Advice 1: How to choose a gold cross

Lately, when people there has been a growing interest in their history, their roots, in everyday life has returned religious ceremonies. In this rite, symbolizing admission to the faith is baptism. Past his man needs to wear on the body of the cross as a symbol of his faith and a talisman. The cross may be made of any material – wood, stone, metal. Many people prefer to wear the gold pectoral cross.
How to choose a gold cross
The Golden cross can be purchased in a jewelry store or at the many jewelry shops that are working today in monasteries and farmsteads. It can be ordered on the Internet as well. Their range is so great that the choice becomes quite difficult. This process is quite intimate, so choose a gold cross in accordance with their preferences and taste.
For men's and boys ' suit crosses a simple, concise form, without precious stones. Women and girls can pick up an exquisite cross, decorated with engraving and inlays of gold of different samples of precious stones. Children choose crosses of small size, not more than 2 cm, and adults can also be limited to 2.5 – 3 centimeters. Men's crosses are traditionally larger and heavier than those designed for women.
With regard to form, the Church accept the crosses of every form four -, six - and eight-pointed. They can be written in the words of the prayer or the traditional "Save and protect", and can not be written anything. Allowed for Orthodox, as for Catholics, crosses with the crucifixion or without, with straight rails or rails is artistically embellished with petal shape. In the monastic workshops even include a cross, repeating the old forms that were adopted during the baptism of Rus and later.
Choosing the crucifixion, pay attention to what position are the feet of Christ. On the Catholic cross Christ is depicted with crossed feet they nailed to the cross with one nail. Orthodox cross on the feet of the Savior are nailed next to each other, and two nails.
Stop your choice on the cross, which one you like and wear it not as decoration but as a sign of your unity with the Lord for their salvation with faith and reverence.
The cross should be consecrated by the Catholic, Orthodox, or other religious custom. At the monastery all offer buyers the crosses are sanctified. If you purchased it in the store or via the Internet, you will definitely consecrate him to the Church.

Advice 2: What is the difference between Catholic crosses from the Orthodox

In modern stores and Church shops you can buy crosses of different shapes. However, not everyone can distinguish between Orthodox and Catholic crosses, despite serious differences.
What is the difference between Catholic crosses from the Orthodox

The shape of the cross

In Orthodoxy spread crosses with 6 and 8 ends. It is believed that the best protection from evil, and evil spirits provides the eight-pointed cross. His 8 tips reflect all periods of human history, the last of which is the Kingdom of heaven.

Such a cross has a small top bar symbolizes the sign, which is nailed in ancient times over the prisoners and explained their crimes. At the bottom of the eight-pointed cross is oblique crossbar. Its first value is the foot of the cross, and the second is unbalanced in this world of sins, pointing to the path of revival.

Six-pointed cross is also supplemented with a sloping crossbar, but in this case, the lower end is a symbol of unrepentant sin, upper — liberation through repentance.

At the same time, the Catholic cross has only 4 end. It looks more simple, and its lower part extended.

The position of the body of Christ

Catholic crucifix Jesus looks realistic: clearly that his body is experiencing severe suffering. Christ's hands SAG under the weight of the rest of the body and of the wounds oozing blood. This image seems plausible, but does not reflect the future occurrence of eternal life.

In the Orthodox crucifixion life triumphs over death. The image of the son of God filled with humility and joy of the resurrection. Jesus is depicted with open palms, which are directed to all of humanity. It looks not just as the crucified man, but as God.

The number of nails in the crucifixion

In Orthodoxy there are numerous shrines, among them, 4 nails, which, according to tradition, Jesus was nailed to a cross. This means that hands and feet nailed separately.

The Catholic Church has a different view: it holds 3 nail with which Christ was fixed on the crucifix. From this it is concluded that put together the legs were nailed with a single nail.

The inscription on the cross

Above the head of Jesus fixed plate. It should contain a description of the offense, however, the Procurator of Judea, Pontius Pilate was unable to do so. In this regard, the plate was inscription: "Jesus of Nazareth king of the Jews" in three languages: Greek, Latin and Aramaic.

