The construction of cellars should start with choosing a location. It is best for this purpose suitable dry elevated area. Selected area with mark making on the ground the size of the cellar on its outer walls. If the area there is vegetation, it must be removed. It is better to choose to build a cellar dry season when there is no rain.
The planned circuit is the boundary for excavation. From the contour lines in the outer direction of choose the soil, tossing it to the side, away from the place of the future cellar. Crumbling soil could complicate the work, in this case you will need to build a sustaining wall.
Dimensions of the pit should be done according to the size exceeding the planned size of the cellar about a meter. This will facilitate subsequent work on the plastering and waterproofing.
Choosing the soil to form the bottom of a future cellar and his walls. On the basis put of the wall of the cellar. The ground under the future walls make very clear, without fill soil.
The walls of the cellar are made of bricks or stones, interlocking them with a solution. You can also arrange for the formwork, the Bay it concrete. Allow sufficient space under the stairs and shelves and place for hanging electrical equipment and lighting.
Pay special attention to unit floor. To do this, the bottom of the pit carefully align and condense the rammer, and then apply it consistently several layers of clay. The topmost layer is made of concrete, its thickness should be not less than 50 mm.
If the wall you have decided to make from wood, pre-stock up on boards. At the corners of the pit kopite posts, pre-treated with a waterproof mastic. To posts fasten from the inside layer of boards. Then obtyanite walls with roofing felt or plastic, and the empty space between the boards and the external walls of the trench cover with soil. Much more impressive will look of the wall in a frame, but the device may become more time-consuming task.
The ceiling is made from thick bars or logs. Such beams are placed on the Board. Can provide a manhole and pipes for ventilation of the cellar. Luke, it is preferable to make a square shape. Overlap insulated by a layer of slag or ground. The hatch trim insulating material.
For ventilation will fit two tubes; the best fit pipes made of plastic, the cross section of 10-15 cm to Position the tubes should be in different parts of the cellar.
The internal structure of the cellar comprises a variety of shelves for food storage. You should allow space between the shelves, it is necessary for air access.
The upper part of the cellar will be above the surface of the earth and will protect the lower part from cooling in winter and overheating in summer. In this part of the cellar is convenient to store the containers, the remaining products used for storage.
Competently arranged and well-prepared cellar will provide long-term storage of various products.