Advice 1: How to make a pond for fish farming

There are many ways to create a pond for fish farming at home - as complex, requiring a great physical and material costs, and simple and cheap.
Before you can create a pond for breeding fish, you should familiarize yourself with the basic requirements of creating an artificial water reservoir.
pond
Instruction
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The pond should not be in the shade of trees or buildings so it can be lit by the sun at least part of the day. It is best to create it among the flower beds and close to home. And shape of the reservoir can be completely rely on the imagination, the depth of the reservoir depends on its purpose. For example, hoping to leave the fish in the pond for the winter, need to build special wintering pits or wells.
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Approximate average depth of the pond is not more than 1.5 meters. It should also be noted that water at this depth is not warming up completely. To do this, leave areas of lesser depth (approximately 0.3 meter).
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As for materials, the easiest way is to use ready-moulded forms, but their main drawback - fragility.
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There are many other, more reasonable ways to create a frame and means to do so. Experts, for example, suggest the old-fashioned way to do the bottom and sides of the reservoir from the mixture of concrete is at least 400 stamps (part 1), coarse sand (2 parts) and gravel (3 parts).
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First you need to fill the bottom. After it cured, proceed to the construction of walls, which should be in the thickness 12-14 cm, and the bottom. They can also have stairs. Concrete wall need in a wooden formwork or flexible plywood (for a pond with curved banks).
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After about 2 weeks you have to clean the pond, leaving water in it for 1-2 days. Then make soil, sand, plant aquatic plants, finally pour water and sarilaya.
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In autumn it is desirable to drain the water to catch the fish, clean the bottom and, if necessary, to fix an artificial reservoir.
Useful advice
Do not leave in winter, the pond filled with water, because freezing, it destroys the concrete structure.

Advice 2 : How to build a pond

How nice on a hot summer day to sit by the picturesque pondand! But what if your site has no body of water? To make a pond you can with your hands. We only need to observe some simple instructions.
How to build a pond
Instruction
1
Before digging the pond, it is necessary to determine its location. It is important that the pond was not under the scorching sun, in harmony with the surrounding landscape and was visible from the house. Well, if there will grow trees that will provide shade. When the optimal location for a pond is found, it is necessary to identify its shape and size. This is done by means of a rope.
How to build a pond
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You then need to dig a pit for the pond. Make sure that the angle of slope is 30°. Otherwise the soil will eventually slide and cover the pond. Clean the bottom of the pit from the roots and other objects such as stones, debris. They can damage the film. You can make a raised bottom, dig a pit stairs. Then in the pond in the shallow, middle and deep parts. If the depth of detegent meters, in the pond it will be possible to start fishing, she'll be able to spend the winter.
How to build a pond
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After this you should cover the bottom and sides of the pit with a special film. It is sold in specialized stores. The joints of the film are glued together with waterproof glue. On the shore of the pond you need to make the overlap of tape. The film need to be fixed, covered with earth from the excavation. You should then put the scenic rocks. They will decorate the pond and fix the film. The pond can be decorated to your taste: put plants, pour sand or pebbles.
How to build a pond

Advice 3 : How to build a pond for breeding fish

If you decide to build your pond for breeding fish, then you just need to know all the details of the device of these reservoirs also do not forget that how you will lay the pond, will envy what fish will be there to dwell.
How to build a pond for breeding fish
Instruction
1
The bottom of the pondand align, holes and low places should not be, their presence leads to waterlogging of the soil.
If the bed of the future pond, as well as its shore there are bushes, trees, stumps or snags, be sure to uninstall all of this with the root, because subsequently they will not interfere with fishing, and will contribute to the growth and sedimentation of the reservoir.
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If possible, clear waters and groundwater, above the dam, in order to increase the flow of water in your pond.
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Better to make the pond drain, so it will be easier to catch fish and to process bottom of the pond, the pond's bottom with drain is less susceptible to siltation and waterlogging, provide a larger increase of fish. Reservoirs can vary in their devices in different types of breeding different types of fish.
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Gully pond, you get the hollows, shallow and dry, and also in shallow ravines. Such reservoirs have a small area, the average depth is about 1.5 meters. The water is well warmed by the sun, the bottom of them muddy, they are filled with vegetation. In gully pondAh breed carp, it is for them the best place. Remember that before you start planting material, the bottom of the reservoir needs to be cleaned and all weed fish to catch.
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The Park and forest ponds often heavily silted, they require the felling of trees and bushes that grow along the shore, the bottom is also clear from the stumps of driftwood. Before you start using the pond, drain it for a year or two and set it the bottom opening. Ponds of this type are suitable for breeding not just carp, but other fish species.
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Ponds-reservoirs have a large area and depth. If you build a pond of this type, pay attention to clearing the bottom of the reservoir. Ponds-reservoirs are suitable for breeding carp, pike, sterlet, trout, bream, carp etc.

Advice 4 : How to make a pond

Pond – spectacular decoration of cottage or garden plot. Design options of many bodies of water: fountains, streams, waterfalls, compositions of rocks, flowers and exotic plants. If you invest in design imagination, then this area will become a favorite place of recreation and a source of pride.
How to make a pond
Instruction
1
To begin, decide what you want out of the pond and what's in it for decorative purposes? Whether he will be part of the overall garden composition, bathing or relaxation, the habitat of fish and aquatic plants? Depends on its design. In addition, you should consider the overall style of the garden and the location of the reservoir relative to the house and other landscape objects. Using landscape design combinations of different plants, stones and decorative elements, you can create a pond that matches any style, direction, and purpose.
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In the design of reservoirs are two main styles: landscape and design. The first is characterized by the maximum approximation to nature for second – fantasy, the deliberate artificiality and conceptuality. Often when creating a design of the reservoir takes into account the style of your home and garden. If a certain, distinct style, it is better to place the pond in the landscape style.
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In the design of reservoirs, close to natural, widely used stones. They are placed along the banks and bottom that creates the illusion of natural beauty. Form a landscape of reservoirs is free. Plants are chosen not exotic, and often wild-growing species of shrubs and grasses, which are found near the shores of natural bodies of water.
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Dropped landscape along the banks of the reservoir compositions of perennials. Pick the plants are diverse in appearance that will create a harmonious transition from lawns, flower beds and other sections of the garden to the water. It could be Aquilegia, daylilies, Vasilenok. The border with water complete your Siberian iris, marsh forget-me-not, loosestrife, ferns. On the surface of the water let the Lemna, Trapa, water lilies.
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To pond in a natural style look natural, the coastal area should be lush. Carefully review and consider the characteristics of the plants. They must feel good on their allotted plots. Decide in advance what types of plants you plant in the sun, in the shade, wet soils, etc.
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Design the pond can be strict geometrical or fancy shapes. For example, to resemble a butterfly or flower. The design uses various types of decor: ceramic tiles, lanterns, clay pots and planters, garden sculpture, fountains, wrought-iron and wooden benches, exotic, richly flowering plants. That is all of that enough of your imagination.
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If the pond nezaplanirovanno the bottom, you can make it so. Hammer the poles, so they are slightly above the water. Place them in clay vases and pots with low-growing plants: forget-me-nots, primroses and any other according to your taste (watering them with a hose).
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The lights warmly illuminate the area of the garden with the pond and give you the opportunity to enjoy them in the evenings.
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Even a small pond can be equipped with a fountain. Water, it is supplied from the water supply via a normal garden hose. The design also uses a pump. In specialized stores you can pick up a fountain for every taste and traditionally classical, and avant-garde.
Useful advice
On a plot with a slight slope can accommodate several ponds connected by waterfalls or streams.
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