Advice 1: How to replace antifreeze in the Field

It is recommended to pay attention to the condition of the antifreeze every six months. It happens that the coolant does not meet the desired density and requires replacement. In addition, if the antifreeze is discolored, it is also necessary to replace him.
How to replace antifreeze in the Field
You will need
  • - 8-10 liters of antifreeze;
  • - the key is "13";
  • - capacity with a capacity of 10 l;
  • plastic bottle;
  • - the hose.
Instruction
1
Find heater valve radiator and open it by sliding handle to the right until it stops.
2
Under the hood, remove the surge tank cap and the filler tube of the radiator.
3
On a plastic bottle cut the bottom to get a deep watering. One end of a hose put on the neck of the watering can, and the second will drop into a container. In the lower left corner of the radiator there is a drain plug. Substituting the watering can, Unscrew it and drain the antifreeze.
4
Undo the belt fastening of the surge tank and lifting it up, drain any excess fluid through the radiator. Tighten the drain plug on the radiator and put the tank back in place.
5
On the engine block, below the candle of the fourth cylinder, find the brass tube under the key "on 13". Put it under the funnel, remove and drain any excess coolant from the cylinder block. Then screw a stopper and tighten it with a key.
6
Start to fill the cooling system, pouring antifreeze into the radiator. Ensure the fluid level is between the lower and upper mark. Pour antifreeze in expansion tank. The liquid should be poured into the neck of the radiator. Periodically prosemite fingers radiator hoses to fill the system without air pockets. Screw the cap back on the reservoir tank and radiator.
7
Start the engine and let it warm up. Turn on the heater, and through him, got to go warm the air. After starting the second round of the cooling, the antifreeze will sharply fall through the system. Stopping the engine, add it to the coolant reservoir to the upper mark.
Note
The photo shows the engine compartment of the vehicle, модель21200
Useful advice
A few days after the replacement of antifreeze is necessary to monitor its level. If necessary top up. Sometimes in the cooling system formed an air tube. To remove, jammed the engine and allow it to cool. Then you need to Unscrew the filler tube of the radiator, start the engine and let it run for about 5 minutes. Thereafter, the tube can be closed. Before the winter period it is worth checking the alcohol content of the antifreeze. If the density is below forty percent, the liquid must be replaced.

Advice 2: How to access the Field without a key

Thanks to the combination of quality/price, the vehicle is considered to be popular. He also won popularity among the fans to travel on the road. Chevrolet Niva is a four-wheel drive car, that is, all the wheels are leading. It is very convenient in the conditions of bad weather and off-road. There are situations when it is necessary to open the door of the Fields without the use of keys or electronic lock. It happens when you forgot your keys at home or left them in the car.
How to access the Field without a key
Instruction
1
To open the Field without a key, use durable steel ruler. Lean it against the glass and slide down between the glass and rubber seal on the lock and then quickly push down. After that, the lock should open, and you will be able to get inside the car.
2
If this way to open the door of the Fields failed, try to get inside through the back door. On some cars it has a rather weak lock that can be opened with a fingernail big hand. Be careful not to hurt yourselves. If all the above fails, contact the shop for assistance. There you will have the appropriate level of service and help to get into the car. To do this, call the nearest service station and call a specialist. Professional using special equipment will solve your problem in a few minutes. You will just have to thank him saying "thank you" and paying for the services.
3
Novaya Niva, as a rule, are equipped with electronic keys and a modern security system, which will not give so easy to penetrate into the interior of the car. In this case, it is desirable to have a spare set of keys. Keep it in a safe place away from prying eyes, lest he fall into the hands of thieves and your car is not stolen. It is advisable to leave your car overnight in a secure safe place. Now every modern residential complex equipped with modern and comfortable Parking, which is guarded by highly trained professionals 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Also follow the functional state of your auto advance and take urgent action for prompt resolution of various problems and breakdowns.

Advice 3: How to put in the Field column

Has long been a car is an important part of human life. People can not imagine life without their own vehicles, as it helps to be at the right time in the right place. However long and frequent trips are very tiring. Relieve stress and fatigue behind the wheel will help favorite music. Just set the tape recorder in the car and speakers.
How to put in the Field column
You will need
  • Tools, car speakers, wire, sealant, nails or screws.
Instruction
1
Pick speakers for car. Niva - pretty budget machine, so you should not buy expensive models of speakers. Also decide on the amount and type of purchased speakers. If you want to achieve maximum sound quality, then buy separate speakers for low and high tones. Models differ from each other in size. It is necessary to choose, based on the data of the car.
2
Driving the car into the garage. Apply the Parking brake. Open the hood, remove the spare wheel and remove the negative terminal from the battery. This is to prevent short circuit. Open maximum door in which to install the speakers. You need to buy or to make yourself a catwalk - a special small box in which there will be a column. Carefully remove the door trim. Attach the podium to the bottom with nails or screws. Between the podium and the cladding lay the sealant to vibration from the music they had not issued a rattle.
3
From the radio output wires so that they came to the door. Between the door and wing technical hole. Through him, you need to thread the wire, attaching pre-sharp edges on the rubber gasket. Leave a little wire to the door quietly opened and closed until it stops. Connect the wires to the column and install the cover back. Since the other door will do exactly the same. To install the rear speakers, they need to punch in the regiment. Run the wiring either through the Central tunnel or under the skin on the floor.

