You will need
- - alcohol;
- - iodine;
- - Zelenka;
- hydrogen peroxide;
- - chlorhexidine;
- - potassium permanganate;
- - ice;
- - warmer;
- - sterile gauze;
Before providing first aid wash your hands thoroughly and treat them with medical alcohol or any other alcohol-containing fluid into the wound is not infected. Clean the head wound with a sterile gauze swab. Do not use wool, its particles can remain in the wound, causing additional complications. If damaged scalp, cut the hair around the distance of 2 cm, wash the damaged area with 3% hydrogen peroxide, chlorhexidine, or a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Around the wound liberally lubricate the skin with iodine, brilliant green, alcohol or saturated solution of potassium permanganate. Keep these funds did not get to the damaged area, as it can cause burning of tissue, that will complicate the process of further healing.
If bleeding is profuse and does not stop independently, apply to the wound with a sterile gauze swab and then apply a compression bandage. To reduce pain, swelling and stop the bleeding, to bandage, you can apply an ice pack or a hot water bottle filled with cold water. As the water will warm up, change the heater. This is especially true in the warm season, if the path to trauma is a significant amount of time.
Foreign objects present in the deep wound, do not attempt to remove yourself. Doing this is very dangerous, because bleeding may increase. Only a qualified surgeon or the surgeon can carry out manipulations on the recovery of foreign objects.
Regardless of the degree of head injury, immediately call an ambulance or take the patient to the nearest trauma on their own. With a deep wound there is a risk of inflammation of the meninges, which can lead to death, therefore, even a slight delay in providing specialized medical care can cost lives.