Rinsing the eye. To wash the eyes of the cat, take a cotton pad or swab, moisten it in a pre-heated solution of boric acid, which is especially designed for washing the eyes in animals. Gently wipe the eyes of the cat, if there is drainage or sand, then remove them.
The eyedrops. To put cat eye drops, first wash the eye, then rotate the head of the animal so that the eyes were directed upwards. Then, holding the pipette at a distance of approximately 1-2 cm, drip drops. Make sure that the cat blinked after instillation of drops and spread over the cornea.
Eye ointment. If the doctor prescribed cat eye ointment before the procedure, you can heat it to body temperature. Then the ointment is much faster will be distributed over the eye, the effect will be better. Rinse the eyes of the cat, and then, slightly pulling the lower eyelid, apply to bare ointment, closer to the corner of the eye. Cover your fingers with eyesto the ointment evenly dispersed on the inner surface of the eye.
If cat eyes leaking mucus or pus, that is a bad sign. It is better to consult a doctor, and not to assign a home treatment. Significant discharge from the eyes – a sign of infectious disease or parasites that should be treated using medicines. To identify the disease and write prescriptions can only be a veterinarian.
The eyes may turn red due to an allergic reaction, which could be caused by anything from improper food to household chemicals. In this case rinse the eyes of a cat. If symptoms recur, then you need to find and remove the cause of the Allergy.
If the animal's eye is injured, seek immediate medical attention. Even if it happened at night, and the night vet you are unable to find, come to TRAVMPUNKT to people and politely ask the staff to help you. If the animal to provide timely help, no matter how terrible the injury in appearance, eyes of a cat can fully recover. Even injuries to the cornea can be cured. The delay can also deprive your pet's view. There are heartless people who abandon the injured animal, others think that everything will heal. But really, some things do not heal.
What would be the procedure for cat eyes you do, be careful not to touch the eyeball of the cat. In no case do not wash the cat's eye tea. In General, do not use for treatment of cat drugs and substances designed to people.
So the cat was out during the procedure, you can wrap it in a sheet or towel leaving only the head.
Advice 2: How to treat a cat if she has watery eyes
Watery eyes in cats – perhaps the most common problem that owners turn to veterinarians. Watery or purulent eye in animals can be a symptom of many diseases, including those that require immediate and serious treatment.
You will need
- Strong tea brew, a cotton swab, special eye drops (e.g., "Sofradeks" or "Lotrimin").
Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water and inspect the cat's eye. See if in eyes purulent discharge, redness, swelling, scratches around. Pus in the corners of your eyes can be a sign of a serious infection, so the cat in this case, it is better to show the vet. If around the eyes are puffiness and redness, and the cat often sneezes and rubs his eyes, you may have it a cold or allergies. Allergy is most often caused by household chemicals or pollen. The reason for the enhanced watery eyes can be the eye foreign object or trauma. In addition, the long-haired cats, for example, the Persian, the eye often falls wool.
If signs of trauma there, and the eyes of cats do not fester, then try to rinse them with strong tea brewing. For this brew fresh tea, let it cool and strain. Moisten the leaves with a cotton swab and gently clean the corners of the eyes. You can get special eye pharmacy drugs, such as "Sofradeks" or "Lotrimin". In this case you must strictly follow the instructions. And keep in mind that serious infections, these drugs can not cope.
If you notice any signs of a viral infection, immediately show the pet doctor. The most frequent diseases cat's eye is conjunctivitis and created. Both can lead to rapid vision loss. To treat yourself in this case or in any case impossible. The same is true in the case of eye injuries and allergies.
Perhaps, increased lacrimation in cats congenital. It happens in some breeds, for example, don Sphynx. This phenomenon is called inversion of eyelids. When the eye is anatomically formed so that the eyelashes start scratching the cornea. In this case, can only help surgery – surgery in which the eyelid turns and pulls.
Not every cat will allow you to explore her eyes, and even more, to conduct any medical procedures. If your cat is not willing to tolerate this, in any case you will have to take her to the vet, where she gets injected to perform an inspection and necessary treatment.
Advice 3: How to treat liver cat
The liver performs hundreds of different functions in the body of a cat. It protects from toxins, removing them from the body of the animal, produces biologically active substances. Often liver function is disrupted as a result of attack of bacteria and viruses.
You will need
- - dandelion;
- - green wheat;
- - milk Thistle;
- - beets.
Observe animals. If the cat began to eat less food than usual, have it for a few days regularly, sometimes diarrhea or vomiting, swollen belly, and her eyes and ears on the inside wall has acquired a yellow tint, so he indeed had liver disease.
Use to treat pet dandelion. This plant has a strong cleansing effect, contributing including the elimination of toxins from the liver. Unlike fresh flowers, dandelion capsules are commercially available, more convenient to use. Serve the cat on propaly means once a day.
