Advice 1: How to determine the encoding of text file

The encoding of the text in digital documents is called the method of mapping sequences of bytes to characters in the language. There are many different encodings for different languages. To determine the encoding of text file is possible using several software tools.
How to determine the encoding of text file
You will need
  • - Microsoft Office Word;
  • - KWrite;
  • - Mozilla Firefox;
  • - enca.
Instruction
1
Use the editor of Microsoft Office Word if it is installed on the computer to determine the encoding of a text file. To run this application. In the main menu, click "File" and "Open..." or press Ctrl+O. In the open dialog navigate to the desired directory and select the file. Click "Open". If the text encoding is different from CP1251, will automatically open the dialog "Convert file". Activate it in the option "Other" and choose the encoding using the list on the right. When you select the correct encoding in the "Sample" field will be displayed readable text.
2
Apply text editors, allowing for the encoding of the source text. A good example of such an application is KWrite (running KDE on UNIX-like systems). Load the text file into the editor. Then just iterate over the encodings until you see readable text (in KWrite is used for this section of the Encoding Tools menu).
3
Similarly a text editor to determine the file encoding you can use the browser. Use Mozilla Firefox. To run this application. If it is not installed, download the appropriate distribution from the site mozilla.org and install it. Open a browser to the text file. To do this, select in the main menu "File" and "Open file..." or press Ctrl+O. If the loaded text is displayed correctly, expand the "Encoding" of menu "View" and find out the encoding from the name of the item that has the mark. Otherwise choose this option by selecting the various items in the same menu, as well as his section "More".
4
Apply specialized tools to determine the encodings of text files. In UNIX-like systems you can use enca. If necessary install this software using package managers. Print the list of available languages by running the command:

enca --list languages

Determine encoding of a text file, specifying its name with the option -g and the language of the document using the option-L. for Example:

enca -L russian -g /home/vic/tmp/aaa.txt.

Advice 2 : How to change encoding in word

Text documents are not only different formats. Often the text is saved not only in the standard encoding of Windows, but in many others. If you have a text document in a non-standard encoding, many devices and programs just will not be able to read it. To change this you can use different applications, for example, the easiest way is to use MS Office Word.
How to change encoding in word
Instruction
1
Download and install the software MS Office. It has a trial expiration, so you do not have to purchase a license for namegenerator use.
2
Right-click the mouse on the file containing the text in the encoding you want to change, and then select "Open with Microsoft Word". This item may not be if the program was installed recently and it has not yet been performed of the Association of file types. You can also simply open Word, and go via the menu "File" just choose the documents you need. If it was previously saved is not the standard encoding of Windows, the program will offer you the options of mode open, select those you need and click "OK".
3
Click on the menu item "File" in the program. Select "Save as...", define in the resulting window, the directory location of the new document in a new encoding, enter its name and click "Save". You will have a window attributes file, check the encoding value. The most convenient and "readable" is considered to be Unicode.
4
Keep in mind that the document is stored in the location of the source file with the same name will overwrite the original version without the possibility of recovery. If you need both text files in different encodings in the same folder, simply change its name.
5
Be careful not to confuse the extension – set only .doc, if you want to save the document for later reading by using old versions of Word. docx for version 2007 and later. If you save the file in docx format, you will not be able to open it by MS Office, released earlier in 2007, but doc files are readable by all Word versions. Also later versions of the program can support character sets that are not in the previous one.
Useful advice
Make sure that the problem lies in the encoding, not the lack of certain fonts.

