You will need

- Calculator, spreadsheet, Excel

Instruction

1

First analyze the problem statement. You need to understand what exactly is required of you - the answer is in the form of percentages or fractions.

2

If the problem statement says that we need to calculate, what part from the whole is something you have to provide the answer as a proper fraction (where the numerator is more than denominator). You need to get both numbers (and part and whole) were intact. If one (or both) are decimal fractions, domnain both ten (or 100, 1000, in General, until they become integers. Next recordable portion above the fraction bar, and the whole is under it. Preferably, but not necessarily, reduce the fraction (divide the numerator and denominator by a common factor.

3

If we are told to count the share or are asked to visualize numeric data, it is necessary to give the answer in percent. For this we repeat the previous step, then divide the numerator by the denominator (you can use a calculator or a table processor). Received the decimal should be multiplied by 100%.

4

In order to make the decision seemed even more obvious, you can create a chart in Excel. To do this, enter the number of: (a) and (whole minus part) in cells empty tables, then highlight those fields and use the chart wizard in the toolbar. Practice shows that the most informative are pie charts and histograms.

Useful advice

Checking my calculation is quite simple. If you calculated the percentage or looking for the ratio of the smaller part to the whole, and the answer turned out to be more than a hundred per cent or fraction in which the numerator more than the denominator, then you are mistaken. Most likely, the numerator and denominator must be reversed.

# Advice 2 : How to determine revenue

Revenues are normally considered receipt of cash from customers on account and in cash Desk of the enterprise or individual entrepreneur.

**can be determined in advance as in stable and unstable demand. It is necessary in order to plan the economic activities of the enterprise, which depends on the received parameters.****Net profit (RAS)**Instruction

1

Determine the revenue using two methods: direct and reverse score. The method of direct calculation based on the fact that the known demand. A calculation method to determine revenues due to volatile demand.

2

To calculate revenue by direct counting, it is necessary to determine the unit price of sold products, services or product, determine the quantity of products that implemented in the current time period. Next, calculate the revenue by multiplying the number of products to price for her unit, the resulting number can be considered proceeds from the sale of products.

3

To calculate the revenue using the calculation method for unstable demand will require:to Determine the number of sales are not at the beginning of the period. Then determine the number of products prepared to release over a period of time. Next, subtract the number of sold products end-of-period plan balances. Further, the number of unsold products at the beginning of the period, it is necessary to take plan remains unsold product at the end of this period and add the number of products prepared for release during the current period. The received quantity multiplied by the price. Thus, you determine the revenue from sales of products.

4

To determine revenue, it is first necessary to calculate the cost of production. To do this, add up all the costs incurred in the period for which the billable revenue. This is the cost of acquisition or manufacture of products, including the salaries of employees, royalties and taxes from the payroll, the rent for the room and equipment (if rented), etc., the amount Received divide by the number sold during this production period, determine the total cost per unit of output. Next, determine the desired revenue from product sales: product quantity multiplied by the price determined from the difference of the selling price per unit and total cost per unit of output.

5

In the statement of profit and loss (f n 2) there is a line 010 there and reflected gross receipts of the organization from the sale of goods, products, works, services (taking VAT, excises and other similar payments). If you have an policy to pay, the sum of all received from buyers cash if for shipping, the amount billed to the customers, invoices, don't forget to subtract VAT. Shown on p. 010 of form 2.

# Advice 3 : How to count revenue from sales of

Monies or other benefits received by the company as a result of its activities; determine the proceeds from the sale of goods or services. The method of calculation of revenue from sales depends on when the revenue received on account of the company: before the goods are shipped or after.

Instruction

1

To calculate the total amount of revenue received from the sale of each item in the party should be by multiplying the number of products that worked (called sales), for the cost of one unit of the product from the party. Itself formula as follows:=P*q, where b is the profit, R – revenue C – cost of implementing a single product.

2

To determine the amount of revenues or the current plan period is also possible based on the prices of the base period. These prices react to obvious changes occurring in the plan period, focusing on supply and demand in the market.

3

Knowing the amount of manufacture of commodity products in the planned period, it is possible to calculate the volume of sales. This calculation scheme is as follows: the remains of products unsold from last period added in the plan, and the remainder at the end of the planning period taken away. The formula is: P=O1+T-O2. Here R is the volume of sales (planning period); O1, O2 – the remnants of unsold goods at the beginning and end of the plan period, respectively; T – the output of goods in the planned period.

Note

Do not confuse revenue and profit, since profit is the difference between private revenues and costs, incurred by the company as a result of implementation of its products.

Useful advice

On the basis of the last formula, the amount of residual product at the beginning of the year from the remaining stack of finished products in warehouses of the organization, the goods they did not pay shoppers in a timely manner, goods shipped, goods on the retention of customers.

The size of the goods remaining in the account of the company in the end of the plan year shall be subject to registration, according to the terms specified in the document. This includes regulatory residues of GP in the warehouses of the organization and the goods shipped whose period of shipment has not yet arrived.

The size of the goods remaining in the account of the company in the end of the plan year shall be subject to registration, according to the terms specified in the document. This includes regulatory residues of GP in the warehouses of the organization and the goods shipped whose period of shipment has not yet arrived.

# Advice 4 : How to calculate the volume of sales

The volume of sold

**products**– hardly probable not the main indicator of efficiency of the enterprise. It depends on the sales forecast for the next period, and from that in turn the required output. Analysis of this indicator allows to evaluate the degree of implementation of the plan, the dynamics of growth of sales (sales) and to identify weaknesses and reserves to increase production and sales**of products**.You will need

- Financial statements

Instruction

1

The volume of sold

**products**are calculated in physical or value (monetary) terms. All information necessary for analysis can be taken from accounting or statistical reports of enterprises.2

Implemented products in real terms is how many units of parts produced in the shop, how many meters of curtains sewed garment factory or how many square meters of housing was built by a construction company. The main difficulty of calculating the volume of sold

**production**in volume terms is inhomogeneous range.3

Indeed, if the factory only produces one type

**of product**, the calculation of the volume of sold**products**is reduced to the calculation of units sold in each period. Much more difficult if the company produces the most diverse products. In this case, a calculation of the volume of sold**products**in semi-natural expression.4

The calculation of a quasi-natural expression is used for generalization of different types of manufactured

**products**. For example, a bottling plant the soda can produce mineral water, lemonade, iced tea, and each type of drinks in plastic bottles and metal cans of different volumes, etc. Then introduces a conditional indicator, for example, water bottle volume 0,5 l. All other drinks are measured in terms of the conventional bottle.5

The volume of sold

**products**can also be calculated in monetary (or monetary) terms. Of sales in value terms is the total volume**of products**shipped to customers and paid for in full.6

After calculating the volume of sold

**products**it is necessary to compare it with the planned indicators and volume produced**products**. This analysis will allow you to properly plan resource needs and production rates**of products**and predict the further pace of sales.