of plywood, a sheet of cardboard so as not to erode the soil.
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A large aquarium it is better to fill through the hose. In this case the water should fall on a deep plate, put another plate, standing upside down on the ground.
Sometimes aquarists fill the tank with water immediately after planting and not before. In this case, when filling the aquarium with water you will have to use a funnel with a reflective plate.
For aquarium you need to find a coating (usually a thick glass). It will protect it from dust, will not allow the fish to jump out, will prevent too rapid cooling and evaporation of water. If indoor air is too dry, the aquarium can be used for moisture. In this case, the aquarium can not cover, but you need to reduce the water level, so that the fish could not to jump out of it.
For the inflow of air into the aquarium and to protect against rust steel frame coating is placed not on the walls of the aquarium, and a small stand with a height of 5-15mm. It can be pieces of eraser strips organic glass, clips made of non-oxidizable metal. But the aquarium, which contains fish, well able to jump or climb on the wall through the slot, must be firmly laid.
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How to make an aquarium beautiful.
The design of an internal part of the aquarium should be close to the natural habitat of fish, since we usually create the aquarium to have in the apartment area of nature. Sometimes you can see simulating a flooded city blocks of marble or of divers, from helmets which beat the air bubbles, but it is possible to allow only child in the nursery.
The aquarium is not for children should look as easy as possible on the outside and bright, but of course inside. All equipment and technical devices, it is desirable to hide. Generally, choosing decorations for the aquarium, you need to aim first, to recreate the natural pattern, emphasizing only the beauty of the main inhabitants of the aquarium fish and plants.
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Looks good soil, located by the stairs, and sprawling in the water, the sand can be reinforced with stones or hidden behind strips of glass.
Trays with flowers set along the back wall, create a good background. They can be placed steps ahead to plant low plants, and behind them high.
Another possible embodiment of a multi-tiered plant: low plants are planted in front, and large rear and sides. For fans of asymmetry it is possible to offer to put in front, almost at the front window, some kind of large plant in the middle or on the side to put a rock or a snag, while around the aquarium and let them grow plants of different sizes. When choosing remember that different plants require different lighting. Plants with similar requirements can be grouped on different levels and equipped terraces (steps), which are usually made of wood and stones. In the overall composition of your aquarium must be one or more eye-catching bright spots. Other decorative should not be evident, it is better to place in the background.
Sometimes the overall picture of the aquarium only has one eye-catching element. It should be a lush Bush plants, for example sagittarii Japanese or crypts. He needs to be seated slightly away from the centre of the aquariumso as not to create unpleasant to the eye symmetry, but also make room for feeding. Then the edges will look good plants with ribbon-like leaves, Vallisneria normal or branching canadian and peristaltika that are growing and creating a frame in the background. Multiple bushes, not cluttering up the middle of the aquarium and foreground, you can position Isoetes, spiralling Vallisneria, Marsilio; the soil should always have a pitch to the deepest place in a free, nesasanai part of the aquarium, where it will meet the dirt. On the surface of the water well to let riccia, Salvinia, and a few bushes the water cabbage or lyagushatnik.
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If you stand near two or three of the aquarium, when planting you need to think not only about the creation of the underwater landscape in each of them, but also on the General impression produced by a living area as a whole.
The greatest charms reaches underwater picture, of course, only when the plants begin to grow: oriented towards the light leaves, branches, occupying most brightly lit place, give the aquarium landscape more natural.
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For the reconstruction of the river landscape use rounded rocks to simulate rocks - flat stones of irregular shape, pieces without sharp edges. In aquariumx with digging the soil with fish large stones serving as a basis for high terraces, placed directly on the bottom, they are sometimes glued with epoxy or cement.
The stones, intended for the aquariumshould not contain metals and calcium salts. It is best to use stones of basaltic origin, as well as granite and some types of Sandstone. If the chemical composition of the stone is suspicious, it can be treated with hydrochloric acid, and gravel.
Look beautiful in an aquarium the roots and branches of trees. For decoration you can use driftwood, which has long lain in running water or peat bogs. The best species are alder and willow. Cannot be placed in the aquarium rotting tree that had lain some time under a layer of silt. The living wood. Roots or branches, even if they long time were in running water, before placing in the aquarium should boil in a saturated solution of salt. This treatment disinfects the wood and seals its structure - boiled driftwood become dense, heavy and sink in water.
To design a tropical aquarium , you can use the coconut shells, bamboo and cane.
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In aquariumx for twilight, night or territorial species of fish you should make a shelter for each fish. On the ground put snags (again, alder or willow); a separate or folded in the form of caves, grottoes, large stones covered with sand, gravel, rocks or driftwood trimming clay pipes or pots.
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At the period of spawning in the aquarium, be sure to create shelter or substrate for calf. It can be lying on the side of flower pots, coconut shells, pottery, scraps of glass, synthetic tubes, fibers, tiles, etc. But these items should not have sharp corners and emit harmful substances in the water.
In the cage for the label on the fry females of viviparous species of fish you should put a piece of glass. He should be hanging slanted on aluminum or galvanized steel wire so that its side edges adjacent to the walls of the aquarium, and the bottom had a gap of 3-4 mm through which the fry would be able to fall down.
Not often and even more to completely change the water in the aquarium. For most species of tropical fish water , you can simply refresh, and this is done not more often than once in seven to ten days.
This rubber hose from the bottom of the aquarium suctioned debris and uneaten food, is poured no more than 1/3, and best of 1/5 of the total volume of water, adding water with the same characteristics as the water in the aquarium. Fresh water should add in small portions, gradually.
In cold-water aquariums when podlivaniem the water to heat up should not be. For warm-water aquariums it is best to use water 1-2 degrees warmer than the water of the aquarium.
Partial change of water is in violation of the oxygen regime (if the fish suffocate), when cleaning the bottom of glasses. But you should try to minimize even a partial water change. When water change or cleaning of the aquarium fish you want to catch.
A complete change of water is an extreme measure and should be performed in exceptional cases: when the disease and death of fish, the appearance of parasitic microorganisms, etc. After a complete change of water biological balance should be established again. While well-established stable mode water might not change over the years.
Note
Before you run to the aquarium the fish (or buy them), find out how these fish get along with each other. And do not immediately run to the aquarium and lots of fish – they too much violate the biological balance of the aquarium, so that can be killed.
Useful advice
Before you put fish in tap water, should it be kept at room temperature for at least two days, so it evaporated the chlorine. Defending water in an enamel, glass, earthenware, plastic containers intended for food products.