Advice 3 : How to decode the document

The encoding of the document is usually called a numerical scheme in which each text token correlated with a specific number. The multiplicity of languages, consisting of different sets of characters, explains the different character set standards. Word documents are stored by default in Unicode.
How to decode the document
You will need
  • - Microsoft Word
Instruction
1
Click the Microsoft Office button to call up the main menu and go to "Word Options" to perform the operation select the default encoding when opening a new file.
2
Select "Advanced" and use the checkbox on the "Confirm file format conversion at open" in the "General" tab. (Uncheck the box for "Confirm file format conversion at open" to prohibiting the display of the dialog box "file Conversion" if you often use formats other than the Word format.)
3
Close to be decoding the file and re-open it.
4
Select "Encoded text" in the dialog "Convert file" and use the option "Other" that allows you to select the desired encoding standard from the dropdown list.
5
Return to the main menu of Microsoft Office and click "Save as" to perform the operation of selecting the encoding standard when you save a document.
6
Specify the name of the document in the "file Name" and run the mouse click on the line "plain text" in the field "file Type".
7
Click "Save" to execute the command and wait for the dialog "Microsoft Office Word compatibility check".
8
Click "Continue" and enter the string "Windows (default) in the new dialog box "Convert file" to save document in Unicode format.
9
Select "MS-DOS" to use the encoding for MS-DOS or use "Other" for self-definition in the required format.
Note
Apply a check mark on "Enable the substitution of characters in the warning message Text in red, it is impossible to save correctly in the chosen encoding."
Useful advice
Apply the check box on the "Insert line breaks" if the file will open the application that do not support line wrapping.

Advice 4 : How to set the Cyrillic alphabet

Cyrillic is used for text input in various programs of the operating system Russian characters from the keyboard. Setting this input mode will not take you much time.
How to set the Cyrillic alphabet
Instruction
1
Open control panel by clicking "start". Go to the menu configuration in languages and regional standards, the screen should appear a setting window with multiple tabs, go to the second, which is responsible for language settings. In this menu you can add different keyboard layouts, edit team for their shift and so on. The default Russian keyboard support Russian input alphabetical characters using the keyboard "alphabet" and English "Latin alphabet". Their switch to user mode of the operating system is configured separately using combinations of two system keys.
2
Locate the settings button for more options by clicking the appropriate button at the top right of the screen. In the field available on the computer keyboard check for Russian, if such was not, add it with the button on the right. If you need advanced settings, click on the language bar settings at the bottom and check the boxes for the desired items. Here set the visibility of the display panel in the menu at the bottom and keys to switch the input mode from Latin to Cyrillic and back.
3
If you need to set up Cyrillic on your computer, the operating system interface which is fully in English, make sure that the support of the Russian language were established when installing Windows, this is usually done by default. However, if any parameter is missing in your operating system, you may need to use disk installed on your PC the distribution of the operating system to enable support for Cyrillic. This happens very rarely. The program will auto add support for text services and after that you will need to restart the computer.
Note
Be careful with configuring language settings, remember, in what section of the control panel you have made the change.

Advice 5 : How to decode the letter

Sometimes it happens that e-mail comes a letter with strange symbols and squiggles instead of letters. This usually happens when the letters are used e-mail program. If the sender uses an encoding that is different from your settings, then there is a need to decipher the letter, to make it available for reading.
How to decode the letter
You will need
  • - a computer or a mobile phone with email
Instruction
1
Open came the "strange" letter. If you use a mail program Windows Mail, double click on the text of the letter. In the opened window choose menu "View" and the option "Encoding". If you assume that the sent letter should be in Russian, select "Cyrillic (KOI8-R)". If the characters in the letter and not turned into familiar letters, check "Advanced". In the popup window with options for different encodings consistently choose from the list each Cyrillic encoding as long as the letter does not acquire a normal appearance.
2
If you use the program "Microsoft Outlook" in the window with a letter, select "more actions" → "Encoding". As in the previous case, first check the encoding to "Cyrillic (KOI8-R)", and if that doesn't help, the section "Advanced" will have to sort through the different proposed encoding by checking the letter after each shift encoding.
3
When using the mail program Outlook Express to change encoding, press the letter to select "Format" → "character Encoding" and choose the appropriate encoding from the list.
4
Encoding in mail client Opera Mail integrated in the Opera browser, changing the browser settings ("View" → "character Encoding"). While this setting will apply not only to mail but to web pages. Can choose the option "Choose automatically" or to try to pick up the encoding from the offered drop down menu choices. After a successful reading of the letter, return the settings of the browser back (by default, you should use encoding "Alphabet" → "Automatic").
Useful advice
In Microsoft Outlook, you can set the encoding of outgoing messages, so they came to your recipients in the normal way. In the menu "Tools" → "Options" select the tab "Messages". Click "Language". In the opened window, in the encoding options for outgoing messages, select "Cyrillic (KOI8-R)" and press "OK".