Vigorously potarite right flank of the animal in the zone of the last three ribs for 15 seconds only once during the day. This massage promotes the excretion from the bloodstream harmful substances and improves the flow of lymph.
The herb milk Thistle will protect a wounded body from toxins and will help him to generate new cells. Teaspoon chopped herbs pour half Cup of boiling water and let it brew . After straining the infusion can be fed to an animal. Good for the liver, the green of the barley and wheat.
Follow the eating pet, not to hurt him. In many modern feeds, standing on the shelves, contains a lot of preservatives, colorings and flavorings. All these ingredients create the liver additional load. Carefully select and balance feed homemade food. Serve your cat a quarter teaspoon grated beetroot a day to remove toxins from the body. After five days of treatment make a break, because the root is a strong natural remedy.
Treat the pet, giving him each day a teaspoon of raw lamb liver. The enzymes contained in it promote cell regeneration. However, do not forget to consult about this with your veterinarian to accurately determine the dosage and see if there is contraindications to receive all of the above tools and products.
Advice 4: How to treat otitis media in the cat
Under understand otitis media inflammation of the outer, middle or inner part of the ear. How to treat this disease depends on what part inflamed and to what extent. To determine this, maybe a vet.
Causes of otitis media
Otitis in cats can occur for several reasons. Among which the accumulation of earwax and its subsequent decomposition; getting into the ear foreign body; growth of hair inside the ear; injuries of the ear. Also, otitis media may be caused by the presence of ear mites (otodectosis).
The types of ear infections and symptoms
The most common is the inflammation of the outer ear. It ─ otitis externa. Common symptoms of otitis media in cats ─ redness or discharge, odor from the ears. The animal becomes restless, shakes his head, scratching his ear very aggressive and reacts to a touch to the affected area. Purulent otitis media may cause a flow of pus, fluid or blood.
Inflammation of the middle ear the pet may experience pain when opening the mouth. In this case, he refuses to eat, because he was unable to chew food. If the cat has otitis media, there are other symptoms, such as strabismus or discharge from the eyes. The animal may tilt the head toward the patient's ear.
Internal otitis appears when the advanced form of inflammation of external and middle ear. Located in the inner ear organs of hearing and balance. This severe form of the disease, the treatment which often ends in surgery.
As soon as you notice the cat has the relevant symptoms, you must immediately consult a doctor. Before you rinse the animal's ear with saline, the doctor was able to determine the extent of the disease.
How to treat otitis
In mild outer ear infections are usually prescribed special drops and ointment for the ears. In severe cases ─ protiwaritmicescie drugs. They are usually several: one designed to fight the cause, others ─ with inflammation. Liquid is removed from the ear 3% alcohol solution of salicylic or boric acid.
For the treatment of otitis in cats, your doctor may prescribe a number of drugs: "Dexamethason", "Sofradeks", "Propolis", "Protargol", "Trypsin", "(CROMO)". For the treatment of inflammation of the middle ear antibiotics and medicated drops.
To drip drops, you must remove the wool from the ear. Then, with a cotton swab to clean the ear canal from sulfur and emissions. Cotton wool to moisten in the solution of hydrogen peroxide, boric acid(2%) or mortar furatsilina. Then blot the remaining moisture with a gauze pad.
If the doctor does not offer, ask him to take a scraping from the ear for analysis. It is necessary in order to exclude the appearance of otitis media caused by mites. Because in this case treatment can be completely different.
It is not recommended to treat otitis media your own! It must be remembered that as a result of untimely and improper treatment of otitis, the cat can stay deaf for life. And if the inflammation will go in the meninges, the pet may die.
Advice 5: How to treat poisoning in the cat
Poisoning in cats can cause not only poor quality products but also eat rodents, and drink from contaminated waters. Pills and chemicals the animals eat is extremely rare, as they have a highly developed sense of smell, and they feel "weird" smell. Treatment cat best left to professionals.
You will need
- - potassium permanganate;
- the syringe;
- - purgative salts;
- - diuretic drugs;
- - flax seed or potato starch.
First induce vomiting in an animal. To do this, carefully pour the cat in his mouth a large quantity of water using a syringe. Try to do everything carefully so as not to scare the pet. Also, do not interfere and enema, because some of the toxic compounds quickly enter the intestine.
Try to figure out what the animal ate. After that, head to the vet. The doctor will examine your cat, take tests and prescribe drugs or antidotes, or sorbents.
If you can't bring an animal to the doctor, then carefully monitor his progress. In the first days do not feed the cat anything. Pour clean water into the bowl, which, if necessary, add a little potassium permanganate.
Give to your pet laxatives salt, "Magnesia". On average, one time only need 3-5 g per 30 ml of water. The solution is bitter, so the cat can resist. Salt laxatives to cleanse the intestines of the animal from toxic substances.
Brew flax seeds: in a glass of boiling water 1 tablespoon. Pour the cat in the throat with 20 ml of 4 times a day. Flax seed has a shielding effect and a positive effect on the stomach and intestines. If you don't have the seed, make the jelly of starch, but no sugar added. It has the same properties.