Advice 3: How to change the water fish in the aquarium

The quality of water directly affects the health of fish and other inhabitants of the aquarium. To change it you need a few times a month, each time adding a small part. Water from the tap need to defend, and only then it is possible to plant algae and underwater plants, and run your Pets.
How to change the water fish in the aquarium
You will need
  • -the water reservoir;
  • siphon-nozzle or plastic tube with a diameter of 1-1,5 cm
  • -additives to neutralize harmful substances (optional).
Instruction
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Type in the desired amount of water and defend it at least 5-7 days. In that case, if possible you draw in, 1-2 days later, filter the water through activated charcoal or boil for 10 minutes. However, you must remember that in the process of boiling water loses oxygen and it needs to aerate. Defend water in an enamel or glass container (enamel needs to be intact). Undesirable, but still you can use to defend plastic bottles. Typed in water, put in a place where it will not get sunlight.
Defend the water
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If your aquarium is soil, empty the old water, using a special siphon with a nozzle. Otherwise, you can also use a plastic tube of small diameter (1-1,5 cm). At the end, lowered into the water pipe, be sure to put gauze, to ensure that it does not suck fish. Don't forget about the walls of the aquarium, in the case of heavy contamination, you should be sure to clean up before changing water. Adding water is carried out only partially, over time you can change no more than 1/3-1/5 of the volume of the aquarium. Full water change you need to only in extreme cases, such as the emergence of fungal slime, adding unwanted microorganisms, a large contamination of soil, etc.
Drain part of the water with a siphon-nozzle
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For filling a new aquarium for the water not less than 5 days, and then pour it in the prepared aquarium plant plants and run of the fish. If you want to speed up the establishment of normal environment, add little water and soil of the already-built successful aquarium, which is a prepared set of microorganisms. Optionally, you can buy special supplements, which neutralize harmful substances in the store, when using water do not need to defend it.
Note
Do not overfeed the fish, that is incorrect feeding often causes damage to the environment in the aquarium.
Useful advice
To check well water in the aquarium or not, breathe in some air from the surface. The smell should be light and unobtrusive. Impurities from odors indicate that in the aquarium are unfavorable processes. Refilling water is optimally carried out once a week.

Advice 4: How to change the water in a small aquarium

Miniaturise is an attractive interior decoration. But in contrast to large tanks equipped with all the necessary equipment, there are some problems with care. If you stick to the basic rules, including to replace water, it is possible to avoid flowering aquarium and allow the fish pretty good conditions for habitation.
How to change the water in a small aquarium
You will need
  • - defended soft water;
  • - a clean container;
  • - ladle;
  • - scraper.
Instruction
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It is believed that a small aquarium is easier to care for than large. However, this is the first misconception of inexperienced aquarists. It requires more frequent water changes, as more accumulate decomposition products of the waste products of fish. Besides the intensive growth of plants can deliver a lot of trouble.
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The water in the small tank is completely should not change. It is sufficient to replace up to 1/5 of the total volume. This should be done quite often — once in 3-4 days.
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Water replacement should only be soft, at room temperature, so you must have a constant supply. Draw water from the tap only in a clean container, which should only be used for this purpose. Defend the liquid is necessary for at least three days.
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To replace the water in a small aquarium is not difficult. Calculate the required number for replacement. For example, in an aquarium with a capacity of 10 liters need to change the 2 liters (1/5 of the total volume).
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A special ladle with a long handle scoop out the needed amount of water. Clean by scraping the walls of the tank and fill with fresh soft water. Then dial in a clean container of water and leave it to stand until the next procedure.
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The water in miniaturised evaporates very quickly. Regularly check the level and refill if necessary.
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Completely change the water in the aquarium should as seldom as possible, because it disturbs the biological balance. However, this should be done once a year to repot plants and clean the walls of the tank and the filter.
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To replace the water completely, remove the fish and place them in a jar for a while. Drain the fluid with a hose. Remove excess algae. Clean rocks and aquarium walls.
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Then pour over pooled water. Add bacteria and allow the aquarium to stand for a couple of days, and then start to fish.
Note
For living in a small space choose guppies, gourami and tetras. These fish do feel pretty good in miniaturised. Also in the pond you can settle your cock, nice neon. If the fish grew to a fairly large size, they need to transplant to a bigger tank.
Useful advice
Very impressive look and feel good in a small aquarium is not only fish but also other marine and freshwater life such as shrimp.
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