- Fennel seeds
- Complex mineral fertilizer
- Fluorescent lamp
- Nutritious garden soil
- Soil for indoor plants with a neutral reaction.
Unlike tomatoes and cucumbers, there are special varieties of dill, intended for cultivation in the home. Visual varieties of dill differ little from each other. The main difference is the timing of maturation. On this basis the varieties are divided into early, middle and late. Early varieties are gaining the necessary green mass in a very short time – about 10 days earlier than late. But these varieties oblistvennye worse and very quickly pulled in the peduncle. Because fennel is grown primarily for the greens is a preference for late-ripening varieties, such as Kibray, Tetra. Among the late varieties last time, a dedicated group of Bush varieties, they are very well oblitey, from the axils of leaves and grows new shoots. Therefore, each plant looks like a Bush. This varieties grow very slowly and do not have time to ripen in the middle part of Russia, but they are well suited for growing on windowsills. If you manage to find seeds of varieties Russian size, fireworks, Gourmet, it will be the perfect choice.
Dill growing in the open ground is not demanding to the composition of the soil, but for growing dill at home, you must carefully prepare the soil mixture. In autumn, prepare the ground for planting dill. It should be loose garden soil. Before planting, mix it with purchased soil for household plants with a neutral reaction. To make the fennel grows, he needs enough nutritional area. For the cultivation of late varieties of dill, the distance between plants should be at least 15 cm, and for Bush varieties even 30 cm.
To accelerate the germination of seeds and ensure high seed make sure to pre-sowing preparation of seeds of fennel. If you have the opportunity to use aquarium compressor, slide processing, which is called sparging. To do this, seeds are soaked for 18-20 hours in water through which oxygen is constantly circulated. The water temperature should not be below 20 degrees. The seeds are then sowed immediately. The second method is soaking seed in water for 2-3 days. The water is changed every 6-8 hours.
Prepared seeds are sown only in moist soil.
Swipe in a well-moistened soil of the groove depth of about 1 cm Spill their water, without touching the edges of the grooves. At the bottom lay the prepared seeds. The earth from the edges sprinkle on the seeds. Thus, the seeds lie on the wet soil, and the soil on top is dry. This prevents the formation of a dense crust on the surface of the soil. Dill seeds should be sown at intervals of 2-3 weeks, then during the winter you will be provided with fresh greens
Dill grows very poorly when there is insufficient moisture germination. Particularly important to good watering during the germination of seeds and growth of young seedlings. Once in two weeks spend fertilizing complex fertilizers. This can be used, for example, fertilizer for indoor plants "rainbow". The ideal temperature for growing dill 18-20 degrees.
Dill is a very light demanding plant. In order to get a good harvest of greens, you will need to arrange additional lighting in the landings. For this purpose, the height of 50-60 cm install fluorescent lights, they can be the ordinary energy-saving lamps with white light. On the windowsill is enough to dosvechivat shoots for 5-6 hours in the morning. If pots with seedlings located at the back of the room dosvechivat you need at least 15-16 hours.
Advice 2 : Why is dill not growing
The simplicity of the character of dill has made this culture favorite in the garden. However, the seeds of dill can climb partially, or not ascend at all. This is facilitated by the following main reasons.
Dill on acidic soil grows. Therefore, at high acidity it will be useful to make ash, hydrated lime, dolomite flour in advance in the fall.
Heavy clay soils
Dill-the minion will not break through the heavy soil. Seeds just die or seedlings will be minimal and weak. To get fluffy greens, you need to work with soil structure. To improve heavy soil, introducing organic residues, manure, sand, peat, chopped straw, fresh sawdust. Sowing of green manure also gives good result.
Only in well-lit areas fennel is to grow. In the shaded plants will grow pale, weak and without flavor.
Fresh seeds fennel first class have a germination rate of 60%, second - 40%. And their germination dill retains 2...3 years. Buying seeds, freshness can be determined on the "eye", the flavor of the purchased bag. Strong aroma speaks of freshly harvested seed yield.
Incorporation of seeds in the soil
Given the different structure of the soil and sowing seeds should be different. Too shallow or deep planting will affect the quality of germination of dill.
Sowing in rows or randomly
With a thick sowing dill seeds in narrow rows, the seeds begin to push each other and fight for survival. Fennel likes plenty of space and the best option would be planting in wide rows or randomly.
Fennel seeds lugovskoye. Essential oily coat covering the seeds is an obstacle to the rapid germination. Dill seeds to germinate faster, they are soaked in warm water several times changing the water. The first seedlings from high quality seeds emerge in 7 ...10 days. If the seeds do not soak the fennel begins to rise two weeks later.
Dill loves natural food, namely organic matter, humus. Only on nutrient loosened soils can be grown fluffy greens. Fertilizers should not be used. Dill culture fast-growing, useful, vitamin, and extra chemistry totally useless. With weak growth it is better to feed an extract of humates.
Advice 3 : Why dill quickly strelyatsya
Dill - an annual green culture. And of course, plants for the summer season to bloom and produce offspring - seeds. But gardeners primary task is to grow fluffy green vitamin the dill, and then, when the time of pickling and canning, you will need and parasols.
The greens will harvest from sowing of fennel in the very early stages. Dill belongs to the cold-hardy plants is a know it all. What is behind this fact? In the spring the soil moisture is sufficient, daylight is long and plenty of sun. Such conditions need the dill plants. We need just a little bit to help them. But often gardeners allow the following error.
Dill does not like the "collective." It prefers to grow in splendid isolation and not sharing territory with the dill family. Therefore, it is necessary with a thick sowing, to conduct a thinning to provide an eating area and lighting. Wise to sow the seeds in wide grooves or randomly in the beds. In the narrow rows of seedlings, and trample each other, which causes early strelkovanie. Plants, before they grow up and strive to produce offspring - seeds.
Good herbs for dry soil will not grow. The ground should be watered in dry weather. Plants without getting water on time, get stress and strelyatsya.
The quality of the soil
From food obtained from the soil, directly affects the quality dill products. If the ground is dense clay and not Rihanna around growing dill plants will strelkovtsy. Dill loves nutritious, organic, loose, structural, non-acidic soil. The deoxidation during sowing (lime, ash) dill not stand.
What to do when dill began to throw umbrellas?
When unfavorable growth conditions, regardless of seed variety, dill tends to tsvetushnosti. Time to suspend the process of strelkovanie. To do this, simply pinch off the young retractable umbrellas.