Advice 4: How to replace the gas valve

One of the most common types of repair of the pipeline is to replace the gas valve. The faucet after prolonged use wears out and begins to pass gas and for this reason it is a leak in the apartment. As you know, a gas leak is one of the most dangerous faults in the pipeline. If you smell gas in the apartment, you should check the gas valve with soapy foam. To put it in connection with pipe and the valve. If in some place the foam swells up (forming a soap ball) this suggests that in this area there is a leak. In such cases, should immediately contact the experts to replace the old, worn-out faucet.
How to replace the gas valve
You will need
  • - gas valve (if needed, it should be clarified when you call in the gas service);
  • documents (contract on gas supply, technical data sheet).
Instruction
1
Call the experts of gas service or private organization licensed to perform work on this profile. The phone will notify the type of fault and make an application for the replacement of the crane.
2
Buy the faucet from a retailer. Experts advise to buy the ball valves female (nut-nut), as it is the most reliable and service life is much longer than cork. This allows you to set the dielectric insert.
3
Prepare a contract for gas supply and technical passport (it will be submitted marked with the seal of the employee of gas service on the replacement of the gas crane).
4
Light the gas and shut off its tap near the gas meter. Leave the burner lit until full attenuation. The attenuation of the burner means that all the gas in the pipe burned out. Now on arrival the experts will be able to proceed immediately to the replacement tap.
5
In the room where it will be undergoing renovations to open the window. This should be done in the event of a gas leak. It is desirable that the window was open a few - to create a draft that will quickly ventilate the room from gas.
6
During the works are close to the people, replace the faucet. Follow the correct execution of works and compliance with safety regulations. If you believe that the employee can prevent a gas leak, warn him in advance.
7
Along with specialists examine the installed tap on the gas leak. Make a test of the burner plate.
8
Provide technical certificate and ask for confirmation of the replacement of the crane and work on the pipeline.
9
Leave the Windows open for 15 to 30 minutes for complete ventilation of the room.
Note
Do not replace the gas valve yourself. This can lead to a gas leak. The procedure must be performed by employees of gas service.
Useful advice
Check the condition of the gas valve located in the house or apartment. In poor condition, immediately contact your gas service or in private sector organizations at the place of residence.

Advice 5: How to drain the antifreeze on the Field

The manufacturer recommends to change the coolant in the system Fields "Chevy" at least once in two years. It is also worth to replace in case if the antifreeze was yellow, as this indicates that the coolant has lost its properties.
How to drain the antifreeze on the Field
You will need
  • - wrenches;
  • - screwdriver;
  • - cotton gloves;
  • - drainage container;
  • - at least 10 litres of new coolant.
Instruction
1
Driving a car on a horizontal platform. If the surface is sloped, then the machine must be positioned so that the front part is below the rear.
2
Disassemble the crankcase and the splash shield. This is needed in order to when draining the fluid does not spread on tray. You can also find any fixture drain, not to remove the protection and splash guard.
3
Look in the car the handle of the heater valve and turn it counterclockwise until it stops. Located on the radiator drain plug. Substitute under her capacity, the volume of which not less than ten litres. Carefully Unscrew the cap.
4
Find the expansion tank. He's usually a light color. Open the plug on it. Do not pull hard, so as not to strip the threads on the plastic. Also from the excessive effort, the tank may crack.
5
Locate the drain plug on the engine block. Place a container under it and open the tube. This will allow you to drain the coolant channels of the engine block.
6
Flush the cooling system, as during the period of operation on its walls may accumulate a lot of deposits. For washing, you can pour distilled water by adding specific additives that can break down deposits. In this case the additive should be selected so that they do injury to the material from which made the radiator. To thoroughly clean the radiator, use the washer "Karcher". Put the hose washing on the radiator hose and turn it on maximum power. Water pressure will wash away all the deposits. Clean the external radiator cell. This will facilitate the flow of air.
7
Pour new coolant. If you have not washed the system, then you should only pour the liquid that you used. If you cleaned the cooling system, then you can fill the antifreeze of any type. Pour antifreeze as long as the fluid level in the reservoir reaches the maximum mark. One should not pour, since the extra coolant can create excessive pressure that will cause harm to the system.
8
Start the engine and let it warm up. Then turn the car off and check the coolant level. If necessary, top up with antifreeze.
Useful advice
Be very careful because the coolant is very harmful and poisonous! Try not to inhale the vapors! Drain the waste liquid only in capacity, not to cause tremendous harm to the environment.

