Share thread always goes along the edge of the fabric.
If your cutting no edges, to determine a fractional thread you can, pulling the fabric: the warp threads in the weaving are stretched tight, and the weft threads are freer, therefore, equity the thread is less stretchy. For this reason, it is the common thread, the fabric gives more shrinkage than the weft.
Various degrees of tension of the threads of the fabric allows you to carry out another test to determine the direction of grain lines. Take a piece of fabric at the edge with two hands at a distance of 7-10 inches. Several times dramatically straighten the fabric in this place, at this point you should hear the pop. Fabric because of the strong tension make a voiced cotton, and weft is more remote.
If the fabric is to look at the light, you will see that some threads lie more evenly, the other perpendicular to the first) is more uneven. Equity the thread goes in the direction of more uniform filaments.
If the fabric has NAP, it is usually located along the grain lines.
If the cloth fabric in one direction are cotton yarn, other wool, always wool yarn weft.
Knit fabric stretches in different directions, but in different ways. Along the warp knit is pulled into the pipe, and across the foundations of the accordion.
Failure to comply with the directions common thread, the finished product can greatly stretch, quickly lose the form or it is incorrect to sit on the figure.
When cutting lay the pattern along the grain lines, even if the pattern has no arrows. The exceptions are some types of cutting that require decomposition patterns across or on the bias specified in the instructions specifically.
Advice 2: How to determine the warp yarn
Budding seamstress needs to have an idea about the structure of the tissue. The fabric consists of multiple entanglements equity (core) and transverse (weft) threads. Normally, the warp and weft should be between a straight angle. The correct location of the parts cut on the matter will be of great importance in the process of tailoring. To the execution ofthe thread is beautiful and durable product on the figure, one of the initial stages of work will determine the longitudinal threads woven trim.
You will need
- - cut the working fabric;
- - instructions for pattern products.
The easiest way to find the thread the basics of the canvas – choose long cut with easypayday weaving edge to the left and right. Feel the end of the matter - they must be especially dense. It is through the edge of always is the main thread.
Try to stretch the canvas in different directions. In the direction of the grain lines of the cut will be pulled with difficulty; the transverse thread will be more tensile. This is due to the production of matter: initially, the machine is stretched very long, thread – tough, twisted, able to withstand greater stretch. The space between them is filled with threads shorter – they are soft, fluffy and flexible.
During rapid stretching of matter will emit quiet sounds: the more sonorous (stretched equity thread) or deaf (her make weft yarn). To determine the fabric in sound possible using individual components. Pull out scraps of the working fabric of threads, between which is a right angle. Play them like the strings of the guitar, several times, sharply tug on the ends.
Consider the fabric on the light. You will see that some threads of the fabric lie at an equal distance to one another; they stretched almost exactly in a straight line. This is textile based. But the transverse threads are lying from each other at different distances, plus they will be slightly curved.
Do not neglect the advice of experienced tailors the pattern of your chosen clothes. It is impossible to arrange the details of the cut of the fabric in random order! Usually part of the product is required to be laid so that the vertical shelves (backs, sleeves, belt, podborta, etc.), always lay parallel to the weaving edge. In this case, it will become silhouette and stretched after the first washing.
Tailoring practice shows that the oblique line of the canvas gives the greatest tension of the thread – this is the property of fabric is used in some patterns. For example, when cutting items on the bias line to the skirt or bodice with soft pleats falling down. In any case, first you need to determine the root thread. Then you can put part of the product strictly at an angle of 45 degrees relative to the edge.
To determine a thread-based tissue seamstresses sometimes helps the fleece – fibers generally lie along a longitudinal line.
Advice 3: How to determine that the cat is deaf
Unfortunately, a few percent of cats suffer congenital deafness. It is considered that this is usually the white cat; in fact, for the color of the animal and deafness correspond to the different genes. The coincidence of their combination in one and the same animal is nothing more than an accident. Is there a way to determine what the cat hears nothing?
Imagine that you decided to take the kitten home. Of course, you would want it to be beautiful, good-natured and completely healthy animal. Think for yourself, not hearing a cat in the family is not so much a problem, but some discomfort to create a pet. For example, in order to calm overly "talkative" animal without hearing defects, usually fairly calmly but firmly ask him to stop talking. If the cat is deaf, you will have to adjust its behavior using some other method of exposure.
Before you pick up your kitten home, check how well he hears. To do this, stand behind him or hide in a place where the baby will not be able to see – for example, around a corner or door. Create a noise – clap your hands or whistle. If the kitten shuddered, bounced, or simply fearfully looks around with pinned ears - in General, responds to unusual sounds coming from nowhere - a hearing in this particular animal, everything is in order. If no response to the noise made by you is not followed, it cannot be excluded that the child hears poorly or completely deaf.
If you suspect that your cat suffers from deafness, try to do this test. When the animal had just dozed off, drop to the floor in the same room an empty pot or loudly slam the door. If the cat distinguishes between different sounds, it startled jump from his seat; deaf animal will continue peacefully to sleep without even changing posture.
Do not panic if suddenly found that living in your home the cat hears nothing. First, make sure that the animal actually does not distinguish between the sounds. With absolute certainty you can verify that either a veterinarian or an expert-felinologist. If the animal is really devoid of hearing, it's not so bad, because this defect is usually kompensiruet he's increased sensitivity to air movement and vibration of the floor. You'll hardly be able to sneak up on an adult cat naslyshana unnoticed, because only the kitten does not know what is meant by the vibrations of the floorboards under his feet. Adult animal not only understands that it is someone trying to get closer, but be able to distinguish who of the family members it makes.
Should not be released neslisah the cat outside, since, despite their keen eyesight and sensitive tactile receptors, the animal may not be able to react to sudden hazards. A deaf cat may attack the dog or get hit by a car, so take care of your pet and don't let him outside of the house.