The pond should not be in the shade of trees or buildings so it can be lit by the sun at least part of the day. It is best to create it among the flower beds and close to home. And shape of the reservoir can be completely rely on the imagination, the depth of the reservoir depends on its purpose. For example, hoping to leave the fish in the pond for the winter, need to build special wintering pits or wells.
Approximate average depth of the pond is not more than 1.5 meters. It should also be noted that water at this depth is not warming up completely. To do this, leave areas of lesser depth (approximately 0.3 meter).
As for materials, the easiest way is to use ready-moulded forms, but their main drawback - fragility.
There are many other, more reasonable ways to create a frame and means to do so. Experts, for example, suggest the old-fashioned way to do the bottom and sides of the reservoir from the mixture of concrete is at least 400 stamps (part 1), coarse sand (2 parts) and gravel (3 parts).
First you need to fill the bottom. After it cured, proceed to the construction of walls, which should be in the thickness 12-14 cm, and the bottom. They can also have stairs. Concrete wall need in a wooden formwork or flexible plywood (for a pond with curved banks).
After about 2 weeks you have to clean the pond, leaving water in it for 1-2 days. Then make soil, sand, plant aquatic plants, finally pour water and sarilaya.
In autumn it is desirable to drain the water to catch the fish, clean the bottom and, if necessary, to fix an artificial reservoir.
Do not leave in winter, the pond filled with water, because freezing, it destroys the concrete structure.
Advice 2: How to make a pond at the cottage from the bus
Gardeners love to decorate their plots with various decorative elements. A small pondIR with green plants around an excellent variety to the landscape of the infield. Easy, fast and inexpensive you can make a pond out of tyres at the dacha with his hands.
To make the pond the tire with your hands at the cottage, take a big car tire. It is best suitable tyre from a tractor or truck. Free to find it by contacting a qualified service center. As a rule, tires with worn tread is useless.
Clean it of dirt and cut one side of the folded piece. Will fit a hacksaw, sharp knife or electric jigsaw.
Pick a flat area on your site where you want to make a pond out of tyres at the dacha with his hands. Dig a hole. Its diameter and depth should be a little more tyre sizes. Line the bottom, filling it with fine gravel.
Install the prepared tire into the recess and line the bottom with sand.
Cover the bottom of the pond at the cottage with the tire tight cellophane. Better if you can buy a special covering material for pools, otherwise even the most durable cellophane will have to periodically be replaced due to leaks. Please note that the material should be about half a meter after the distribution at the inner surface of the tyre. To cover the material was easy to smooth out the inside of the tire, fill the pond with water.
Eliminate excess folds, and secure the cellophane, pour on the bottom of decorative pebbles. It is desirable that they had no sharp corners.
Remove the edges of the covering material of a pond at the dacha with his hands and lay them on the ground around the tire. Secure them with large and small stones laying on your taste.
If you have a small pump and the ability to bring electricity, install it in the center of the pond, securing the stones. Don't forget to protect the socket from moisture.
So easy to make a pond out of tyres at the dacha with his hands. Now you can do it by decorating with green plants. For this fit, sedge, primrose, forget-me-not swamp, water Lily, cattail, bog, Turchi, iris.