Before find in the offer of the sacrament, is to understand very clearly what this part of speech and what are her distinctive features.
The sacrament has properties of a verb and an adjective. Of the verb he, transitivity, recoverability, time and collateral. As an adjective the participle denotes a feature of an object, answers the question "what?", serves in the offer an agreed definition or the nominal part of compound predicate, and leaning (inflected for gender, case and number).
The education of communion is closely related to transitivity and the verb form of which it is. Valid present participles are formed from the basis of present time with the help of suffixes –usch-, -yusch- (I conjugation) and –arg-, -.- (II, second): "crying-ut – cry-caus-iy", "medical-at – medical-ash-rd". A valid past participle are formed from the basis of the infinitive by replacing the suffix –th, -ti in the suffix –VSH-, -sh-: "nes-ti – nes-ø-iy". For the formation of passive present participles use the suffix –em- (I conjugation) and im (II conjugation): "bless- bless-them-th". Passive voice the past participle are obtained from the basis of the infinitive in –at, -et with the suffix –NN-: ".-t – .-NN-yy". Verbs in –ing form participles with the suffix –Ann-: "forgive-you – leave-Ann-yy". But verbs in –ot, -ut, -yt get the suffix –t-: "specificat-th – inflatable-t-yy".
Read the whole sentence and do the parsing. Find the words that answer the question "what?". Determine which part of speech they are formed. If from the verb, but indicate a feature of an object in action and have distinct grammatical categories of verb and adjective, you communion.
Please note that in the modern Russian language a communion completely lose verbal signs and go to the category of adjectives: "outstanding achievement", "pickled apples". It should also distinguish adjectives and participles formed morphological-syntactic way: "beaten man" (participle) "a truism" (adjective).
Communion in full uniform in the proposal are the definition and brief – are used as nominal part of compound predicate.
Defining the sacrament, we will absolutely look into suffix. Some of the suffixes are unique to participles and adjectives do not have (-yusch-, -TS-, -t -, im ): "rice-yusch-iy", "Beja-VSH-iy", "Zaba-t-yy", "nevid-th".
Advice 2: Participle as part of speech
A participle is a verb form that has properties of both verb and adjective. From the verb have communion, transitivity, repayment and collateral, and from the adjective – change on cases, numbers and genders, and agreeing with the noun. The participle, as an adjective, refers to the features of the subject.
Grammatical signs of the sacrament
As a special form of the verb the participle has some of the characteristics of this part of speech. They come in perfective and imperfective aspect: "prompt – impel," "to worry about."; recurrent and irrevocable: "decided", "sleep"; and past participle: "think", "running".
Unlike the verb, the participle has no future tense.
Denoting a feature of an object, the participle is like an adjective grammatically dependent on the noun and agrees with it in gender, number and case. For example: "boiling flow boiling flow boiling flow boiling flow; boiling lava, boiling milk".
Types and ways of forming participles
The lexical meaning of the sacrament – a sign of the subject's action consists of the grammatical features of this part of speech. For example: "singing birds" (those who sing now) "singing birds" (those who sang in the past), "discuss the issue" (one that anyone is discussing now), "discussed" (discussed).
Accordingly, in the Russian language there are 4 forms of participles: active present and past tense, passive voice and past participle.
The first group of participles (valid date) are formed from base verbs present with the suffix-usch- (-yusch -)- arg- (-.-). The choice of suffix depends on the verb conjugations. For example: "crying-ut – cry-caus-iy", "Kol-ut – number-yusch-iy" - I conjugation; the "Lech-at – medical-ash-s", "cle-NY – cle-.-iy" – II conjugation.
A valid sacrament in the past tense are formed from the infinitive by replacing the suffixes –Ty, -ti in the suffix –VSH-, -sh-. For example: "run – Beja-VSH-iy", "nes-ti – nes-ø-iy".
Passive present participles are formed from verbs, standing in the present time, with the help of suffixes –em- (I conjugation) and im (II conjugation): "Lele-em – Lele-em-yy", "bless- bless-them-th".
Passive the past participle is formed from the foundations of the indefinite form of the verb with the suffix –NN-if the verbs end in –at, -et. Verbs on –it receives the suffix –Ann-, like verbs in –ish, -CH, and verbs ending in –ot, -ut, - yt-, get the suffix –t-. For example: "write – compl-NN-yy", "occupy-be – zahvat-Ann-yy", "save – read-Ann-yy", "Zaba-be – forgotten t-yy".
Brief communion, as well as short adjectives are in the sentence, the nominal part of a compound nominal predicate.
Passive participles have the short form with truncated endings: -a, -o, -s. For example: "sent, sent-sent-sent-s."