The inscription the same, on the Catholic cross, it looks like "INRI" and the Orthodox "IHHI".

Advice 3: Why the cross became the symbol of Christianity

Hard to find in the world culture more common symbol than the cross. For Christians the cross is the main relic related to the life and death of Jesus Christ. However, different branches of Christianity since its inception and to this day debate about the form and substance of the cross as the main object of worship.
Why the cross became the symbol of Christianity
Meanwhile, the symbol of the cross was used in various pagan beliefs long before Christianity. This is confirmed by archaeological finds across Europe, in Persia, Syria, India, Egypt. In Ancient Egypt the cross with a ring at the top, the Ankh was the symbol of life and rebirth after death. Cross the ancient Celts, where the equal rays extend beyond the borders of the circle represented the Union of earth and heaven, male and female. In Ancient India the cross was depicted at the hands of Lord Krishna, and in North America the Indians Moscow believed that he casts out evil spirits.

The penalty at Calvary

Despite the fact that the Christian cross is also a symbol of rebirth and eternal life after death, his first appearance in religion was connected with the execution of Jesus Christ. The crucifix on the infamous pole is widely used as punishment in Ancient Rome. The cross was used to punish the worst criminals: traitors, rebels, robbers.

By order of the Roman Procurator Pontius Pilate, Jesus was crucified along with two thieves, one of whom repented before death, and the other continued to the last breath to curse his executioners. Immediately after the death of Christ, his cross has become the main Shrine of the new religion and took the name of the Holy cross.

A branch from the tree of Knowledge

There are many theories about the origin of the wood from which was made the true Cross. One of the legends tells that the dry branch from the tree of Knowledge sprouted through Adam's body and became a huge tree.

Thousands of years later, this tree was ordered cut down by king Solomon to use in the construction of the temple in Jerusalem. But the log did not fit well and made of him a bridge. When renowned for his wisdom the Queen of Sheba visited Solomon, she refused to go over the bridge, saying that the Savior of the world be hanged on this tree. Solomon ordered to bury the logs as deep as possible, and after some time in this place there was a pool with healing water.

Before the execution of Jesus the beam emerged from the waters of the baths and decided to make the main vertical pole of the cross. The remaining part of the cross was made of other trees, also has a symbolic value of cedar, olive, cypress.

The crucifixion in Christianity

Form of the crucifixion is still the subject of theological and philosophical discussion. Traditional cross consisting of two perpendicular beams, is called the Latin cross used in the Catholic branch of Christianity, along with the sculptural image of the crucified Christ.

In the Orthodox tradition, except the bar for the hands, there is the lower oblique bar, which were driven through Christ's feet, and the upper in the form of tablets, on which was written NC ( "Jesus of Nazareth, king of the Jews"). Oblique crossbar symbolizes the two thieves who died with Jesus: the end, which looks up - that repented and ascended into heaven, descended down to the fact that persisted in sin and went to hell.

In addition, there is a theory that death by crucifixion was carried out not on the cross, and on a regular post. As a result, many religious groups deny the existence of the cross or deny the worship of relics: the Cathars, the Mormons, the Jehovah's Witnesses.

The symbol of the cross from religious traditions have become part of daily life with a lot of established expressions. For example, "bear your cross" means "to endure hardship" and to say that the person is no cross - so to call him shameless.

Advice 4: Why wear the cross?

At Baptism the priest wears to receive the Sacrament pectoral cross. Today it marks the conversion of the Christian Orthodox faith. Whether it is necessary now to wear it constantly or is there some special procedure?
Why wear the cross?

The cross is the symbol of belonging to the Orthodox Church

For the first time about the people who wore on his breast the symbols of the cross, mentions the theologian John Chrysostom (347-407). in the 3rd part of his work "Against anomie". But he dealt with encolpion-medallions. Originally it was a wooden four-sided drawers with relics. Early on inside could be relics of the chips with the tree of Calvary, of the lists of the sacred books, and other relics. On the outer side of encolpion (in Greek "chest") depicted the monogram of the name of Jesus Christ. Directly crosses in wide use appear in IX-XI centuries.

