Advice 1: How to determine file encoding

There are many ways of encoding information, in which the message is converted into combination of characters. It often happens that when you visit a web page on it instead of letters there are not clear characters.
How to determine file encoding
You will need
  • - computer with Internet access.
Instruction
1
Use the onlinedecoder to find out the encoding of the file and decode the characters. To do this, open the browser, go to http://www.artlebedev.ru/tools/decoder/. This decoder was designed to encode e-mail messages to help users to read the strange email messages.
2
To find out the encoding of the text, copy it to the clipboard, then click in the box to the decoder the right mouse button and select "Paste". Then click "Decrypt". This box will display the decoded text on the page will be specified the source encoding and the encoding that the text was converted.
3
Download a special program to determine the encoding and to transcode text, such as the program of the Tcode. To do this, follow the link http://it.sander.su/download.phpclick on the link TCode, wait for the download of the file. Once the transfer is complete, extract the archive to any folder, run the executable file.
4
Insert text from a filefor which you want to know the encoding, or select button on toolbar "Open file". Next, click the button at the bottom of the screen "Recode". The text file will be automatically encoded in the desired encoding. Source encoding appears in the status bar, and displays the recognition rate of characters. When you hover over this line you can determine which characters were not recognized by the program.
5
Install AkelPad, is able to recognize file encoding. To do this, follow the link http://akelpad.sourceforge.net/ru/download.php and select the version to download. After installation, run the program. Insert text from a file to determine the encoding.
6
Select menu "Encoding" and "Specify encoding" or use the command Alt+F5. A window will appear, which will indicate the source encoding, and also the possibility of recoding the text to the right to read the text encoding.

Advice 2 : How to determine text encoding

Probably everyone at least once faced with such a problem like wrong encoding some text. To e-mail a letter arrives with "unreadable" characters instead of normal Russian letters or you transmit the text document and to read it is not possible, because it is filled with incomprehensible scribbles". All these cases are examples wrong a particular encoding, that is, the sender used the same encoding when creating the message or document, and you try to open the text in another.
How to determine text encoding
You will need
  • A computer running the operating system, Internet access, a text editor (e.g. AkelPad)
Instruction
1
To determine the encoding of the text you can use in several ways. One of them is a special online services are, by definition, encoded in the Internet. For example, go to the website http://charset.ru/in the special field paste the "unreadable" text and click "Decode".
2
Try to detect the encoding automatically by using a text editor. The fact is that many text editors (e.g. AkelPad) can automatically recognize the encoding of the "unreadable" text. To do this, click the top menu "Encoding" - "set the encoding" or press ALT+F5 (in a text editor AkelPad).
3
You can still try to detect the encoding manually. To do this in a text editor, select the menu item "Encoding", then "Open as ...". Most often it will be ANSI, UTF-8, KOI-R. Try to choose a few.
4
To problems with encoding again, configure e-mail client, ICQ client and browser with the correct encoding. To do this, go to settings, select "Encoding" and write back in Latin letters win1251.

Advice 3 : How to change the encoding of the document

"Coding" is called indicating one of the tables with sets of characters (numbers, letters, signs, unprintable characters, etc.). These tables of different applications use when saving and reading of texts. If saved in one encoding, the document will be read using any other, it is very likely that instead of text the user will see an unreadable set of icons, often called "krakozyabry".
How to change the encoding of the document
You will need
  • Word processor Microsoft Office Word.
Instruction
1
Use the text processor Microsoft Office Word to change the encoding of the saved file document. This app in addition to its native doc and docx can work with many formats, so it is unlikely that he will not be able to read the document that you want to resave.
2
Running Word, press Ctrl + O and using the dialog box that opens, browse to and upload a word processor file. By default, this app uses Unicode for today the most universal encoding. If the document you are opening was last saved in any other, that Word will try to identify her. If there's going to be a problem, you will see a dialog box in which you will need to select visually the correct standard.
3
Open the word processor and select Save as. In the dialog that opens, select the storage location of the documentin the "file Name" enter a name and in the drop-down list of "file Type" select "plain text".
4
Click "Save" and Word displays a dialog box with controls you can set the desired encoding. That done, click the OK button and the procedure of transcoding to be completed.
5
If the encoding you want to modify in the web document are used to form displayed in the browser window the page is a hypertext markup language (HTML - HyperText Markup Language), you should modify the appropriate tag. Open the source code and using the search function find the word charset. Next to it (using equals sign) must be shown the current encoding of the document - replace it with the desired value.
6
If you do not specify, add the appropriate meta tag in the header part of the document (before </head> tag). The added line should look like this:<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">Here is set to Unicode utf-8 encoding, but you can replace it with the one you want.
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