Usually a course of philosophy at the University consists of two parts: the history of philosophy and theory of philosophy. The first study in the first semester, pass it off and "safely" forget it. Second, respectively, studied in the second semester, the exam on both parts. History of philosophy, usually does not cause problems - it can just memorize. With the theory of harder - to be able to present it in the exam, it should at least have some understanding. Especially if the teacher is meticulous and loves his subject - these are gladly ready to talk with you for an hour about the problems of true knowledge.
A disciplined student can do to avoid examination in philosophy, if you will attend all or almost all pairs and answer seminars: at the end of the year, he is likely to get "automatic". Willpower, of course, this requires a lot, especially closer to the summer, when the sun outside the window categorically bothers to talk about the role of social revolution in the development of civilizations. But perhaps "automatic" in philosophy is worth it. Moreover, the web is full of essays and papers on philosophy, and you can always find something interesting on the subject, to read and speak in class.
What about those who are "automatic" does not Shine? It is hardly necessary to immediately run to the store for Cribs, and not always can be blamed. Crib better to write themselves, and then...leave them at home, as you will all remember. A very good at recognizing when I write, and that is writing, not typing on a computer.
With the history of philosophy to get easily. Just divide the whole history of philosophy into periods - antiquity, middle ages, Renaissance, etc. Draw a diagram just to remember what comes after what and what is the representative refers to time and the current. It will be "skeleton", which then easily attach large and small details: ideas, concepts, theories. It is best to take a large sheet of paper, e.g. A3 size and to portray the entire history of philosophy on this sheet. Would a brief visual outline.
As for the theory of philosophy, then it's easier to write for each issue a relatively detailed cheat sheet with the most easy to understand tutorial. Reading complex and detailed manuals will not help you, you only spend time on their comprehension, in addition to the exam, nobody expects you to remember every detail. Each crib can be accompanied by diagrams, drawings, ie everything that can help you. The evening before the exam or in the morning if you get up early, scan your eyes on all Cribs. The main you will remember for sure.
Philosophy teachers - people are usually difficult. Better not to spoil relations with them, not to argue once again, not to show their dislike to the philosopher or to the theory that the teacher especially appreciates. Establishing good relations with the teacher can easily transfer your answer to the exam in the category of casual conversation. So without "perfect" or at least "good" you will not stay.
Advice 2 : How to learn philosophy
In many universities the philosophy, as an important element of scientific knowledge is taught even in the non-core specialties. And before the session before the student can be a challenge - to memorize large amounts of highly complex material. In this case, can help the method of preparation for the exam in philosophy.
You will need
- - examination fees;
- - books and writings on philosophy;
- - lecture notes.
Get the exam fees which you will have to interview the teacher. Philosophy is a very broad area of knowledge, so specific topics are brought to the exam can vary depending on the type of course and the views of the teacher.
Find the right literature for training. You will approach any textbook of philosophy for high school. Also useful is the study of the philosophical works themselves, at least in brief or in anthologies. It is desirable to have the lecture notes on the philosophy that you had to visit. In this case, you can use any opinions and own experience of the teacher that will help you to improve your opinion of yourself on the exam.
Start preparing tickets. To do this, spread the remaining before the exam time. For example, allocate two hours to prepare each ticket, leaving one or two days directly before the exam to repeat the entire course.
In the study of the history of philosophy, try to remember not a large number of names, and the names of philosophical schools, different flows and a summary of their concepts. Use the skills of analysis of the material studied. For example, when answering the question about the development of philosophy in antiquity should not merely describe created in the period literature, but also to draw conclusions about specificity of philosophical knowledge in the period of his connection with science and politics.
During the parsing of tickets in certain areas of philosophy such as ontology and epistemology, start your response with a brief history of the development of this discipline. Then describe basic concepts and the current state of philosophical knowledge in this area.
When responding to tickets on the national philosophy, for example, Chinese or Russian, describe not only the characteristics of philosophical knowledge in specific regions, but the reasons for this specificity, cultural, political, religious.