Advice 1: How to make sugar at home

The story of sugar begins more than 2300 years ago in India where it was made from sugar cane juice, but in Russia, sugar was first imported approximately in the 11-12 centuries. Before the advent of sugar, the food here is mostly used sweet honey and cooked candy. Today without sugar is impossible to imagine life. The sugar beet industry in our days is one of the strategically important sectors of the food industry, but in spite of this, sugar can be cooked at home conditions.
How to make sugar at home
You will need
    • Sugar beet
    • pan
    • plate
Instruction
1
Tubers purified from beet roots (without removing the skin) and washed under running water. Put the washed beets in boiling water, making the fire more to the process of boiling does not stop. Boil the tubers for about an hour, then take out the beets, cool and peel.
How to make sugar at home
2
Prepared beets cut into thin slices and placed in a canvas bag under the press. The juice obtained in the pressing process, are collected in an enamel bowl. In a metal container, the juice darkens and then the syrup will not turn out light.
How to make sugar at home
3
Wrung beets again put into the pan where it was cooked, and pour water in the ratio 1:1/2. Insist beets for approximately 30-40min. Then again press the same enamel ware. The collected juice is heated and filtered. By evaporation of the juice to get the syrup. Evaporate the juice you need in a flat enamel container, stirring constantly. Output with five pounds of beets, two pounds of syrup.
How to make sugar at home
4
If you need to obtain a syrup with a large content of sugar, the cooking process is a little different. Tubers beets wash and remove the skins and cook the beets for a few (or use the autoclave). In the process of cooking (steaming) to make sure that does not evaporated water. Then the tubers are also cut into small pieces and squeeze the juice. Strained through cheesecloth, the juice is evaporated to syrup.
How to make sugar at home
Note
To cook at home from sugar beets will be only syrup, which would be an equivalent substitute for sugar, and which can be added to tea and cakes. To kristallisierte sugar syrup only in the process of evaporating the syrup in a vacuum apparatus that is difficult to do at home.
Useful advice
From the hot beets, you can get more juice, and it flows easier.
The finished syrup can be eaten immediately or roll up in jars.

Advice 2 : How to separate alcohol and water

Alcohol, gasoline, kerosene and other substances is obtained by rectification. First, let's look at some of the concepts. Rectification - the word comes from Latin and refers to the rectificatio rectification, correction. Rectification is a way to separate liquid mixtures into components, which use special devices. This equipment helps to separate the water-alcoholovuu a mixture of water and alcohol.
How to separate alcohol and water
Instruction
1
Alcohol-rectified – it's just ethyl alcohol, which is separated from impurities using special equipment. However, the alcohol 91, which is 17%, but in home conditions, the alcohol of this strength to very difficult. To separate alcohol and water, it is necessary to get rid of them under the influence of high temperature through a special device.
2
Use special devices for separating alcohol from water. Created a lot of different machines, they differ in the structures of assemblies, parts, devices for purification of alcohol and increase its concentration. Apparatus constructed on the principle of condensing of the clip cameras, including a flash vessel and the distillation column. Capacity filled with liquid, which heats up and evaporates. The heated liquid rises to the top in the form of a pair of cameras, where the condensation water that drains back into the tank. The alcohol in the vapor state enters the top chamber, cools down and drops to appear on the output in spiropent. When alcohol becomes smaller, and begins to climb the water, as she needs more time to boil and transition to a gaseous state. The resulting alcohol is needed to overtake again, then he can be greater strength.
3
To check the quality of the alcohol, pour it in a glass jar and watch its color and transparency, to check the strength of alcohol use a special device alcoholometer.
4
At home you can just heat the mixture. The fact that the boiling point of these fluids is different, so the alcohol will boil already at 78 degrees, and the water is only at 100. Therefore, alcohol will quickly evaporate, leaving only water. However, it is clear that to collect a couple of alcohol will be impossible. That way you only clean water.
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