If you are a novice gardener and don't have enough experience and time to work on the land, it is better to select for growing those vegetables that don't require much care. These include squash, early potatoes, beets, beans, radishes, zucchini, garlic and lettuce. Difficult crops are cauliflower and Brussels sprouts, tomatoes and celery. Root crops can do without water for a long time, and plate culture should be watered often.
The composition of the soil plays an important role in the cultivation of vegetables. After application of organic and mineral fertilizers and liming, the soil is excellent for vegetable growing. It is recommended to plant vegetables on high beds as the clay soil is cold, it warms up for a long time and more suitable for late crops. On the sandy soil to grow well and early thermophilic cultures – tomatoes, cucumbers, radish, greens and early varieties of cabbage, and grows the most delicious potatoes.
Do not forget about the light plot, because tomatoes, eggplants, cucumbers, beans and peppers need a lot of sun. Moderately light-demanding crops include cabbage, carrots, beets, garlic, turnips, radishes and onions. The lack of sunlight can slow the growth of vegetables, and they are easy to diseases. Do not plant potatoes in the shade of the trees or the house, he could not form tubers. In shaded areas plant spinach, leaf lettuce, dill, sorrel, parsley and herbs. Remember that direct sunlight may impair the quality of the leeks and cauliflower.
The plot size influences the choice of planting. If you have a small site, it makes no sense to plant cabbage or potatoes. Think about the method of mixed plantings, it is the cultivation of several vegetable crops in the same bed. This will increase the range and to get a great harvest, the main thing to choose the right "neighbors".
Cucumbers or cabbage tastes best when grown together with dill, Basil coexists perfectly with the peppers and tomatoes. Near the carrots and cucumbers to plant garlic next to beets, lettuce and cabbage – onions, potatoes – horseradish. Together with spinach grow well beets, potatoes, tomatoes and beans, the leaves protect the soil from drying out. But there are plants that are not recommended to plant near: peas and onion, tomatoes or carrots and fennel, cabbage and garlic, sage and onions, potatoes and cucumbers.