Advice 1: How to attach the terrace to the house

By nature man is such that upon reaching some goal he set himself another, as he seems to be more interesting. Long dreamed of giving. And that goal is achieved. Already there is a separate house with a plot of land on which to grow onions and potatoes, built and pleasing warmth and steam bath.... What else is missing? After some thought a flash of inspiration: to build a terrace. It is there, not the walls of the house, you will be able to get closer to nature.
How to attach the terrace to the house
First of all, decide the location and type of future buildings.
The terrace can be open (without specially built a roof over them), and closed (the roof is available). Open terrace covered with twine plants and flowers, will decorate your house. But the roof-mounted enclosed terrace will protect you from rain and the scorching sun.
Best of all, when the terrace adjacent to the housethat provides access to it directly from home. If this is impossible, the way out of the house and terrace can be joined using the gallery.
A place for the construction selected, purchased materials for the construction. It's time to get down to business.
Since the terrace is not of heavy construction, Foundation make of the columns, built of red brick. On top of them, through the insulation, lay the Foundation of the future terraces, made of wooden beams cross-section 200x200mm.
Wooden beams (the base of the terrace) connect the joists from the calculation of their installation in 50-70cm. The joists are made of wooden bars section 50х100мм, attach "on the edge". They lay and sew the batten.
If the terrace is planned is closed, the base mount and secure it to the upright. In this case, it is necessary that the Foundation was more powerful, for example, belt type. On top of the uprights to make the harness and it will fix the truss system. Then sew the crate, lay the roofing material.
Because the terrace and the house are not connected, try to visually combine these two different structures. This stone plinth terrace with brick or tile pattern, similar to the finish of the same material of the walls of the house.
Equip one or more outputs from the terrace to the garden.

Advice 2: How to decorate patio

The porch is an enclosed room that can function as recreation areas, dining room, etc. No matter what she designs: built-in (is the extension of the house and built at the same time) and attached (constructed after the erection of the house), the main thing is to make the finish. Then the porch will not be only functional but also comfortable.
How to decorate patio
You will need
  • - construction materials;
  • - fasteners;
  • tools.
First decide how you will use the verandaas living room, office, summer kitchen, etc., whether to heat or not as willing to spend the beautification of this room. It is no secret that the price often has an impact on the choice of construction materials for finishing.
Consider interior design. Come up with your own design or use ready-made which can found on the Internet or specialized magazines, books on design. Approximately calculate the required amount of building materials.
For you to be able to use the front room as an additional living room, it is necessary to insulate. This can be done outside the premises and within. Insulation material (mineral wool, polystyrene, etc.) attach to the wall with staples or nails with broad heads.
If insulation will be spending outside over the insulation, using wooden sticks secure, waterproof and windproof material and then panel the walls with siding. With an internal insulation mineral wool put vapor barrier material, e.g. aluminium foil. Then make a wooden crate. Don't forget to insulate the floor and ceiling (if the porch is attached).
Then proceed to the interior decoration of the room. Heat - and vapor-proof material indoors can close a sheet of drywall or paneling. In another case, Prime the surface and then otshtukaturili and zashpaklyuyte. Floor cover with material of your choice, for example, linoleum, tile, plywood, etc. the Ceiling panel boards, gipsokartonom, etc. In the last step of finishing the surface of paint in your chosen color.
Note that the thinner the walls of the verandah, the thicker must be the layer of insulation.
Useful advice
Before painting, don't forget to treat all wood paneling with an antiseptic, which will protect it from moisture, fungus and parasites.

Advice 3: How to build a big terrace

Terrace – a light open room attached to the house. It is nice to relax in the summer, drink some tea and sit in silence outdoors. When building a house you don't have to plan the construction of terraces. It can be done when the main construction is completed and you want something to improve and finish.
How to build a big terrace
Terrace – building is easy. Therefore, the Foundation can do not much to worry about strengthening and depth. Some build the terrace, completely without Foundation, were important to a good frame, and a roof that will not need to remove for the winter time. The roof make good uprights and overlapping that it withstood the snow.
Those who are worried about the durable and capital construction the Foundation is better to fill. Pour on the height of the Foundation of the house, but to do low-depth.
At the Foundation lay the beams around the perimeter. Strengthen the strut and install the frame. Frame steady. It also will fit the rail.
Paul lay on the floor level of the building. It can be made of wood or any other material. If you are installing outdoors something from wood, then it must be protected from damage and destruction, and covered it with linseed oil paint, suitable for atmospheric effects.
The roof can be a continuation to the house or independent from home. Sometimes the roof is covered with a thick glass, so nothing prevented the penetration of light.
If you have the desire, then the sides of the terrace can be done closed, for example, with sliding Windows, but it will be more like a porch than on the terrace. All the benefits of the terraces lie in its openness.

