Open the context menu of the desktop computer running the Windows OS version XP, click the right mouse button on empty space and select "Properties". Use the tab "desktop" in the dialog box, and click "customize desktop". Apply the check boxes in the rows for the desired item and confirm saving the changes by pressing the OK button.
Open the context menu of the desktop PC is running Windows version 7 or Vista, click the right mouse button on empty space and select "Personalize". Open the link "Change icons of the desktop" and apply the check boxes for the desired components. Confirm the selected actions by clicking the OK button.
If you cannot restore the desktop icons by the method described above run utility task Manager by simultaneously pressing function keys Ctrl, Alt and Del. Go to the "Applications" tab of the resulting window and click "New task". Type regedit in the Open box in the new dialog window.
Expand the branch HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\WindowsNT\CurrentVersion and expand the folder named Winlogon double click. Select the parameter with the name Shell and open it also by double-clicking. Change the value of this key to explorer.exe and confirm saving the changes by pressing the OK button.
Navigate to the Image File Execution Options folder, located in the same branch, and remove the option explorer.exe in the right part of the dialog box. Save the made changes by pressing OK button and exit the utility registry editor.
If all these steps don't restore the desktop icons, use a specialized application of AVZ to restore normal operation of the system.