Advice 1: How to pinch back tomatoes

Want to grow in their area a good crop of tomatoes? If you are not planning to obtain from plants the dense forest of leaves and fruits peas, all summer you have to deal with the formation of plants. For this you need to learn how to pinch back (pasynkovat) bushes.
Primitive shoots in the leaf axils
Instruction
1
Decide how many stems will have your own Bush tomato. It depends on the type of seedlings (tall or restricted height) and places of its cultivation. In greenhouses plants form more often only 1 stem. Such shaping reduces the risk of terrible diseases tomato - late blight. In the open ground, you can let the bushes grow 2-3 stems.
2
A few days after transplanting, inspect every Bush tomato. Remove all laterals (side shoots arising in the axils of leaves) from tall (interdeterminacy) forms. At determinant (restricted height) varieties of tomatoes leave one stepson under the first flower brush, and two above it.
3
Every 5-7 days spend side-shoot removing. Very carefully check the plants. Unnoticed stepson is growing fast and pulls all the efforts of the Bush itself, slowing the maturation of fruit already started on other stems.
4
In mid-summer for an early harvest on a selective presidnete tall bushes top growth point – cut the top of the main stem, leaving 2-3 leaf after 6 floral brushes. On determinantal varieties for each of the stems should be 2-3 flower brushes. With a larger number of abandoned floral brushes, you can get a lot of immature and small fruits.
Note
Every Bush tomato must have at least 5-6 fruit brushes.

In August all the leaves on the Bush until the first floral brush can be removed. This will improve the ventilation and the ensuing fruit will ripen faster.
Useful advice
Stepchildren need to remove, leaving a stump of about 2 cm If they are to break down completely, in their place will rise again escape.

Better shoots are not cut, but break it with your hands, not to transfer the infection to another Bush.

Advice 2 : How to pinch back the shoots on cucumbers and tomatoes

To grow seedlings and plant it in the garden or in the greenhouse - not enough for a good harvest. To cucumbers and tomatoes on the bushes were many, it is time to pinch back the suckers. If this is not done, instead of fruit you get some leaves and stems.
How to pinch back the shoots on cucumbers and tomatoes

As pasynkovat tomatoes



Tomatoes come in determinate and interdeterminate. That is, short and tall. And depends on how to grow them. Undersized tomatoes to form 2, sometimes three of the stem, removing all the shoots in the leaf axils. Tall tomatoes are usually grown as a single stem, while also off all side shoots.

Pinched do to achieve stepson 4 cm, cutting or breaking off not at the stem, leaving a stump of 0.5 cm These measures are needed to ensure that a sprout has not appeared again. If the stepchildren leave, soon they will grow and will turn into stems. Such pressure on the Bush tomato for anything, as a result, the plant is not getting enough nutrients and fruits are not fastened.
If you want to grow a tomato stem in two, leave one strong stepson. Note, there are determinate varieties of tomatoes that do not require pinching.


As pasynkovat cucumbers



Cucumbers also require a special form of a whip. Of course, you can let it go, soon the Bush will grow, cucumbers will be, but the overall harvest is reduced. And in the greenhouse plants will not be enough space and light, so will quickly rot and scourge will die.

Cucumbers form a single stem. There are several methods, one of the well-proven is pinched according to the following scheme. Remove all side shoots, in the axils of poyavlyalsya, until the fifth leaf. Take ovaries too. Be sure to tie the stem to the trellis with soft twine. Do not tighten the knot, because as a plant grows, the twine will crash and will hamper the supply of nutrients from the root.

In the axil of the fifth leaf sixth and seventh Express shoots (one), and when they will appear on the first sheet, presidnete. After tying cucumbers leave one good fruit, everything else (flowers and ovaries) remove.

In the axils of the eighth and ninth sheet leave alone run with two leaves and two ovaries. Don't forget to secure the top main whip for the cord.
The shoots can be pinched with your fingers and can be cleanly cut with scissors.


