Advice 1: How to pinch back tomatoes

Want to grow in their area a good crop of tomatoes? If you are not planning to obtain from plants the dense forest of leaves and fruits peas, all summer you have to deal with the formation of plants. For this you need to learn how to pinch back (pasynkovat) bushes.
Primitive shoots in the leaf axils
Instruction
1
Decide how many stems will have your own Bush tomato. It depends on the type of seedlings (tall or restricted height) and places of its cultivation. In greenhouses plants form more often only 1 stem. Such shaping reduces the risk of terrible diseases tomato - late blight. In the open ground, you can let the bushes grow 2-3 stems.
2
A few days after transplanting, inspect every Bush tomato. Remove all laterals (side shoots arising in the axils of leaves) from tall (interdeterminacy) forms. At determinant (restricted height) varieties of tomatoes leave one stepson under the first flower brush, and two above it.
3
Every 5-7 days spend side-shoot removing. Very carefully check the plants. Unnoticed stepson is growing fast and pulls all the efforts of the Bush itself, slowing the maturation of fruit already started on other stems.
4
In mid-summer for an early harvest on a selective presidnete tall bushes top growth point – cut the top of the main stem, leaving 2-3 leaf after 6 floral brushes. On determinantal varieties for each of the stems should be 2-3 flower brushes. With a larger number of abandoned floral brushes, you can get a lot of immature and small fruits.
Note
Every Bush tomato must have at least 5-6 fruit brushes.

In August all the leaves on the Bush until the first floral brush can be removed. This will improve the ventilation and the ensuing fruit will ripen faster.
Useful advice
Stepchildren need to remove, leaving a stump of about 2 cm If they are to break down completely, in their place will rise again escape.

Better shoots are not cut, but break it with your hands, not to transfer the infection to another Bush.

Advice 2: How to form a tomato

The formation of the Bush tomato is necessary for a good harvest and protection from late blight. Plants are much branched, giving many lateral shoots, which produce new tomato blossoms. If you do not remove laterals, the fruit will be bad to fill and slow to Mature. To limit the growth of the stem sometimes spend more and pinched the main shoot.
How to form a tomato
You will need
  • - rubber gloves;
  • - potassium permanganate – 5 g;
  • - water – 1 l
Instruction
1
Determine what species are your plants. Tomato plants are standard, with a strong erect Bush and tall with long stems. The first type of tomato grows well in the open ground, gives early yields. The second type is a grade middle-and late-life aging. They are planted in greenhouses.
2
Make a solution of potassium permanganate in water. Pour it into a wide basin. Rinse it hands in gloves after every hive. Not to post it with the juice of the virus from sick plants to healthy ones, when you break down the laterals from the stems and remove the leaves.
3
The formation of standard tomatoes.
Remove diseased and yellowing leaves from the trunk of plants. As you grow a tomato Bush podesavate the stem higher up, so he won't break. Express for 7 flower's ovaries, and the rest will break off. Have belkarolin plants removal of laterals is not required as the fruits are medium-sized and perfectly ripen the remaining bunches.
4
Some medium hybrids Stam tomato bushes you can extend the fruiting period due to the transfer of the growing point on the side of the stem. When the main stem after 5 – 6 floral brushes ceases to grow, tie a large top stepson to the trellis. It will continue to grow and will provide several floral ovaries. All the lower side branches break. What species is your variety of tomatoes, read the label from the seed.
5
The formation Vasarely (indeterminate) tomatoes.
Remove from the plant all the unnecessary side shoots. High tomato bushes formed in one barrel. If you have the seedlings were planted at a great distance from each other, you consider the possibility of abandonment of the second side escape, only then it can not break down.
6
Leave the strongest side shoot which will develop under the first inflorescence. Immediately tie up it and follow the two trunks the same way. That is, remove all other laterals and yellowing leaves. Do this at least once a week.
7
Villevaude side shoots in the early morning, leaving the bars about 2 cm, do Not let the side shoots to grow more than 7 cm, and they will pick up on your growth of a lot of nutrients from the main stem, slowing the growth of the fruit.
Useful advice
If you had a little tomato seedlings, the number can be increased at the expense of the broken-off side-shoots. Pricopie them in moist earth in a greenhouse and get a new sturdy bushes.

