Advice 1: How to heat the water in the aquarium

The majority of aquarium fish are tropical residents. Water at room temperature is not suitable for them. The aquarium must be heated. This can be done in several ways.
How to heat the water in the aquarium
You will need
  • aquarium;
  • water thermometer;
  • - the thermostat;
  • - bulb;
  • - reflector;
  • - aquarium heater.
Instruction
1
The oldest means of heating water is a reflector. It can be manufactured by the tin in the form of a half-cylinder. At the end of the clip cartridge with an electric lamp. The lamp should be inside the reflector. Hang the device to the end of the aquarium so that the upper edge of the reflector was below the water level. This is to ensure that the glass is heated evenly and not burst. This method is suitable for heating and for lighting small rectangular aquariums with a capacity of not more than 30 L.
2
Immerse the bulb directly in the water of the aquarium. The cartridge will mount on the cover in a special hole that the water was only the container. The water should not touch the cartridge. The efficiency of such a system is significantly higher than that of the reflector. The power of this heating device is equal to the lamp power. But with this method, a flask is overgrown with algae.
3
The most perfect method is heated using a special heater. You can buy it at a pet store. This heater is a long tube, which is placed electrical coil. Vial filled with fine dry quartz sand. The sealed findings of the spiral are in the upper part. In network of this the heater will turn on with the cord.
4
Heaters can be of different height and capacity. Pick such that when immersed in the aquarium top with wires was located above the water level not less than 2 cm While the lower end should not touch the bottom. To maintain the required temperature you can stick to a ratio of 10 l - 10 watts.
5
Fix the heater in the aquarium with rubber suction cups and plastic rings. If you can not find them, can be used as fastening a metal wire. This mount should be above the water level.
6
Simultaneously with the heater use a thermostat. They are also sold in pet stores. Control the temperature of the water in the aquarium submerged thermometer.
7
For uniform heating of the aquarium circulate water install any filter. You can arrange a aeration with a compressor.
Note
The main drawback of heating with the help of reflector is that at night the device must be disabled, and the water temperature decreases to room. The second disadvantage is the increased growth of the lower algae of the glass in the side reflector. In addition, this device is quite low efficiency.

There are salt heaters. As a rule, they improvised. Use them not worth it. The ingress of salt into the water for some fish and plants can be devastating.

Advice 2: How to soften the water in the aquarium

Breeding aquatic creatures, modern people are facing one very big problem – the water hardness. High percentage of salts of alkaline earth metals detrimental effect on most species of fish and other aquarium inhabitants. There are several ways to soften the water in the aquarium without causing harm to its inhabitants.
How to soften the water in the aquarium
You will need
  • distilled water, canadian or Ceratophyllum, ion exchange resin
Instruction
1
To soften hard tap water in the aquarium you will need to do a number of simple actions (comprehensively or individually), as described below. Purchase plants such as canadian or hornwort, and put them in aquarium soil. The result of their activity reduces the concentration of salts of calcium and magnesium, which leads to a significant softening of the water in the aquarium.
2
Dilute hard tap water with distilled or soft rain. Purchase soft water can be in drugstores, pet stores or the pet market. Rain water before adding to the aquarium should be filtered and cleaned of debris. Dilute depending on the stiffness of its water, as a rule, 1 litre of hard water to 2 liters with distilled.
3
Install water treatment membrane reverse osmosis for your aquarium. This device is sold in pet stores. This treatment is able to deliver (clean) water from all sorts of unwanted impurities. Purchase also pet shop special ion exchange resins that are designed to soften the water in the aquarium.
4
Boil water and cool it before adding to the aquarium. This will allow to some extent to soften the water, but the amount of softening in this case is low. This method in the case of highly hard water is hardly suitable. It usually is used in combination with other methods of softening of aquarium water.
5
Buy the shop needed a water softener in the aquarium special chemicals. These drugs in no way affect a prosperous healthy life of the fish, and only removed from salt water that make the water hard. The state of mineral substances in the water when using these chemicals remains the same. Purified in this way the environment is favorable for all aquatic inhabitants.
Note
Water is an integral part of any living organism. The aquarium water is an essential element, because its quality determines the life of water world, not only fish but also other living organisms in the aquarium (plants, turtles, etc.).
Useful advice
In most cases, the above methods of water softener should be used to fill the water tank.