Let the cat diuretics, if the background of the poisoning he bad working kidney. Suitable, for example, "Diuretin", "Diacarb" or "Regit". Observe whether the cat goes to the toilet. If the diuretic effect has not followed, immediately contact your veterinarian.
Gradually begin to give the cat dairy products, but dry food is better to refuse. Also suitable for mashed potatoes, lean minced in minced chicken and various soups.
Advice 6: How to treat cough in cat
Diseases Pets can confound their owners. For example, not everyone knows how to act in case, if the cat began to cough. However, the owner can help their Pets prior to the visit to the vet.
Determine whether your cat is coughing. The mechanism of this action of the cat is somewhat different than in humans. Cat makes when coughing wheezing, open mouth and sometimes his tongue. It may seem that the cat is suffocating, but most likely this will be a cough.
Check the jaws of cats on the presence of foreign bodies and hairballs. This may be one of the causes of cough. To open the animal's mouth, enter the fingers into the mouth from the corners of the mouth where the cat has no teeth, and gently open your jaw. Be careful since the animal can strongly to bite you.
If you haven't found anything in the jaws of a cat, think, could the cough be caused by an allergic reaction. It could cause a new substance appeared in the house. Note that in cats, allergies can occur not only when eating anything, but even by inhalation of specific odour. If you suspect that any item will remove it from your home. so you will be able to understand whether they have cat allergies.
Also, use different methods of humidifying the air in the house to increase the comfort of breathing for the cat. This can be used, for example,a damp towel, put in a working battery and evaporating the water.
Spend the prevention of parasitic diseases in cats. One of the causes of cough can become worms. This procedure can be done at home, without the recommendations of a veterinarian. For this veterinary pharmacy special medications that can be added to the cat food. This procedure will not harm almost any cat once a year.
In case the taken measures do not help and the cat is still coughing, contact your veterinarian. describe to him all further emerged symptoms and changes in behavior. You should inform your doctor if the animal's been eating less to avoid people and other cats. In this case, the doctor will be able to deliver more accurate diagnosis.
The cough caused by allergies, usually persists, if not eliminate the root cause. To recognize an allergic cough is usually quite difficult, especially if people with allergies will not suffer. Often a cough with allergies accompanied by runny nose, laryngeal spasm, and sometimes convulsions.
The fever to allergic reactions is not typical, because the inflammatory reaction in allergies occur only in the long course of the disease. Cough Allergy treatment and prevention. In those cases, if the doctor puts the patient the diagnosis "Allergy", anti-Allergy drugs should be administered necessarily.
Advice 7: How to treat liver in cats
The liver is the cat performs many functions – filters the incoming substances, does not absorb toxins and poisons, produces hormones. This difficult work can sometimes fail. The most common causes of liver diseases are poisoning, viral infections, complications after illness. Accurate diagnosis can only ask the veterinary doctor after the test results of blood and urine of the animal. Depending on what illness the cat is sick, and treatment.
When the diagnosis of hepatitis, the animal is assigned a special medical treatment – injections, tablets, homeopathic medicines. Give your cat a special herbal herbs (sold in a regular pharmacy) with a diuretic and choleretic effect. A decoction bury through the pipette. With proper treatment symptoms of hepatitis (yellow whites of the eyes, loss of appetite and lethargy) should disappear in a few weeks. If treatment was administered not true or have not been respected, hepatitis can go into chronic stage.
Untreated hepatitis causes cats liver failure. It can be caused by viral infections, acute food poisoning, relapse of illness. Treat liver failure in cats according to the scheme proposed by the vet. In severe condition of the cat is assigned a number of injections (fosprenil, chlorpromazine, etc.) that should remove the acute condition. Further, the scheme is assigned injections of vitamins, antibiotics, ingredients means. Let's homeopathic remedies (Liarsin in the form of injections, karsil tablets).
During his illness, put the cat on diet food. To confirm the diagnosis, try not to feed the cat, but let's have more water, glucose. When the diagnosis of hepatitis first few days the cat shows a starvation diet. Then gradually start introducing food. During treatment necessary to limit protein and salt. Put the animal on a natural diet. After fasting, offer your pet low-fat chicken broth. Gradually introduce into the diet of porridge (buckwheat, rice, oatmeal), cooked in water add carrots, parsley and dill. In porridge add cooked chicken, Turkey, liver. Enter fermented milk products – cheese, in case of poisoning, products lactovegetarian to normalize work of intestines.
During the period of healing and recovery to provide this cat with proper nutrition and vitamins. This will help you to feed industrial production line of special diet: Hills Prescription Diet Feline L/D, Royal Canin Hepatic, Happy Cat Diet "Heart and liver". Dietary food for cats with liver disease contain the optimal balance of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, they reduced the sodium content and balanced nutrients.