Advice 3: How pasynkovat tomatoes in open field and greenhouse

Remove side shoots of tomatoes is the removal of superfluous lateral shoots from the Bush. Timely and proper formation of tomato in open soil and in the greenhouse, will allow the plant to direct its energies to fruition. Otherwise, a tomato plant will grow green excess weight and will not have time to form fruit.
How pasynkovat tomatoes

 

Do I have to pasynkovat tomatoes

Side-shoot removing is considered an important farming techniques for tomatoes. If not to form, of the abundant harvest can not think.

Remove side shoots of tomatoes is held for the following purposes:

  • Improvement of the lighting conditions in space.
  • The increased power of the fruit.
  • Lengthening the timing of fruiting.
  • Speeding up ripening.
  • The probability of full ripening tomatoes on the vine.

The basic rules of pinching

To produce side-shoot removing must, given the variety of tomato, the characteristics of growth and development. But there are a few recommendations suitable for all without exception types - indeterminate and determinate, ground and greenhouse. Only when these conditions are met, remove side shoots will produce results:

  • The formation should begin only after all the bushes stronger, will be hard to grow. Remove the shoots just when the length does not exceed 5 cm.
  • To begin the formation of a Bush preferably in the morning.
  • To continue the work of cleaning the shoots need throughout the summer season.

If the formation comes in 3 stems retained the basic escape and 2 lower stepson, 2 barrel - stored main escape bottom escape under the 1st inflorescence, 1 barrel - retain only the main stalk.

How to determine how many stems to leave? This number will tell you the preferred variety of the plant.

Схема пасынкование томатов в теплице

To obtain the most early of the fruit you want to pick a low-growing determinate varieties. They need to keep 1 or 2 of the stem. In this case, the tomatoes will begin to ripen in the first 3-5 hands.

Determinant tomatoes are distinguished by the fact that complete their growth in result of setting a certain number of brushes. Determinantal varieties are divided into superdeterminant - very early, usually do not require pinching, and just the determinant, which have to form, eliminating unwanted stepchildren. Have determinantal varieties 1 flower brush is formed after 5-7 leaves, new brushes are put every 2 sheets.

Indeterminate varieties and hybrids of tomatoes differ unlimited growth of the main stem. In terms of heated greenhouses and in warmer climes, these plants have a chance to grow, bringing 40-50 harvest brushes. This sort is strongly recommended to shape. They have removed all stepchildren and lead into a single stem. From indeterminate varieties first brush is formed after 9 sheet, new brushes are put through 3 sheets.

Remove side shoots of indeterminate cultivars

Tomatoes in the greenhouse are formed much faster than in the open ground. Stepchild they have before beginning to be laid floral brush. In this case, power plants are spent on the growth of the total mass of the leaves and stems, not the plant. Certainly need to remove side shoots during the summer season, in order to get a harvest, not only attractive, but completely useless bushes.

In tall varieties, it is recommended to leave a single stem, removing all suckers. Leave only small stumps 1 cm.

Side-shoot removing determinantal varieties

Determinate varieties usually form a 2 barrel. In the formation of the Bush in two stems to leave 4 to 8 brushes. In this embodiment, the fruits are bound to be not only numerous, but also ripe.

In what period and how to pasynkovat tomatoes

Proceed pasynkovat most varieties of tomatoes should be in a flowering period 1 floral brush. The periodicity of not less than 1 time in 10 days. Work must be carried out accurately and quickly.

The most common method of pinching the tomato is the breaking of the shoots by hand. The operation is preferably handled with gloves. Side-shoot removing is usually carried out in the morning, during this period, the stems break off easily.

You can also pasynkovat tomatoes with a knife or scissors. Blade cutting tool must be sharpened.

Competent remove side shoots of tomatoes gives you the opportunity not to increase the green mass, and a fairly good quality crop of the fruit. Thus all the tomatoes are well filled and healthy.

 

 

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