The pit and the floor
After determining the place to begin the digging of the trench. It should be done with the slopes. Their bias depends on the structure of the soil. If the soil is a sandy – slope is steeper.
The finished pit is left for a few days. First of all, in order to see if we are at the bottom of the water. Also during this time, the trench will settle and take shape. You can then concrete. First floor. You can pour concrete, and you can arrange a mud floor. On the bottom is filled with gravel, impregnated with bitumen, not less than 20 cm Then 10 cm of clay with crushed gravel.
If the occurrence of the precarious waters or the soil at the site is sandy, it is better to do the concrete floor. It will consist of a sand cushion of 20 cm in height, reinforcing mesh on top of the sand cushion, which is poured concrete layer 20 see also Reinforcement mesh must not lie on the sand, and must be located within a concrete screed. To do this, under it you need to put on the sand and large stones to raise it 10 cm from the layer of sand and then pour concrete.
The device walls
When the floor is ready and completely dry, proceed to the walls. Can put a wall with brick or booth. You can also concrete. If concrete, it is necessary for the Foundation to install the formwork. The formwork is made of wood. The space between the concrete layer and earth wall is filled with sand.
The floor and the ceiling
Now overlap. You can buy the plates or make them yourself. In prepared formwork fit reinforced mesh (0.8 cm wire thickness, a cell size of 10x10 cm). Under the mesh also enclose the stones to fill after she was inside the concrete. Pour. When the concrete hardens completely (may need, depending on the weather, from three days to a week), the formwork should be removed and the cover overlapping the roofing material. Top – a layer of expanded clay. On top of expanded clay – a layer of soil.
For the cellar, located in the house under the floor of the roofing material need two coats, and over – the overlap of the timber or the coating of boards treated with antiseptic. It will not allow heat to enter your home in a cool place storage of vegetables.
It remains to build a sealed (preferably metal) hatch and ladder for descent. You can make and wooden door with granary castle. Stairs also can be metal and wooden. Or even in the wall of the pit can cut down the ready stage and concreted them.