The arrangement of the artificial pond should begin with the selection of a suitable site and determine the size of the future pond. It is best to choose a platform at the lowest point of the plot, but to make sure it is well illuminated by the sun throughout the day. It is important that there were large trees with well-developed crowns. Otherwise their leaves will always fall into the water, and large roots can seriously compromise the waterproofing of the reservoir.
The size of the pondand depend on the scale of the whole plot and the intentions of its owner. Classic is considered a pond with a diameter of about 3.5 meters and a depth of about 100-120 cm, But if the area is small, you can make the pond the size of about a meter and a maximum depth of 50 cm it is Important to remember that if you plan on breeding any aquatic plants, the depth should be slightly larger – about 100 cm.
The next step in building a pondand will be the preparation of the pit. In fact it is just a hole to a certain depth with a relatively flat bottom and walls. The shape of the pit can make almost any. If you later intend to use the purchase form ready for waterproofing, the pit has to repeat her lines. If the hard shape, you can give the future a pondat the contours of the circle, oval, eight, etc. the Walls of the finished pit cleared of protruding roots and sharp stones, and the bottom is covered with a thick layer of sand that is well compacted.
Creating a good waterproofing is a very important stage in the regeneration of the pond. If the choice is stopped on purchase rigid form, it is important to make sure that it was made of quality material. Cheap plastic will quickly crack and crumble when exposed to sunlight and temperature changes. Homemade waterproofing is usually made either of concrete, pouring them bottom and walls of the pits or from a film, stacked in several layers. For flexible waterproofing should choose PVC film or if the budget allows, butyl rubber. Such material will last 15 to 30 years. Film line the bottom and walls of the pit, leaving the edges of the small allowances for fixation.
The finished pond is decorated on the edges with natural materials: large boulders, plants, draped with turf. To replenish the fresh water well to hold on to the pondof the artificial stream IK, the edges of which it is also possible to impose a natural stone. The bottom can be decorated with various stones (always with blunt edges) and aquatic plants planted in baskets or small permeable container. Most suitable flowers are water lilies (nymph), beautifully covering the surface of the water.
Advice 2 : How to dig a pond at the cottage
The pond at the country solve the problem of water and swim on a hot day. With a fountain and beautiful lighting it'll transform your site. Will give it a unique beauty. The perfect addition to the pond – landscaped stream that will saturate the water with oxygen. To dig a pond in the country - a manageable problem.
You will need
- - the spade;
- - shovel;
- - wheelbarrow;
- - 3 plastic pipe;
- - plastic film;
- - decorative stone.
For the device of a small pond, you should select the place. The site should be removed from trees to a pond is not clogged with falling leaves.
Take a long rope and mark the contours of the pond, which should be 30 centimeters on the planned reservoir.
Remove the top layer of soil. First, use a spade, then - shovel, removing the loosened soil. The earth put to a car. The top layer of topsoil can be laid under the currant bushes, raspberries, or under fruit trees.
Remove the second layer of the earth. Fold it separately – it is useful for leveling the soil bed in the pond.
For removing the bottom layer you will need circomedia, as the soil at the base of the rocky. This soil also fold separately. It can serve as a substrate for plants in the water.
The bed of the pond plan with great precision. It should be everywhere of equal depth. At unequal height of water can be shed in a low spot.
If you have planned the area of the pond is 3.5 m, its depth should be 0.5 m – Give your pond a semicircular or oval shape.
Having base for the pond, lay her the pipe. Two tubes of plastic material would provide the required water circulation. Move the third pipe to discharge water if it is overflow from the pond during rain. It should be available for cleaning. For the winter drain the water from the pond, and the pipe block.
Take polyethylene film with a thickness of 1 mm and cover a pond. If there is not enough film on the entire area, then glue waterproof glue two pieces. Choosing the color of the film, do not forget that it will depend on the shade of your suburban pond. Fill the pit with water.
If desired, set in the middle of the pond small fountain. In the store you will find a special pump for fountains. The maximum effect from such a fountain will be, if satisfied, multicolored lights. For this you will need a low voltage transformer from 12 to 36 volts.
Shore of the pond decorate with pebbles or decorative stone. In two weeks, don't forget to decorate your cottage pond floating plants: water hyacinth, frog vodokras.
Advice 3 : How to make a pond at the cottage from the bus
Gardeners love to decorate their plots with various decorative elements. A small pondIR with green plants around an excellent variety to the landscape of the infield. Easy, fast and inexpensive you can make a pond out of tyres at the dacha with his hands.
To make the pond the tire with your hands at the cottage, take a big car tire. It is best suitable tyre from a tractor or truck. Free to find it by contacting a qualified service center. As a rule, tires with worn tread is useless.
Clean it of dirt and cut one side of the folded piece. Will fit a hacksaw, sharp knife or electric jigsaw.
Pick a flat area on your site where you want to make a pond out of tyres at the dacha with his hands. Dig a hole. Its diameter and depth should be a little more tyre sizes. Line the bottom, filling it with fine gravel.
Install the prepared tire into the recess and line the bottom with sand.
Cover the bottom of the pond at the cottage with the tire tight cellophane. Better if you can buy a special covering material for pools, otherwise even the most durable cellophane will have to periodically be replaced due to leaks. Please note that the material should be about half a meter after the distribution at the inner surface of the tyre. To cover the material was easy to smooth out the inside of the tire, fill the pond with water.
Eliminate excess folds, and secure the cellophane, pour on the bottom of decorative pebbles. It is desirable that they had no sharp corners.
Remove the edges of the covering material of a pond at the dacha with his hands and lay them on the ground around the tire. Secure them with large and small stones laying on your taste.
If you have a small pump and the ability to bring electricity, install it in the center of the pond, securing the stones. Don't forget to protect the socket from moisture.
So easy to make a pond out of tyres at the dacha with his hands. Now you can do it by decorating with green plants. For this fit, sedge, primrose, forget-me-not swamp, water Lily, cattail, bog, Turchi, iris.