Advice 6 : How to know the encoding of the site

On modern web pages is mostly used encoding for Unicode. But some of the resources created long ago and since then never upgraded. Besides, even when viewing a modern website browser can detect the encoding correctly.
How to know the encoding of the site
Instruction
1
Maybe the browser was accidentally disabled auto-detection of encoding. Try to turn it on. To do this, select the menu item "View" - "Encoding" (in older versions of Opera and many other browsers), or "Page" - "Encoding" (in the new versions of Opera). Switch mode, which can be called "Automatically" or "Choose automatically". Maybe the text on the page will immediately become readable.
2
If the page display was not normal, find the correct encoding manually. To do this, go to the same menu item as in the previous case, but instead of the automatic mode select the coding KOI-8R - for sitex, created before the transition to Unicode, it is the most common. If it fails try the same method to choose the encoding CP1251, CP866, and if does not help and it pereproshit all the standards were from the category "Cyrillic".
3
Information about the encoding of the page is typically stored in its source code, and it is on the basis of these data it determines the browser. To read the source code of the page, click on the menu, depending on the browser, select "View" - "Source code" or "Page" - "development Tools" - "Source code". In the beginning of the text locate the following line:meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=encodingname" where encodingname - the name of the encoding. Then select in the browser menu this encoding.
4
Standard browser tools powerless, if you use a less common encoding, or the text was subjected to multiple transcoding. To decrypt it, go to online decoder, for example, http://www.artlebedev.ru/tools/decoder/. Place a piece of text from the page in the input box and click "Decrypt". To do this, select the text with the mouse, press Ctrl+C click in the input box and hit Ctrl+V. In the case of success together with the decrypted text you will receive information about what encoding it was.

Advice 7 : How to determine the encoding of text file

The encoding of the text in digital documents is called the method of mapping sequences of bytes to characters in the language. There are many different encodings for different languages. To determine the encoding of text file is possible using several software tools.
How to determine the encoding of text file
You will need
  • - Microsoft Office Word;
  • - KWrite;
  • - Mozilla Firefox;
  • - enca.
Instruction
1
Use the editor of Microsoft Office Word if it is installed on the computer to determine the encoding of a text file. To run this application. In the main menu, click "File" and "Open..." or press Ctrl+O. In the open dialog navigate to the desired directory and select the file. Click "Open". If the text encoding is different from CP1251, will automatically open the dialog "Convert file". Activate it in the option "Other" and choose the encoding using the list on the right. When you select the correct encoding in the "Sample" field will be displayed readable text.
2
Apply text editors, allowing for the encoding of the source text. A good example of such an application is KWrite (running KDE on UNIX-like systems). Load the text file into the editor. Then just iterate over the encodings until you see readable text (in KWrite is used for this section of the Encoding Tools menu).
3
Similarly a text editor to determine the file encoding you can use the browser. Use Mozilla Firefox. To run this application. If it is not installed, download the appropriate distribution from the site mozilla.org and install it. Open a browser to the text file. To do this, select in the main menu "File" and "Open file..." or press Ctrl+O. If the loaded text is displayed correctly, expand the "Encoding" of menu "View" and find out the encoding from the name of the item that has the mark. Otherwise choose this option by selecting the various items in the same menu, as well as his section "More".
4
Apply specialized tools to determine the encodings of text files. In UNIX-like systems you can use enca. If necessary install this software using package managers. Print the list of available languages by running the command:

enca --list languages

Determine encoding of a text file, specifying its name with the option -g and the language of the document using the option-L. for Example:

enca -L russian -g /home/vic/tmp/aaa.txt.
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