Advice 4: The construction of verandas and terraces with their hands

It's hard to imagine summer vacation in a country house or cottage without long and intimate conversations over a glass of wine or a Cup of tea. But much nicer to spend time outside on the terrace or on the veranda instead of having to sit on a Sunny day in a stuffy house.
The construction of verandas and terraces with their hands

Terrace and veranda: what's the difference and features

Terrace differs from the veranda, however, these concepts are often confused. The terrace is a platform raised to a height of 15-50 cm above the ground with a hard coating. In contrast, verandas, outdoor terrace can be opened completely, without using Windows. Usually, however, on it having a roof/canopy from rain or a small fence around the perimeter.
Porch or terrace must be executed in the same architectural style as the residential building, then together they create a harmonious ensemble.

The veranda is a closed unheated room, glazed on 2 or 3 sides. Its main difference from the terraces is that it is almost always attached to the house. Often it is even inserted into the building itself. Porch made of the same material as the entire house (wood, stone, brick or blocks).

Usually, terraces are built in areas with warm and dry climate where these buildings can be used during the long summer period as well as during a very warm winter. Terrace most often adjacent to the house, but in some cases, build it and standing apart, at some distance from him. However, even a separate building to better connect with the house gallery, which performs the function of transition. The terrace can also be stone, wood, brick, block.

Summer on the veranda you can live comfortably, and in winter use it instead of the pantry or refrigerator. Veranda usually built on the Sunny side of the building - South, East, or Southeast.

The stages of construction of terraces

First, you need to draft a terrace. It needs to be not only functional quality of the extension, but also its appearance, which needs to decorate the building. At this stage you should consider the reliability and durability of all construction elements. You can look for yourself the finished projects of terraces or develop your own version.

To the construction of terraces is the most consistent with the developed project, you need to choose high-quality material. In addition, you need to consider that the future terrace should have a beautiful and harmonious appearance, combined with the external design of the house. For the construction of terraces optimum use of such species as European larch and oak. Country outbuilding may consist of not only the flooring, but to have railings, which are better suited for soft woods for example pine.

The next step is to prepare the Foundation. This question can be solved in different ways. If you have opted for a massive monumental structure, in this case, the optimal solution will be a single Foundation for the house and terraces. This type of Foundation will help to avoid schism and skew terraces, which can occur due to uneven load distribution. So, then you will not have for this reason to do costly repairs. A common Foundation suitable for the terrace along the house.

In addition, the construction of an extension to the cottage it is possible to lay a separate Foundation. This is useful if you are building an outdoor terrace with the finished home. In this case, it is necessary to consider depth of groundwater and especially soil cover. Also the construction of terraces is possible without a Foundation. This method will be justified only in the case that you have designed easy terrace, which should be placed at ground level.

The following stage - installation of the terrace. At this stage it is necessary to Orient it in accordance with the directions. The terrace on the North side will provide in the summer heat cool and the South side will allow you in cool weather to enjoy the warmth. Special attention should be paid to the manufacturer of the canopy or shared with the house roof. To provide comfort and comfort will help the railing and the stairs. They definitely need to test. Specialists recommend to carry out the floor of the terrace under a small bias in the other direction from the apartment building that will facilitate the outflow of rainwater.

The construction of the porch

At the initial stage of construction of the verandah break the axis of the building. Porch should have a Foundation, separate from residential buildings. To determine axis, use a tape measure, string and pegs. Measure the distance from the porch to the house, then hammered the pegs. Between the stakes pulled the cord, which will serve as a reference for the planned Foundation.

Next, is the vertical layout, which is necessary for laying the Foundation. It should be located at ground level relative to the floor of the outhouse. From this zero level will need to complete all grades. To mark a specific value, using the measuring tape from the floor of the verandas should be postponed to the desired value.

Before you can begin building your porch, you need to determine the type of soil, because it depends on the reliability of the whole structure. For example, often found heaving soil (clay, loam, sand). The swelling of such soils can lead to deformation of the veranda. To avoid this, laying the Foundation below the frost lands or malobuchinski soils. In addition, may require the strengthening of expanded clay the surface of the earth.

The poles on the corners of the veranda need to be set with a certain step. Under the columns should dig holes, and its bottom is placed a layer of sand. After that, lay out the blocks and fill with cement the stitches. You can now start the construction of the structure itself. For the construction of a veranda are best suited frame construction. The editing is quite simple, and you will be able with this work to cope on their own. Frames should be assembled in a horizontal position and then installed vertically.

Design of terraces and porches

A terrace or veranda can be under the open sky or under a canopy. If the construction of glazing, you get a comfortable rest. This summer construction will be protected from rain and wind. A terrace or veranda can be decorated with decorative plants in ceramic pots. They should keep the types of your garden, their task - to create additional comfort. Will also fill a sense of calm and comfort, wicker rattan furniture and comfortable cushions on the chairs.
Interesting solution for decorating the terraces can be a small fountain, which is better positioned in the center of the room.

In General, the arrangement and the decor and arrangement of the veranda or terrace, fully depends on your preferences and financial resources, as well as the functional purpose of this space. To pick the suitable type of environment and style of decor you can see pictures of interesting solutions for verandas and terraces that can be found on websites dedicated to interior design.
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