Advice 6: How to install heater antifreeze VAZ

Pre - heater antifreeze – an indispensable device to facilitate engine starting in the most severe frosts. For cars VAZ this is especially true since they "don't like" to start in the winter. Installation of the antifreeze heater is a good solution to this problem, is feasible on its own.
How to install heater antifreeze VAZ
You will need
  • - pre-heater;
  • - coolant (antifreeze);
  • - capacity for gathering of antifreeze;
  • - import the clip;
  • - reinforced hoses of the cooling system.
Instruction
1
Disconnect all the wires from the battery terminals. Drain the coolant in in advance prepared capacity. Subsequently, gaining experience in installation of similar systems, you can mount the heaters without draining the antifreeze.
2
Remove the plug with the dispensing fitting of the fuel pump and install on it the fuel hose from the kit to the heater. To avoid air pockets, all connections of fuel pipes need butt.
3
Mounting set bolt front suspension support of the engine. To do this, loosen the nut on the bolt, install the mounting bracket of the heater and secure it with the regular nut. To the bracket attach the heater unit. Tighten nut to a torque of 42-52 Nm.
4
To connect the heater to the cooling system remove the surge tank cap. Close the heater valve (turn it to the left). Disconnect the inlet hose of the stove from fitting the engine and connect it with an outlet of the heater. The connection clamp.
5
The inlet of the heater connect with the inlet of the coolant pump. Connection clamp. Hose lay along the right mudguard of the front wing and the bulkhead.
6
The power to the heater on the car VAZ with a fuel-injected engine move from the drain pipe. To do this, Unscrew the drain hose, attach it fitting with a gasket, fitting – filter. Filter and fuel pipe connect the heater hose. Secure all connections with clamps.
7
Connect power supply to carburetor engine VAZ run to the inlet fitting of the fuel pump, using an algorithm similar to that described.
8
On the exhaust fitting of the heater slip pipe exhaust. The connection and secure with clamp. The pipe itself point in the direction opposite to the movement of the vehicle and secure it by bolting on the mounting bracket to cylinder block.
9
Similarly install the heater pipe air intake. When installing it make sure the tip of this pipe stood as high as possible, but not interfere with the free closing of the hood.
10
The remote control device, install on the dashboard or any other convenient location. Secure it with screws or with screws. Route the leads from the control panel to the heater through holes in the bulkhead. Contacts insert the wires into the socket pads on the heater.
11
Connect the power supply of the heater to terminals 1, 2, 3, and 4 pads ХЅ4 according to the wiring diagram of the car VAZ. Every time carrying out work on the connection / disconnection of the remote control, disconnect the power supply to the heater.
12
Pour antifreeze in the cooling system. Connect the wires to the battery terminals. The heater valve open by turning it as far right as possible. Start the engine and check all the installed hoses for leaks. After stopping the motor, fill the cooling system antifreeze to the desired level.
Note
While installing heater antifreeze remember safety when working with toxic (antifreeze) and combustible (diesel) substances. All hoses and piping route so that they did not have kinks.
Useful advice
When installing the heater, it is recommended to use branded clamps imported. Regular hoses for the coolant, replace imported reinforced.

Advice 7: Where poured the antifreeze

Antifreeze is a liquid used for cooling internal combustion engine, thereby extends its functionality. But for this antifreeze should be updated, as the drop in the level of anti-corrosion additives contained in the liquid, contributes to the weakening of protection, causing the engine together with the radiator start to corrode. To avoid this, every motorist should knowwhere to pour the antifreeze.
Where poured the antifreeze
Instruction
1
Antifreeze can be poured into a car radiator or reservoir, especially designed for this purpose. For example, on the car VAZ-2109 and 2108 expansion tank, where to fill coolant located under the hood near the battery. To be precise, you look for it in the engine compartment.
2
Pouring antifreeze, ensure that he rose to the highest level possible. In addition, you need to regularly check the reservoir remaining volume of the cooling fluid.
3
Before pouring it into the coolant reservoir or radiator, they merge the remnants of the old fluid, and only then filled with new. This must be done carefully and with caution. Pouring coolant from time to time close the radiator cap or expansion barrel, gently massaging the upper radiator hose, this will allow you to expel the remaining air from the system.
4
The expansion tank is designed for coolant, not all car brands located under the hood. For example, in 2107 it is possible to detect directly under the driver's seat, namely in the left side of the engine compartment. On the location of the expansion tank in your vehicle can be found in the manual, which should be in every car.
5
Determine where you will pour the antifreeze, you will need to learn to assess the condition of the old cooling liquid before replacing it. This can be done by eye or by using a hydrometer. In addition, it is important to know what brand of antifreeze is suitable for your car.
Note
Coolant is highly toxic, so when replacing it should not get into the soil.
Useful advice
In any case do not dilute the antifreeze with water, as this will lead to corrosion.
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