You will need
- - clay;
- - Potter's wheel;
- - plaster shape;
- - kiln;
- - acrylic paint or a special coating.
Find the right clay. It is best to buy it in the store, in this case, you will be sure of success. However, if you don't, just dig it in the near career. Remember it, and try to sculpt a ring, a ball – if it worked, it means that the clay is of good quality.
Dried clay cover with water in a few hours and mix until the consistency of sour cream. Strain and leave to settle. Water remains on the surface, drain it, and knead the clay like dough. The result should be a material like clay, not adhering to the hands.
If you have a Potter's wheel, make dishes with it is the most convenient option. To make multiple identical items, such as tea set, you must first make a plaster mold in which you will indentation a piece of clay, and after drying carefully remove.
A simple product, for example a mug, try to sculpt hands. Roll clay dense, smooth ball. Press a finger inside and rotate the workpiece on it, you will have the likeness of a mug. Proceed fingers – thin walls, raise them above until the product will take shape. Be sure to apply all the cracks and holes. If necessary, dampen the product and hands with water.
When the dishes are ready, decorate it – place the patterns scratched with a fork, stick curls out of clay or sticks. In order to stick items, use clay, diluted with water glue.
Annealing pots, preferably in a muffle furnace at a temperature of not less than 600oC. If such a furnace you have – use ordinary village oven or, in extreme cases, fire. Carefully place his work in a place where it is expected the highest temperature, and see to the fire.
Try to protect the Cup from possible damage the wood or embers and at the same time positioning it in the visual field. As soon as it is heated to bright orange – you can stop firing.
After complete cooling, remove the product and test by pouring water into it. If water still drips, grease Cup and grease procapita it over the flame, then well wash and wipe it.
Paint the dishes with acrylic paint or a special coating. Pay attention to the instructions to glaze – some types require additional firing.
Advice 2 : How to make ceramic tile
Designers urged his contemporaries not to rely on someone else's taste and create the interiors of their own: to paint walls, create a furniture. The most creative and even offer to do everything own hands, even ceramic tiles for finishing and decoration.
You will need
- - clay;
- - the form or the cutter;
- - kiln;
- - glaze.
The basis for the manufacture of tiles is clay, and it consists of hydrogen, oxygen, aluminium and silicon. If the clay add water, it will change its structure, becomes more viscous and flexible. It is important to know one feature of clay: just dug out of the earth, it is unfit for the manufacture of tiles.
And as raw materials use wet clay, but first she needs to lie down for a while in the bag. You can then proceed to the formation of the product. Use the cutter to shape and the edge of the product was smooth. During this process, the tiles will slowly dry out, and in the final stages of moulding and is practically cured. This stage is called the stage of hard skin.
When the tile has dried completely, the color will become slightly lighter than the original. This is the so-called stage raw. At this stage, your product is already pretty solid, but if the tile slightly something to hit, it will easily crumble or crack. Note that at this stage you still have a chance to change their product in that case, if you do not like it for any reason. For this failed attempt is enough to put in the bucket, which still has remnants of the clay, and just forget about it for a while. Later, this lump of clay can be used again.
The next stage of ceramic tile production is its firing. But it is necessary to wait for the moment when the moisture is completely evaporated from the clay.
Now the tile can be placed in the oven. According to common practice, there are two kinds of roasting. First, the so-called biscuit, when the furnace temperature reaches the minimum 850°C and maximum 1000°C. This is necessary to ensure that the tiles remained porous and can easily absorb the glaze.
The second stage is the glaze firing. In this case, the temperature regime should be lower than what is necessary at the previous stage, otherwise the glaze simply turn into glassy beads. That's actually the whole technology of manufacturing of ceramic tiles at home. To do this is not difficult, and if we attach to this process a little imagination, your ceramic tile will acquire the status of exclusive products.
Modern factories and the tile obtained by pressing the dry mass and subsequent firing. To comply with this technology is possible only on special quite expensive equipment.