You will need
- - stick with a length of 20 cm;
- - woolen threads of different colors;
- - thread basis;
- - scissors;
- - a piece of cardboard.
Prepare materials for a small rug. Make frame. It is a rectangle, whose dimensions are a few more sizes of future products. Try to keep the angles were strictly straight. The bottom bracket is rigidly fixed to the sidewalls, the top is inserted in special grooves. Parallelism is governed by special wedges. The frame is usually attached to the frame.
Decide whether you want to make a carpet with pile or without. In any case, you need to determine the approximate density of weaving to divide the figure into the cell. The best option – 22 knot at every 10 cm for the carpet with a NAP. To begin, however, better with a smooth, obrazovannogo simple perepletena. When performing pattern I think not separate the warp threads and the pairs. On some machines the warp threads are put on cloves. But quite often they just wrapped the top and bottom strips of the frame. Both Reiki mark, to observe the parallelism.
The thread for the basics needs to be twisted and strong enough. It can be cotton, linen or synthetic. Carpet with a pile, choose a colorless base or one that fits in color to the wool yarn. For lint-free product is most suitable undyed cotton or linen.
Pull the thread. To the bottom bracket must be firmly attached. The top rail is a little lower. Tie the thread to the bottom rail at a distance of approximately 10 cm from the side, then slide it vertically, flip over the top rail and hangs vertically down. Start the thread from under the bottom bracket. Repeat procedure, ending to form the basis of approximately 10 cm to the second sidewall. If you've started to wind the base from below, and end the string needs at the bottom.
Between the sidewalls and the outermost warp threads to make the bead, pulling several of the threads. They need to make your rug did not turn.
Pick a color of yarn. Before you start to weave, check, they shed or not. Washable Mat, of course, have infrequently, but it is not excluded. The first time it is better to avoid subtle color transitions. Pick up the bright thread of primary colors. Better yarn to wind in a coil.
Make a drawing. If you can't draw, find a suitable image on the Internet. It is desirable that it was a picture with a large brim, with a small number of parts. The picture can be processed in Adobe Photoshop, making it black and white and removing the excess. Spread the color field. Them for clarity, color pencil or marker. Break the pattern cells. The process is basically the same as in the preparation of pattern for cross stitch or tapestry. Each cell included 1 pair of thread basics, thread cross weave (weft) are counted by the number of strips.
With wedges a bit raise the upper limit to the threads of the framework taut. Define even and odd threads. The distance between them is called the throat. Put between the even and odd threads long round rail, It needs to be somewhat greater than the width of the base. For large carpet rake is used with a diameter of about 2.5 cm. in the manufacture of products from thin threads its function often performs the cardboard strip.
Attach the right rail the same thread as the basics. It is needed in order to merge a couple of threads. If the carpet is wide, it is possible for convenience to reel it in a little ball. Print the thread forward, wrap the first couple threads the basics one turn, swipe to the next pair and also its wrap. Therefore pull the thread through. The end of the tie to the left side. On top do the same.
Mark the even numbered pairs. This can be done by using a short thread. This is necessary to avoid confusion in the process, because the weave is alternating first pair of threads turns in front of the weft thread in the next row it will be back.
Yarn for the weft wind in a small glomeruli. It is very convenient to use a fairly large shuttles for frivolite. The first row pad from left to right. Spend thread, as in ordinary weaving, first in front of a pair of warp, and then behind. Press the number of weft to the edge, i.e. to the thread that you wrapped loop. To the ranks of the laid down densely, very often use a special mallet with several metal teeth. Following a number of spin from right to left. Spend the weft thread over a pair of warp threads, if the previous row she was under it, and Vice versa.
Carpets without pile pattern around the perimeter is usually formed by alternating threads of different colors. But nothing prevents to make floral or geometric ornament and schematic. Do not forget to lock the thread. The basic pattern braid pattern.
Advice 2 : How to raise pile carpet
Carpets are an essential attribute of any apartment. They can be used to soften the interior and make it more cozy. Unfortunately, carpets tend to get dirty. Even regular vacuuming and cleaning agents can preserve the former beauty. So, wishing to raise the pile of the carpet will have to conduct a "General" cleaning.
There are several ways to bring the carpet up. Start with the traditional methods. If you started cleaning carpet in the winter, take it outside and carefully emboss the back with a special stick. After that, clean it snow, for example, dense clumps.
If your carpet is not heavily soiled, sprinkle it with fine salt. You lift the pile, giving it a Shine and get rid of dust. Upon completion of the procedure just dip the broom in the soapy water and sweep up the salt from the carpet. If small particles still remained on the surface, remove them with a carpet beater.
A great way to clean the carpet and lift the pile will be the use of wheat bran or sawdust. In the latter case, sift them and soak in soapy water, in which pre-pour a little gasoline. Now go on to carpet cleaning. Emboss it first, carefully, then moisten with the vinegar solution (in a bucket of water you just need 2 tablespoons), and in the end wipe sawdust. Bran "cook" a bit differently. In particular, take 5 liters of water, one kilogram of bran and mix. After you strained the liquid, soak it to the carpet and wipe with a dry cloth.
The owners of carpet with a short NAP may also slightly raise it. To do this, take a small piece of stale bread and spread it on the carpet. In conclusion, sweep up crumbs with a broom or sponge.
Quite often on the carpet are formed samini of the pile. To get rid of them, hold the carpet over the steam in problem areas, and then carefully emboss it from the back. This will raise the NAP. To give the carpet its original look, iron the treated areas with iron. Do it on weight. If you wish, you can add a little cloth, fading of the carpet. To do this, with the help of woolen yarn and make loops on its front side, and then cut the ring with scissors and trim.
As you can see, the return of the carpet a beautiful appearance easy. The main thing – hard work.