Advice 1: How to connect ignition coil

During the self-repair of system of ignition of the vehicle associated with the replacement of the coil inductance, as a rule, the car owner, generating a dismantling of specified parts does not burden himself remembering the colors of the insulation of the electrical wires connected to its terminals.
How to connect ignition coil
You will need
  • - wrench 8 mm.
Instruction
1
Dismantling broken, and installing in the engine compartment of a new coil of inductance, the owner in most cases is confused: which wire and which terminal to attach.
2
For those who do not remember the colors of the insulation of the wiring, recall that the "+" terminal of the coil system of ignition is joined by a wire, the insulation of which has a brown color coming from the lock of ignition.
3
And to terminal "K" is attached to the black wire that connects the coil inductance to the terminal of the distributor system ignition.
4
After tightening the screws on the terminals of the coil and the distributor, the car is again ready for further operation.

Advice 2: How to make an inductor

Coil inductance is a rolled into a spiral conductor, storing magnetic energy in a magnetic field. Without this element it is impossible to build neither a radio transmitter nor a radio receiver, for use of the device wired connection. And TV, to which many of us are so accustomed to, without coil inductance unthinkable.
How to make an inductor
You will need
  • Wires of various sections, paper, glue, plastic cylinder, knife, scissors
Instruction
1
The basis of the coil inductance is a conductor. Around the conductor passing through it a current the magnetic field is always present. The strength of this field depends on the strength of current in the conductor. Another way to strengthen the magnetic field to collapse the conductor into a spiral. This is nothing more than a coil of inductance. The smaller the coil diameter, the more turns the stronger the magnetic field generated by the coil. Hams usually wound these coils on their own.
2
Inductance is the ability of the coil to create a magnetic field. Inductance is measured in Henry (H).
3
Coil inductance is not produced in the form of standard parts with standard specifications, as calculated and manufactured for each specific device separately. Therefore, in the manufacture of coil you will need to first consider the characteristics of input and output signals of your radio.
4
For VHF and short-wave oscillatory circuits are made coils with few turns of thick wire. Some of these coils don't have a frame.
5
For transmission and reception of radio signals at medium and long wavelengths are used multiturn coil (single-layer and multi-layer). To make the frame for these coils you will need paper or plastic.
6
The number of turns of the coil when you configure the radios and other equipment will have to pick up experimentally, changing the inductance of the coil. You can do it otmuchivaniem and Domitiana of turns of the coil, but this method is not quite useful in practice. This files most often placed inside the coil pull out a core of special magnetic material. This can be alsever (an alloy of aluminum, iron and silicon).
7
Magnetic cores concentrate the magnetic field of the coil, thus increase its inductance. With this you can reduce the number of turns of the coil, which leads to the decrease of its sizes and dimensions disturbed.

Advice 3: How to ring in the ignition coil

Ignition coil is a step-up transformer. It changes low voltage electric network of the car on high. Signs of a faulty ignition coil usually is not the working condition of all the candles. To ring in the ignition coil is very simple. You only need an ohmmeter or multimeter.
How to ring in the ignition coil
You will need
  • The key is to remove the coil, the ohmmeter or multimeter.
Instruction
1
Open the hood and locate the ignition coil. Disconnect from her high-voltage wire. It is usually suited to a Central contact. Disconnect the two wires a plus (+) and minus (–) from the coil. Remove the coil from the body of the car.
2
Next, check the resistance of the secondary winding. To do this, connect the ohmmeter to the negative (-) terminal and high voltage. The resistance between them should be within 4.5 kω to 6.5 kω.
3
The next step is to check the coil on the insulation or ground. Connect one contact of the ohmmeter to the body of the ignition coil, and the second in turn to each of pins: plus and minus high voltage. The resistance between each terminal and the body coil should not be less than 50 megohms.
Note
Before pozvonyat the ignition coil, it should be inspected visually. If the coil cover has chipped, plavlennogo, usbtest, most likely, it is faulty and can be easily changed to a new one.

In all cases measurements if the resistance differs from the specified value, it means that the ignition coil is not serviceable and it will have to change. The motors where on each candle has its own ignition coil, the resistance values can be different. In this case it is better to take the book on the device and maintenance and learn the operating values of the resistances of the ignition coil.