Next place already on 3 side shoots, in three sheets, and three ovaries. If the greenhouse is low, the plant after the appearance 11-13 sheet reaches the wire, stretched under the ceiling. So wrap the stem around the trellis and wait until he will not grow up to 40-50 cm, then presidnete the top to stop growth.

Advice 3 : How pasynkovat tomatoes in open field and greenhouse

Remove side shoots of tomatoes is the removal of superfluous lateral shoots from the Bush. Timely and proper formation of tomato in open soil and in the greenhouse, will allow the plant to direct its energies to fruition. Otherwise, a tomato plant will grow green excess weight and will not have time to form fruit.
How pasynkovat tomatoes

 

Do I have to pasynkovat tomatoes

Side-shoot removing is considered an important farming techniques for tomatoes. If not to form, of the abundant harvest can not think.

Remove side shoots of tomatoes is held for the following purposes:

  • Improvement of the lighting conditions in space.
  • The increased power of the fruit.
  • Lengthening the timing of fruiting.
  • Speeding up ripening.
  • The probability of full ripening tomatoes on the vine.

The basic rules of pinching

To produce side-shoot removing must, given the variety of tomato, the characteristics of growth and development. But there are a few recommendations suitable for all without exception types - indeterminate and determinate, ground and greenhouse. Only when these conditions are met, remove side shoots will produce results:

  • The formation should begin only after all the bushes stronger, will be hard to grow. Remove the shoots just when the length does not exceed 5 cm.
  • To begin the formation of a Bush preferably in the morning.
  • To continue the work of cleaning the shoots need throughout the summer season.

If the formation comes in 3 stems retained the basic escape and 2 lower stepson, 2 barrel - stored main escape bottom escape under the 1st inflorescence, 1 barrel - retain only the main stalk.

How to determine how many stems to leave? This number will tell you the preferred variety of the plant.

Схема пасынкование томатов в теплице

To obtain the most early of the fruit you want to pick a low-growing determinate varieties. They need to keep 1 or 2 of the stem. In this case, the tomatoes will begin to ripen in the first 3-5 hands.

Determinant tomatoes are distinguished by the fact that complete their growth in result of setting a certain number of brushes. Determinantal varieties are divided into superdeterminant - very early, usually do not require pinching, and just the determinant, which have to form, eliminating unwanted stepchildren. Have determinantal varieties 1 flower brush is formed after 5-7 leaves, new brushes are put every 2 sheets.

Indeterminate varieties and hybrids of tomatoes differ unlimited growth of the main stem. In terms of heated greenhouses and in warmer climes, these plants have a chance to grow, bringing 40-50 harvest brushes. This sort is strongly recommended to shape. They have removed all stepchildren and lead into a single stem. From indeterminate varieties first brush is formed after 9 sheet, new brushes are put through 3 sheets.

Remove side shoots of indeterminate cultivars

Tomatoes in the greenhouse are formed much faster than in the open ground. Stepchild they have before beginning to be laid floral brush. In this case, power plants are spent on the growth of the total mass of the leaves and stems, not the plant. Certainly need to remove side shoots during the summer season, in order to get a harvest, not only attractive, but completely useless bushes.

In tall varieties, it is recommended to leave a single stem, removing all suckers. Leave only small stumps 1 cm.

Side-shoot removing determinantal varieties

Determinate varieties usually form a 2 barrel. In the formation of the Bush in two stems to leave 4 to 8 brushes. In this embodiment, the fruits are bound to be not only numerous, but also ripe.

In what period and how to pasynkovat tomatoes

Proceed pasynkovat most varieties of tomatoes should be in a flowering period 1 floral brush. The periodicity of not less than 1 time in 10 days. Work must be carried out accurately and quickly.

The most common method of pinching the tomato is the breaking of the shoots by hand. The operation is preferably handled with gloves. Side-shoot removing is usually carried out in the morning, during this period, the stems break off easily.

You can also pasynkovat tomatoes with a knife or scissors. Blade cutting tool must be sharpened.

Competent remove side shoots of tomatoes gives you the opportunity not to increase the green mass, and a fairly good quality crop of the fruit. Thus all the tomatoes are well filled and healthy.

 

 

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