Advice 1: How to make an astronaut costume for a child

Your child loves the stars and dreams of becoming an astronaut? Dress it up in almost real space suit for the next morning or the carnival. Costume astronaut – a rather complicated structure, but, using imagination and some perseverance, you can make the outfit in which your child will surely win the competition for the best carnival costume.
How to make an astronaut costume for a child
Start making the costume better with the helmet. To do this, inflate a balloon to a size slightly larger than the head of the child. Glue a ball of scraps of paper – the helmet is papier-mache. The paper should be good to coat with glue and apply in several layers. After the frame will be thick enough, leave it to dry and proceed to the sewing of overalls.
Sew the overalls have silver or white fabric. To make a pattern, trace the normal baby clothes – a jacket and pants and add a little bit to suit of the cosmonaut is quite free. In the same way stitch the large gauntlets – gauntlets.
Decorate the jumpsuit can be more "technological" elements to stick on the chest of CDs, a panel or even a light bulb from Christmas lights, battery operated.
While you worked on the suit, probably dry storage for helmet. With a utility knife cut it in two circles: the one to wear a helmet on the head, the second is the window in which you will see the face of the child. The bursting of the ball, remove and tightly wrap the item from papier-mache household foil or paint with silver paint. Using a thin transparent plastic material (for example, packaging of cake) you can make the helmet look more realistic. Cut the plastic a suitable size rounded visor and clip it on the helmet.
Required for each astronaut subject – backpack system software behind. Take a large box from under the Shoe, wrap it with foil and attach to the back of the suit like a backpack.
Moon boots in a to do just. To do this, take the rubber boots and tape secure them on the same foil.
Your costume astronaut ready. Dressing him in her baby, and safely send him to a matinee of "surf the Universe".

Advice 2: Why the astronaut suit

From the point of view of biology space the environment is absolutely hostile to man. Suitable for human life conditions of the known planets while also not detected. To ensure the life and work of astronauts in outer space and on the surface of celestial bodies are designed spacesuit is a complex and knowledge-intensive clothing for explorers.
Heavy boots help to balance the suit

Types of space suits

Currently created and tested in real conditions, three types of space suits. This rescue suits, suits for spacewalks and spacesuits to work on the surface of celestial bodies. the Last type spacesuits were used for flights to the moon. The device suits depends on the conditions of their use and what kind of work to be performed by the astronauts in these conditions.

Rescue suit

The first was developed by the emergency suit. It is intended to protect the cosmonaut depressurization of the spacecraft, the change in the composition of the atmosphere and temperature inside manned compartments. Emergency space suits have detachable gloves, and sometimes flip-front helmet. These suits quickly put on and the most automated. In the fall spring pressure so the suit automatically sealed, the helmet is closed, the system of Autonomous life support.

Suit for operation in outer space

Working in open space, the astronaut must be protected from exposure to excessive light radiation. Consequently, the suit in this case has a coating that reflects light rays, and the helmet is installed protective filter. Suit for use in outer space does not need removable gloves and helmet, put it on all at once and completely. But demands on joint mobility, this suit is high, because outside of the ship, the astronaut performs a specific job. This problem is solved by using corrugated surfaces, hinges and sealed bearings that are located in bends of joints. Gloves of the space suits for the open spaces is very complex, they provide even maintaining the tactile sensitivity of the fingers. These suits are equipped and backpack life support system, and a radio to communicate, and even protivometeoritnoy and radiation protection. Hermetic shell of these suits are often double and has high strength.

Suit to work on the moon

The only celestial body on which you have already visited the man, is the Moon. Lunar suit generally resembles a space suit for outer space, but it has some differences. And the most important of them - the shoes. In addition, on the moon there is the gravitational force that not only determines weight parameters of the suit, but it requires a certain alignment, otherwise the astronaut will simply not be able to keep his balance. Shoes lunar space suit is quite heavy. The strength of this suit is also increased, which protects the astronaut from trouble in case of a fall.

The General structure of the suit

All space suits have an airtight shell and system to provide the astronaut with oxygen, carbon dioxide and water vapor. The insulation of the suit is provided by a layered shell, and heating or cooling it is usually produced in the form of tubes through which circulates a liquid coolant. In the helmet of a space suit is a communication device, as well as the system supply of drinking water and (if necessary) food. In the suit there is a system of sensors to monitor the physical condition of the astronaut. Thus, the suit is not only the "outer clothing" but are essentially small individual spacecraft, providing the support and work of man in space.
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