Advice 4: How to check the ignition coil tester

Most contemporary cars of Russian and foreign production have a contactless system of ignition. Verification of this system does not present great difficulties and may be carried out using a conventional tester.
How to check the ignition coil tester
You will need
  • Voltmeter.
Instruction
1
Before performing this test make sure that the spark at the Central wire of the coil is indeed missing. After that, disconnect the connector that is connected to the switch. Connect the measuring device to the 1 and 2 terminals of the pads, then insert the key and turn the ignition on. Look closely at the voltmeter: it should show the value, which is equal to the voltage at the battery.
2
If the value does not correspond to what you expect to see, check the integrity of the wire that fits to the coil from the switch ignition. If necessary, replace damaged components. After that, connect to 2 and 4 connector on the block. Again turn the ignition on and look at the scale of the instrument. Voltage, which shows the tester should match the battery voltage.
3
Otherwise, disconnect wires from the battery, disconnect the switch connector and measure the resistance between "plus" of the battery 4 and the output of the switch, and between it and terminal 3. Fold the received data, as a result, you'll need to get a resistance value equal to 0.2 Ohms. Remember that these measurements should be carried out when the ignition is on.
4
After that bridge between the connectors that connect to the Hall sensor and switch. Connect the voltmeter to 3 and 5, the pins of the switch. Here, the readings should be 1 to 4 Volts less than the voltage level on the battery.
5
Inspect the coil and verify that the tube in the upper part is in its place. Then measure the resistance of the primary winding, which should be in the range of 0.6 to 0.9 Ohms. The same procedure repeat with the secondary circuit. Here, resistance values range from 6 to 9 kω.

Advice 5: How to connect the ignition switch

If your car is out of order lock switch ignition, replace it you can independently, without resorting to car service. The main thing - to buy a new quality replacement.
How to connect the ignition switch
You will need
  • - new lock ignition switch complete with keys.
  • - flat screwdriver;
  • - Phillips screwdriver;
  • - pliers;
  • - chisel;
  • - hammer;
  • diagram of a car electrical system.
Instruction
1
Disconnect the terminal wires from the minus sign of the battery. Remove the steering column, first using a Phillips head screwdriver, remove the four screws connecting the housings.
2
Unscrew the screws attaching the lower shroud to potelefonu the switch and a screw, screwed into the bracket of the steering column, then the column covers are easily removable. Access to the lock the ignition switch is opened.
3
Remove the bolts securing the ignition switch with a chisel and hammer, as head they cut off. After you slightly loosened the bolts and Unscrew them with pliers. Remove the bracket from the steering column, then remove the lock ignition switch.
4
Disconnect the electrical connector. Remove the screw fastening the ignition relay, take it out from under the panel and disconnect the connector. Disconnect the relay wire going to ground, remove the connector with the wires of the contact group. Install a new lock to the ignition switch, having done all the operations in the reverse order.
5
Find the color scheme of the car's electrical Manual for your car if you need to connect the lock to the ignition switch, which has a broken connector with the wires of the contact group, and you don't know where which wire need to be connected.
6
Understand the diagram. Wire of a certain color coming from the ignition switch, connects a consumer power supply. For example, in the diagram of the car VAZ-2109 lock ignition switch designated by the numeral 52, a pink wire coming from it, relates to side turn indicators (in the diagram marked figure 47), the red wire is the starter (16); blue is the switch of external illumination (42), and so on.
7
Connect the wires of the power supply schematic. Assemble the lock. Connect the negative cable to the battery. Check out the work of the castle, sensors and electrical equipment of the vehicle.

Advice 6: How to troubleshoot the ignition coil

Coil ignition is a type of induction coil is a high voltage autotransformer that uses a burst of self-inductance in the primary winding. Its malfunction may be to open any of the windings, and also in the presence of short-circuited turns and breakouts.
How to troubleshoot the ignition coil
Instruction
1
De-energized electrical system, disconnect and remove the ignition coil. Note how it was connected. Inspect it visually. At its plastic parts should not be chipping - they can be the cause of breakouts. If the bobbin case is dirty, the dirt can cause high voltage leakage.
2
Check the coil on breakage. To do this, use an ordinary ohmmeter. The bell, first primary, then secondary windings. The first should have a very small resistance, the second much more, but the main thing is that neither one nor the other should not be close to infinity. If broken at least one of the windings, the bobbin is defective. Note that total output is the body of the coil. If continuity can not touch the conclusions and the metal parts of the probes, so as not to get a nasty shock voltage of self-induction.
3
Making sure that breaks in both windings not, check the coil for the presence of short-circuited turns. Take another reel of the same type that is working properly. Connect to the secondary winding of the AC voltmeter. Submit to the primary winding sinusoidal signal with frequency of several tens Hz and amplitude about 2 V. Record the voltmeter, disconnect the signal, then repeat the experiment with a standard coil. If the readings differ greatly, the shorted turns are. This reel can produce is greatly reduced voltage, not able to punch a spark interval of a candle. Do not touch during test the coil pins.
4
Try the reel on the absence of breakdowns. Connect the primary winding to a powerful 12-volt DC current across the button contacts designed for a current of 20 A. in Parallel, the button must be connected to a paper condenser of the same capacity that is installed in the ignition system, and is designed for a voltage of less than 1 kV. To the secondary winding connect the candle. Turn the source on and several times quickly press and release the button. If the crack is bugged in the coil with almost the same volume as in the candle, the breakdowns are available, and the coil is faulty. Away from your ear too close to the spark didn't hit him.
5
By results of check make a decision about installing the bobbin back or replace it with a new one. The latter should have the same parameters. If the coil is working and the ignition not working, then the faulty components in the system.
Note
Do not touch live circuits. Keep in mind that high voltage can penetrate the gap up to three inches.

