Advice 1: How to find the offer communion

Communion – espregueira form of the verb, similar in its lexical-grammatical properties of the adjective. Therefore, some linguists call the communion of the verbal-nominal form. It is important to recognize this part of speech. Since the spelling of words in the Russian language often depends on the parts of speech to which they belong. Besides, along with dependent words of the sacrament forms the turnover, which sentence may be released by commas.
How to find the offer communion
Instruction
1
Before find in the offer of the sacrament, is to understand very clearly what this part of speech and what are her distinctive features.
2
The sacrament has properties of a verb and an adjective. Of the verb he, transitivity, recoverability, time and collateral. As an adjective the participle denotes a feature of an object, answers the question "what?", serves in the offer an agreed definition or the nominal part of compound predicate, and leaning (inflected for gender, case and number).
3
The education of communion is closely related to transitivity and the verb form of which it is. Valid present participles are formed from the basis of present time with the help of suffixes –usch-, -yusch- (I conjugation) and –arg-, -.- (II, second): "crying-ut – cry-caus-iy", "medical-at – medical-ash-rd". A valid past participle are formed from the basis of the infinitive by replacing the suffix –th, -ti in the suffix –VSH-, -sh-: "nes-ti – nes-ø-iy". For the formation of passive present participles use the suffix –em- (I conjugation) and im (II conjugation): "bless- bless-them-th". Passive voice the past participle are obtained from the basis of the infinitive in –at, -et with the suffix –NN-: ".-t – .-NN-yy". Verbs in –ing form participles with the suffix –Ann-: "forgive-you – leave-Ann-yy". But verbs in –ot, -ut, -yt get the suffix –t-: "specificat-th – inflatable-t-yy".
4
Read the whole sentence and do the parsing. Find the words that answer the question "what?". Determine which part of speech they are formed. If from the verb, but indicate a feature of an object in action and have distinct grammatical categories of verb and adjective, you communion.
5
Please note that in the modern Russian language a communion completely lose verbal signs and go to the category of adjectives: "outstanding achievement", "pickled apples". It should also distinguish adjectives and participles formed morphological-syntactic way: "beaten man" (participle) "a truism" (adjective).
Note
Communion in full uniform in the proposal are the definition and brief – are used as nominal part of compound predicate.
Useful advice
Defining the sacrament, we will absolutely look into suffix. Some of the suffixes are unique to participles and adjectives do not have (-yusch-, -TS-, -t -, im ): "rice-yusch-iy", "Beja-VSH-iy", "Zaba-t-yy", "nevid-th".

Advice 2 : How to identify a gerund

The participle (participium) translated from Latin means "tracing". It espregueira verb form that marks the feature of an object by the action. Together with a dependent word communion forms the turnover is, you want to be able to find in the sentence to avoid punctuation errors.
How to identify a gerund
Instruction
1
The participle combines the characteristics of a verb and an adjective. Therefore, some linguists include the sacrament of the morphological category of adjectives. Legalnosti communion is manifested in the existence of categories of collateral, and time. With adjectives it brings the total value of the characteristic of the object, and change according to the gender, case and number.
2
The greatest difficulty causes the distinction between participles and adjectives. Both parts respond to the same questions "what?", "what?" and indicate the symptom of the subject. To determine that before you – participle or adjective – try to change the word turnover "the one who + verb". For example: "trailing – the one that slides", "lit – the one warm". If such a change was possible, before your communion. Adjectives change to such trafficking is impossible: "winter", "sleepy", "green".
3
If communion is the dependent word, together they form a involved in trafficking. For example: "Read the letter lay on the table". In this sentence, the participle "read" acts as a simple definition, it has no dependent words. This is the solitary communion. "Mom read the letter lay on the table". Here, "read by mommy" is involved in the turnover ofom: "read by whom? mom."
4
In the proposals involved in the turnover can stand before the modified word: "the Teacher checked the dictation written the day before". Here define the word "dictation" - "what?" - "written before" (involved in trafficking). It can also be placed after the defined words: "the Teacher checked the dictation written the day before".
5
Depending on before or after the defined costs involved in turnover, it either stands out in the letter with commas or not. For example: "the Road was in the marshes with pine forests". Define the word "wetlands" (from it is the question to communion: "of wetlands what? covered"). There is in the proposal and is involved in trafficking: "overgrown – those who shoots what? forest what? pine". It is designated after the word and comma stands out. But involved in the turnover of thes in front of the designated word, not isolated: "the Road went among the pine forest of the marshes".
Note
The literary norm is the location of a participial phrase directly before or after the designated word ("singing in the forest birds" and "birds singing in the forest"). The separation of the participial phrase from the main in other words is a speech error ("birds drowned out the rustle of leaves singing in the forest" would be correct: "singing in the forest birds were drowned out by the rustle of leaves").
Useful advice
Regardless of the location of the single participle in the sentence with commas are not highlighted: "there were flowers wilted".
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