Depending on the age, monstera planted for different periods of time. Plant up to 3 years, transplanted 1 every year in the spring. The young shoots are transplanted 3-4 years 1 every 2 years, older fully transplanted only once in 5-6 years. But once a year, regardless of age, monstera remove the top layer of soil and pour new, clean.
Before transplantation, the monster should be shed. You should not take for monster from a big pot. Increase the diameter of the vessel gradually. So, pour on the bottom of the pot drainage layer of broken tiles, stones, coarse sea sand, insert the center support for the monstera bamboo stick or a piece of moss-sphagnum, which is fixed on a stick the twine. Wrapping the moss will help to maintain normal humidity in the pot, and will stimulate the development of aerial roots.
Then towards the middle I put a monsteralearned from the old pot waddled. Soil mixture for transplant the monstera is prepared from 2 parts humus, 1 part sod, 1 part peat and 1 part sand. This mixture sprinkle the roots of monstera, locking in the pot and tamped a little and fill up the ground to the top. Don't forget to water the plant.
After the transplant the monstera some time is under stress, so don't be surprised if some time she will be depressed. Within 1 week it no longer watered.
If you want to propagate monstera, for seedlings, use the top and middle cuttings at least 1 eye. They can be rooted in the substrate, consisting of clean coarse sand or a mixture of peat and sand in equal ratio. After 30 days, rooted monstera be transplanted into the "adult" potty.
Advice 2 : As water monstera
Monstera is a very beautiful climbing plant with huge leaves. The leaves are very decorative and with good care grow to 30-35 cm in length. Native monstera tropical forests of South America, but in the last three centuries has spread throughout the world. In people it is called "crybaby", because before the rain on its leaves are a bit. Water these plants need quite often.
You will need
- - bags filled with earth.
Humidity in rainforests is usually very high throughout the year. In plants there are periods of relative calm, but completely to deprive them of moisture impossible. Monstera very quickly lose their luxurious leaves and may die. But she does not like and swamping. So give the plant good drainage. Winter watering flower moderately. Do not pour. The soil should remain slightly damp and no more. It is better to water less water but more often.
Many species of monstera are from the southern hemisphere. However, they are already so adapted to indoor existence, which is not too follow the natural cycle. So do not break down, when this plant summer, and when it has to be winter. Install mode is exactly the same as for other houseplants. Spring for the inhabitants of your window sill starts in March-April. From this moment, gradually start to pour monstera more abundantly. Heavily moisten the ground and prevent drying out. The soil should be consistently wet, and wet. So water the plant until October-November.
In the summer of monstera can be watered from the bottom. The pot in which this plant lives, should stand quite high and airy pallet. Periodically pour water into the pan. Monstera with pleasure will drink. Wait until the water disappears and pour a new batch.
The monster is very often formed of aerial roots. They have a variety of ways. If the vine is still small and side roots a little, point them straight down. Substitute a plant of a large pan with water below and lateral roots getting wet. Larger plants, such roots can bind the tubes with water. Suit and plastic bags with earth. The soil should be regularly moisturize.
Monstera are not particularly demanding humidity and temperature. Large short-term swings it moves quietly enough, and the air she hydrates. However, try to provide her with a supportive environment and do not let the temperature in the apartment to fall below 18°C.