In Russia the tradition of the wearing of a cross dates back to the XVII century. Then he has become a mandatory part during the procedure of baptism. Adults wore it over the clothes, parading as a clear indicator of Christian baptism. Pectoral – a large pectoral cross which is worn by Russian Orthodox priests according to Sana'a – appeared later, in the XVIII century.

The wearing of the cross is the honor and responsibility

Wearing on your chest pectoral cross for the true believer, an Orthodox person is an honour and a great responsibility. Blasphemous or scornful attitude to the cross is always frowned upon and was perceived by the people as an act of apostasy and insults the dignity of believers.

Widely known in Russia this rite is the oath of allegiance, as krestotselovanie, the Russian people crucifix changed and became sister cities. The cross on the chest symbolizes a sense of ownership to the suffering and heroism of Jesus Christ and a willingness to follow the commandments of the Gospel of the Savior, struggle with their passions, not to condemn and to forgive loved ones.

How to wear

The pectoral cross is not a talisman not talisman. And it's not fashionable decoration on an expensive gold chain that is worn a sort of a case to a particular outfit. On the other hand, you have to understand that in itself the wearing of a cross from anything else it gives little meaning to an unbeliever. The attitude of the cross should be appropriate to the faith.

Someone will not part with him in the bath – there was even a special removable wooden crosses, the metal is not annealed chest. But to blindly follow all the superstitions associated with the cross, too extreme. Of course, to lose or leave somewhere your cross – event unpleasant. But it still says only one thing: broken rope or chain.

Advice 5: What is the cross better buy: gold or silver

The cross is not just a decoration, a symbol of the Christian faith, a talisman against evil. If you choose this jewelry mainly adhere to many rules and trends of fashion, but also the requirements of the Church must be considered in order to know exactly what to prefer – silver or gold.
What is the cross better buy: gold or silver
Originally the cross was a sign of the Christian religion of man, and of what material it was made, had no value. Only the middle of the XVIII century crucifix became an ornament. People belonging to upper class, considered it unworthy to wear a tin or wooden crosses, as the common people, and sought to acquire gold or at least silver, and the richest was decorated with the symbol of faith precious stones.

In the early 90-ies of the last century, the cross had lost its true meaning among the ordinary people and became a symbol of the so-called "new Russians". Only true followers of Christianity at all times observe the Christian canons and for them, the size and material of the cross had no value.

Now Christianity back their position, many tend to get baptized and pectoral cross. But when choosing this article of faith most people still prefer the expensive of his options, making a choice rather according to the rules of fashion, and not religion.

The choice of the pectoral cross according to the Church rules

Before the rite of baptism to many, the question arises about what kind of cross to choose, gold or silver. Actually, the Church does not set any rules regarding the material of which must be completed pectoral cross. But, according to ancient ecclesiastical annals, initially gold was considered sinful by the metal, which leads to strife and wars. And now you can see on the shelves of Church benches and stalls great choice is the silver pectoral cross and gold are sold mainly to jewelry shops and boutiques.

But to wear a gold pectoral cross is not a sin, moreover, attributes of the Christian faith from expensive material in the modern world is kind of a tribute to faith, her respect and reverence for God. The only rules that recommend that the clergy is the necessity of lighting pectoral cross, bought all of the walls of the temple, and the presence on the reverse the inscription "Save and protect".

The choice of the cross according to the rules of fashion

And gold and silver crosses have always been popular and fashionable jewelry. To give preference to one or another metal is necessary only in accordance with the style of the decorations that are in the "Arsenal", that is, if most of the jewelry ladies are made of silver, and the cross is better to buy silver as the chain for him.

Gold cross, of course, have a number of advantages – the metal does not darken, do not cause allergic reactions. But for everyday wear as a symbol of religion is a decoration for some, it is a little expensive.

No less original and looks a little silver cross. The main advantage of this metal is that it is almost universal, that is combined with any type and color of fabric with any style of clothing and will not look pretentious, even complete with the usual top.

But the main criterion for the selection of cross, nevertheless, must be your own taste and sense of proportion, not fashion trends or any other rules.
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