Advice 1: In Excel how to fix a cell in formula

Formulas in MS Excel by default are "sliding". This means, for example, that when you AutoFill cells, any column in the formula will automatically change the name of the row. The same thing happens with a column name in the AutoFill line. To avoid this, it is enough to put a $ sign in the formula to both coordinates of the cell. However, when working with this program quite often put the problem more difficult.
In Excel how to fix a cell in formula
Instruction
1
In the simplest case, if the formula uses data from one workbook, when you insert a function in the entry field values record the coordinates of a fixed cell in the format $A$1. For example, you need to sum the values in column B1:B10 with the value in cell A3. Then in the function bar, write down the formula in the following format:

=SUM($A$3;B1).

Now when the autocomplete will only change the name string of the second term.
2
Similarly, you can sum data from two different books. Then in the formula we need to specify the full path to the cell in the closed workbook in the following format:

=SUM($A$3;'Drivename:\Catalogproducts\Username\FolderName\[Имя_файла.xls]Sheet1'!A1).


If the second book (called the source) is open and files are in one folder, then in the final book, specify only the path from a file:

=SUM($A$3;[Имя_файла.xls]Sheet1!A1).
3
However, this record if you are going to add or remove rows/columns in the original workbook before the first cell range you want to end the book values in the formula will change. When you insert blank rows above the starting cell, instead of the second term in the formula of the final book will be zeros. To avoid this, the workbook you want to link together.
4
To this end the book will have to add the link column. Open the source workbook, and then select a cell whose value should be recorded regardless of the table operations. Copy this value to clipboard. Go to the sheet in the destination workbook that will contain the formula.
5
In the menu "edit" select "paste Special" and in the opened window click the "Paste link". By default, the cell will be written the expression in the format:

=[Книга2.xls]Sheet1!$And$1.

However, this expression is displayed only in the formula bar and the cell is entered, its value. If you need to bind the end of the book with the next variation from the original, remove the $ sign from the formula.
6
Now in the next column, insert a summation formula in the usual format:

=SUM($A$1;B1),

where $A$1 – address fixed-cell in the final book.
B1 is the cell address containing the formula with the beginning of the variation of a number of other books.
7
In this way the formula is written, the value B1 of the original table will remain unchanged no matter how many lines you added above. If you change it manually, the calculation result by the formula in the destination table will change too.

Advice 2: How to fix a row in Excel

Microsoft Excel has an extensive set of tools for working with spreadsheets, particularly to create viewports on the sheet. This can be done through consolidation of certain rows and columns.
How to fix a row in Excel
You will need
  • computer;
  • - program Microsoft Excel.
Instruction
1
Perform the split or freeze panes sheet to get the opportunity to view two panes or lock rows or columns of one of them. When docked Windows can be selected individual columns or rows that will be displayed on the screen at the time of the scroll sheet.
2
For example, you can fasten the field sheet, leaving on the screen only the row and column headers. When you split the window, in this case the creation of separate regions that can scroll independently from each other, and then the inactive pane will remain on the screen.
3
Highlight the row on the sheet, under which to run the separation sheet. This action will consolidate the selected line on the screen. To block the lines and columns, click the cell to the right and below which you want to divide the sheet.
4
Go to the mode tab, then in the function group Window click the "freeze panes", then select the desired option. Similarly, you can remove the pinning rows and columns. This command is designed to consolidate selected areas in Microsoft Excel 2007 and later.
5
Do the freeze panes in Microsoft Excel earlier versions. To do this, open the desired spreadsheet, select the rowyou want to freeze. Then go to menu "Window". Select "freeze panes".
6
To lock the field and to split the window into multiple parts, place the mouse pointer on the scroll bar next to the line to change it to a bidirectional arrow. Drag the splitter down to the required position. This will allow you to view two parts of a spreadsheet and to fix a few lines in different parts of the document.

Advice 3: As for Excel fix cell

To fix the cell in the spreadsheet, created in Excel, which is included in Microsoft Office package means to create an absolute reference to the selected cell. This action is standard on the Excel and runs regular means.
As for Excel fix cell
Instruction
1
Call the main system menu by pressing the "start" button and click "All programs." Open link in Microsoft Office and run the Excel application. Open to edit the workbook application.
2
An absolute reference in a table formulas is used to specify fixed ' cells. When performing operations of moving or copying absolute references remain unchanged. By default, when you create a new formula uses a relative reference, which can be changed.
3
You want to consolidate ' link in the formula bar and press the function key F4. This action will result in a dollar sign ($) before the selected link. The address for this link will be recorded and the line number, and column letter.
4
Press the function key F4 for fixing only the row address of the selected cell. This will lead to the fact that when pulling formulas line will remain unchanged, and the column will move.
5
Next press the function key F4 will change the cell address. Now there will be a column and the row will move when you move or copy the selected cell.
6
Another way to create absolute cell references in Excel can serve as the operation of fixing the links manually. To do this, with the introduction of the formula you want to print a dollar sign before the column letter and repeat the same action before the line number. This will lead to the fact that both of these parameters ' of the selected cell will be fixed and will not change when you move or copy the cell.
7
Save changes and quit Excel.

Advice 4: In Excel how to freeze a column

When working with tabular data in Microsoft Office Excel there is often a need to display the headers of the columns or rows in each moment, regardless of the current scroll position of the page. Operation that captures the specified columns or rows in the spreadsheet called Microsoft Excel freeze panes.
In Excel how to freeze a column
You will need
  • Spreadsheet editor of Microsoft Office Excel.
Instruction
1
Run the table editor, open a file with the table and navigate to the desired page of the document.
2
If you are using Microsoft Excel version 2007 or 2010, and to consolidate need the left-most column of the current worksheet, just click on the View tab. Expand the dropdown list to "Consolidate region", which is placed in the job command Window. You need the bottom line of the list - "Lock first column" - click on it with the mouse or select by pressing the key with letter "y".
3
If you need to fix not only the first column , select the column located to the right of the last column of the anchoring group. To do this, click with the left mouse button the title of this column, ie, cell over-the-top string when you hover over that, it changes form and becomes a black arrow pointing down.
4
Open the "freeze panes" tab on the "View" menu of the table editor, but this time select the top most line is "freeze panes". This menu option may fail if the worksheet is already enshrined in other region. In this case, its place in the list will be a command to "Remove the freeze panes" - select it first, and then expand the list and select returning to the scene the item "freeze panes".
5
In the 2003 version of the table editor menus are arranged differently, so selecting the column, following the anchoring, expand "Window" and select "freeze panes". This team is one for all the variants of fastening.
6
If it is necessary to consolidate not only speakers, but also some number of rows, highlight the first cell of the floating region, i.e. the upper and the left of the scrolled area of the table. Then, in Excel 2007 and 2010 repeat the fourth step and in Excel 2003 select "freeze panes" from the "Window".
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