Advice 7: How to check ignition coil on the "Prior"

Ignition coil is one of the most important technical components of car. Serviceable ignition coil – the key to the smooth operation of the engine of the vehicle.
Lada Priora
Unstable operation motor domestic car Lada Priora can depend on many factors, and failure of the ignition coil is one of them. To diagnose damage of the coil, usually helps the sound of the engine. If this item is out of order, the motor begins to "troit," in other words – work is not at full capacity.

Naturally, in case of breakage of the ignition coil, you should immediately contact the service center. But in the case that a breakdown occurs on the road, you can try to cope with it on their own. A minor failure is quite possible to identify and remove himself.

Fault detection



If the engine suddenly began to "troit", the first thing you should pay attention to is the appearance of the ignition coil. A sign that a part has overheated and eventually burned out, are signs of strain on her body, the cracks and irregularities on the plastic surface.

To check the ignition coil, you need to use a multimeter by switching the device into test mode resistance. After that the contacts of the multimeter is necessary to fasten to the first and third contacts details and thus learn her resistance. If the coil is OK, the meter should show a value of about 0.5 Ohm with a small tolerance.

The next stage of diagnosis of the ignition coil is to check secondary wiring this part. To perform this procedure, you must probe red to touch the springs located inside the ignition coil boot. The black probe should be connected to the second contact. If the readings are far from the values of 340 ohms, the case in this case, it is not so good – it looks like the coil burned down.

If multimeter readings are OK, then most likely the ignition coil is working, and the only thing to do is just reinforce her isolation. This will require a special heat shrink tubing (must be in stock at each driver), which must be heated and put on the coil. This procedure will help to cope with the problem of possible leakage Prior.

Better to be safe



Upon expiration of the warranty period of the ignition coil (on car Lada Priora 4 pieces, one for each cylinder), it is desirable to change on new, and if possible to a higher quality. In self-replacing ignition coils it is necessary to turn off the car's weight – so the risk of damage to the electronics is minimized.

The average resource quality ignition coil (often imported) is about one hundred thousand kilometers.

Advice 8: How to check a motorcycle ignition coil

A motorcycle ignition coil is checked by means of visual inspection and on a special stand. In case of Troubleshooting the coil you need to replace the working copy.
Check make at the special stand
Ignition coil is an integral part of the starting system of the motorcycle. The output of the coil failure may cause a no start engine. To ensure efficiency of the system startup motorcycle ignition coil should be checked regularly for defects.

Causes of breakdowns



Premature failure of ignition coil of motorcycle can have the following causes:

1. Burnout of the windings in the output of the ignition with the engine off.

2. The gap in power supply.

3. The increase in gap between spark plug electrodes.

4. The gap of isolation.

Visual inspection



Before checking the ignition coil must be removed from the motorcycle engine. Then performed a visual inspection of the coil, which allows identifying mechanical damage, traces of burns or oil stains. In case of detection of the above symptoms are the coil needs to be replaced.

Equipment to check



Check the ignition coil is on the stands, which are available at specialized service stations. This stand can be assembled from available components and conditions the garage that will allow the motorcycle owner to check the technical condition of the ignition coil yourself. The test bed includes a separate battery.

Bench check



Check the coil on the stand includes consecutive execution of the following tests:

1. To check the efficiency of the primary winding of the coil. Low-voltage coil terminals must be connected to the resistance meter that must be normalized to the value specified in maintenance documentation.

2. To check the status of the secondary winding. An ohmmeter is connected to high-voltage and low-voltage terminal of the ignition coil. If measured at PP 1-2 the resistance is not the normalized values, the coil must be replaced.

3. To check the resistance of the "masses". To do this, connect a resistance meter with one contact to the coil body and the other snap to each terminal in turn. If the resistance is less than specified value, the ignition coil must be replaced.

4. To check the coil for inductance. In case of discrepancy increased inductance specified in the documentation of value must replace the coil.
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