Advice 3: How to cool the water in the aquarium

Every summer, aquarists are faced with a big problem – the need for cooling water in the aquarium. The problem arises not only because the water temperature becomes uncomfortable for the fish, but because the water decreases the oxygen content, along with the increase in carbon dioxide. Ways to cope with letney heat, there are several.
How to cool the water in the aquarium
You will need
  • thermometer for water;
  • - a plastic bottle of water;
  • - fan
  • - chiller
Instruction
1
Buy apartment air conditioning. This method will allow you to make a comfortable life not only the fish in the aquarium, but also to other inhabitants of the house. Of the disadvantages of this method worth noting is the high cost, the drying air and nemobilat the device itself. If you have multiple aquariums, placed in different places of the apartment, you will not be able to install air conditioning on each.
2
Will buy a special refrigerator for aquarium water. It's called chiller. The chillers appeared on the market recently. Their appearance is due to the fact that aquariums are increasingly equipped with new electrical devices, like filters, lighting, pumps. These, no doubt, useful devices can heat up greatly and increase the temperature of the water. The main drawback of the unit is its price. The minimum price is $ 500.
3
Cool the water in the aquarium using bottles of frozen water. Pour water into a regular plastic bottle and put it in the fridge. When the water freezes, the bottle can be lowered in the tank.
Keep in the fridge was always full of bottles on shift, so will have to change them quite often.
4
Try to cool the water in the aquarium with the help of enhanced evaporation. For this you will need a fan. Aim a strong jet of air on the surface of the water. The airflow must be of such force that the water formed ripples.
Penetrate into the tank cap hole in two different parts. Their sizes should match the size of the fans. The holes fine mesh, so that the fish couldn't jump out.
Mount the fan over the hole so that the stream of air enters water at an angle of 45 degrees. This will speed up the evaporation, and the temperature in the tank decreases.
Note
The main disadvantage of water cooling with a fan – the loss of water. For a week in 100-liter aquarium evaporates about 5 gallons. In addition, greatly increases the humidity of the air that could be harmful to others. Too high humidity can lead to damage to furniture and the formation of mould and fungus on the walls.

Advice 4: How to heat water at the cottage

Hot water is one of the first necessities for the garden. After hard work I need to wash, and cold water is difficult to remove dust, dirt and sweat. Yes and use it – a dubious pleasure.
How to heat water at the cottage
You will need
  • location;
  • - water heater;
  • bucket, pot, watering can or bottle;
  • - cellophane or film;
  • - tank or tank;
  • - black or dark paint;
  • mailbox;
  • glass;
  • - insulator.
Instruction
1
If the cottage has electricity, use a regular kettle. In a few minutes you will be able to heat a rather large amount, especially if you need not boiling water but warm water for washing. You can also use heaters – instantaneous or cumulative. With them amount of warm water will increase significantly. But of course, these methods won't help you if the country has no electricity.
2
A small amount of warm water can be obtained in a short time and almost without any special tools. Take a container, like a bucket, a jar, a watering can or a bottle. It is desirable that the container was thin-walled (depends on time of heating water). Wrap it with cellophane or foil and tie it so that air is not trapped inside. Put the design in a Sunny place. And in a few minutes (depending on volume) you will have warm or even hot water. To speed up the process, capacity color black.
3
To obtain a large volume of hot water needed to build a more massive structure. Take a tank, a tank or other large container. Be sure to paint it a dark color, because it attracts heat. Take a large box and saw he had one of the walls. Then tighten it tight with a polyethylene film or cover glass.
The greater the capacity, the more hot water you get.
4
Place a receptacle in the drawer, turn the transparent side toward the sun. This will allow you to get maximum solar energy. To design do not lose heat, put in a drawer insulation. For example, moss, leaves, sawdust or other material which will serve as an insulator. This is necessary to ensure that the capacity did not give the resulting heat. This "greenhouse" to get hot water and keep it for a long time. And the thick walls of the box will protect the water from blowing in the wind. The insulator should be only in the place where on the box does not get sunlight, otherwise it will prevent the heating. The wider the design, the faster it will heat up the water.
Note
If the container will last a long time in the sun, the water will be very hot and may need to be diluted to avoid burns.

Advice 5: How to heat the water in the pool in the country

If you purchased a pool to the cottage, you may notice that the water is heated slowly enough. If you don't know how to heat the water in the pool is stronger than it makes sun, you should take note of the following tips.
How to heat the water in the pool
Instruction
1
There are special tools that are used to heat the water in the pool outside. One of these is the tankless water heater. An advantage of using it is safety and efficacy, as it is designed exactly for this purpose. In warm weather, the pool size of about 10 cubic meters a standard heater for a street frame and inflatable pools Intex companies increases the water temperature by about a degree per hour. It is installed between pool and filter pump, or instead of. The disadvantage of this device is the high energy consumption (about 3кВтт per hour). In addition, if the pool is large, then heat the water in it will have quite a long time.
2
Quite effective means of heating water in the pool is a special heating blanket is designed for street tanks. If to cover their pool in Sunny weather, the temperature of water for dinner will be higher by 3-4 degrees than without it. The advantage of this method of heating is its efficiency. Also covered will protect the pool from flying insects and falling leaves. The disadvantage of this method is that the top layer of water is heated to significant temperatures, in that time, the lower layers remain cold. When using heating covers for pools you should enable the filter pump, stirring water.
3
Some craftsmen heated the water in the outdoor pool with a powerful boiler. However, the cost of electricity with this method is much higher than when using a special heater. Additionally, the use of open heaters in swimming pools is unsafe because of the danger of electric shock and damage to the rubber reservoir. If you decided to boil water by this method, do not forget that the heating element must not come into contact with the walls of the pool, lower the boiler water can only be in the off state, to give up during operation of the device with water is impossible.
4
There is another "Babushkin" a method to heat the water in the pool in Sunny weather much faster. It is based on the fact that by increasing the surface of the water, it warms up faster. For the construction of the desired design need a long flexible hose or PVC pipe. It must be connected to the hole in the pool on one side and to the filter pump with the other, secured with clamps to avoid leaks. The hose should be laid in the form of a snail on an open Sunny place. If you can pick up a tube of dark color, the heating process will be even faster.
5
Now you know how to heat the water in the pool at his dacha in various ways. You can combine them to increase the temperature faster. Most importantly, we should not forget about their safety and not to use means of heating, without observing the conditions of their use.
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